Long non-coding RNAs as monitoring tools and therapeutic targets in breast cancer

ConclusionsIn this review, we discuss the potential application of lncRNAs for the monitoring and treatment of breast cancer. We conclude that lncRNAs play important roles in the pathophysiology of this disease and may serve as putative therapeutic targets. As such, tumor-specific lncRNAs may be instrumental for improving current breast cancer clinical practices.
Source: Cellular Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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This study aim to investigate the association of breast cancer risk and prognostic factors with single nucleotide variants of the BRCA1, BRCA2, DAPK1, MMP9, TOX3, and TP53 genes in Jordanian women. Blood samples were collected from 230 Jordanian breast cancer patients for use in DNA extraction followed by genotyping and subsequent statistical analysis. We found that two single nucleotide variants (SNVs) of the BRCA2 gene, namely rs1799944 and rs766173, were significantly associated with breastfeeding status. Likewise, the rs11141901 and rs1041326 SNVs of the DAPK1 gene were linked with co-morbidity (p-value = 0.002) and fa...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Studies have indicated the significance of tumor associated macrophages (TAMs) in breast cancer; however, inconsistent results still exist. We retrospectively reviewed the macrophage distribution in 1579 breast cancer specimens with anti-CD68 or anti-CD163 immunohistochemical staining, and further analyzed the overall survival data. Furthermore, we performed a retrospective study and systematic review of the published studies on CD68- and CD163-positive macrophages in non-metastatic breast cancer. 13 studies with 5116 patients were included in this meta-analysis. Our own data revealed a high density of both CD68- and CD163...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusions: NAC may have an adverse effect on breast cancer prognosis among patients with grade 2 tumors. These patients need not receive NAC, except when the patient has a strong desire for breast conservation, and this is unlikely to be achieved in the absence of NAC.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Endocrine resistance in hormone receptor positive breast cancer patients urges us to develop novel approaches such as inhibitors of the cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK) 4/6 to reverse its resistance. Nowadays, three selective CDK4/6 inhibitors (Palbociclib, Ribociclib and Abemaciclib) are approved by Federal Drug Administration and the European Medicines Agency for the treatment of advanced and metastatic HR+/HER2- breast cancer. However, no consistent conclusion has been reached to its application in other types of breast cancer. Therefore, the purpose of our study was to overview the clinical trials about the beneficial ef...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is characterized by distinctive biological features that confer an aggressive clinical behavior. In TNBC patients, the absence of well-defined driver pathways such as hormonal receptor expression or hyperactivation of the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) significantly reduce the spectrum of therapeutic options, which are currently mainly confined to chemotherapy. Thus far, median overall survival for patients with metastatic TNBC is about 9-12 months with conventional cytotoxic agents. However, the heterogeneity recently revealed at a gene expression level inside the TNBC...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Source: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, we identified and mechanically confirmed that AK4 is a novel therapeutic target of HER2-positive breast cancer. PMID: 31827645 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Disease Markers - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Dis Markers Source Type: research
Conditions:   Breast Adenocarcinoma;   Stage II Breast Cancer AJCC v6 and v7;   Stage IIA Breast Cancer AJCC v6 and v7;   Stage IIB Breast Cancer AJCC v6 and v7;   Stage III Breast Cancer AJCC v7;   Stage IIIA Breast Cancer AJCC v7;   Stage IIIB Breast Cancer AJCC v7 ;   Stage IIIC Breast Cancer AJCC v7 Interventions:   Biological: Pertuzumab;   Other: Place...
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Future Oncology, Ahead of Print.
Source: Future Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology, Published online: 13 December 2019; doi:10.1038/s41571-019-0299-9HER2-targeted therapy has greatly improved the outcomes of patients with HER2-positive breast cancer, with a range of agents now approved or in late-stage clinical development. In the era of precision medicine, efforts are being made to further improve patient outcomes by personalizing HER2-targeted treatment regimens, primarily though escalation or de-escalation of therapy according to the disease biology. In this Review, the authors provide an overview of the current landscape of HER2-targeted therapy and discuss the eviden...
Source: Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
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