Evaluation of a Novel Microarray Immunoblot Assay for Detection of IgM- and IgG-Class Antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi Immunoassays

We present the first analytic evaluation of the automated Borrelia B31 ViraChip IgM and IgG microarray immunoblot (MIB) assays (Viramed Biotech AG, Planegg, Germany) in comparison to two different, semiautomated blot assays for LD, including the Borrelia B31 ViraStripe IgM and IgG line immunoassays (LIAs) (Viramed) and the MarDx Borrelia burgdorferi IgM and IgG Western blot (WB) assays (Trinity Biotech, Carlsbad, CA), using prospectively collected sera (n = 411) and archived, clinically characterized samples (n = 91). We show comparable overall agreement (>84%) of the ViraChip MIB assays against the two aforementioned LD blot methods. The ViraChip MIB assays were also compared to a consensus standard, whereby samples were classified as positive or negative for IgM or IgG to B. burgdorferi if the analyte-matched ViraStripe LIA or MarDx WB assay were positive or negative, respectively. The ViraChip IgM and IgG MIB assays showed>93% positive, negative, and overall agreement versus these consensus criteria. The ViraChip MIB assays were associated with a time savings of 28 min to process one full batch of samples compared to the time required for the ViraStripe LIAs. The ViraChip MIB assays can be programmed and performed on an open-system, automated enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) processor, negating the need for assay-specific equipment and enabling laboratories to consolidate LD testing onto a single platform. We conclude that the ViraChip IgM and IgG MIB assays...
Source: Journal of Clinical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Immunoassays Source Type: research

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Conclusions: The interleukin-6/interleukin-10 ratio can be used as a rapid diagnostic cue upon suspected tick-borne infection, enabling fast and correct treatment. Also, in serology-negative results, such information may strengthen a clinical suspicion.
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Translational Medicine Reports Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 3 February 2020Source: Ticks and Tick-borne DiseasesAuthor(s): Mariska Kerstholt, Mihai G. Netea, Leo A.B. JoostenAbstractChanges in cellular metabolism have proven to be important factors in driving cell behavior. It has been shown that cellular metabolism of immune cells changes when exposed to or infected by several pathogens: while this is often an adaptation of the host cells to the infection, sometimes it represents a mechanism through which the pathogens evade immune activation. Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, the causative agent of Lyme borreliosis, is a pathogen that highly depe...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
The recent discovery of Lyme-infected ticks at the location of an outdoor wilderness program in North Carolina highlights the importance of vectorborne disease prevention.
Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report - Category: American Health Tags: DEET Lyme Disease (Borrelia burgdorferi Infection) MMWR Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report Source Type: news
Lyme disease (LD), which is caused by genospecies of the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex, is the most common vector-borne disease in the Northern hemisphere. Spirochetes are transmitted by Ixodes ticks and maintained in diverse vertebrate animal hosts. Following tick bite, spirochetes initially establish a localized infection in the skin. However, they may also disseminate hematogenously to several distal sites, including heart, joints, or the CNS. Because they need to survive in diverse microenvironments, from tick vector to mammalian hosts, spirochetes have developed multiple strategies to combat the numerous hos...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This study investigated Borrelia prevalence and species distribution in ticks removed from humans and sent as diagnostic material to the Institute for Parasitology, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, in 2013-2017. A probe-based real-time PCR was carried out and Borrelia-positive samples were subjected to species determination by reverse line blot (RLB), including a B. miyamotoi-specific probe. The overall Borrelia-infection rate as determined by real-time PCR was 20.02 % (510/2547, 95 % CI: 18.48–21.63 %), with annual prevalences ranging from 17.17 % (90/524, 95 % CI: 14.04–20.68 %) in 2014 to 24.12 % ...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Abstract Ixodes scapularis is currently known to transmit 7 pathogens responsible for Lyme disease, anaplasmosis, babesiosis, tick-borne relapsing fever, ehrlichiosis, and Powassan encephalitis. Ixodes scapularis can also be colonized by endosymbiotic bacteria including those in the genus of Rickettsia. We screened 459 I. scapularis ticks submitted to the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station Tick Testing Laboratory with the objectives to (1) examine differences in infection prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Babesia microti, and Borrelia miyamotoi, (2) evaluate whether prevalence...
Source: The Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: J Parasitol Source Type: research
The prevalence of tickborne diseases worldwide is increasing virtually unchecked due to the lack of effective control strategies. The transmission dynamics of tickborne pathogens are influenced by the tick microbiome, tick co-infection with other pathogens, and environmental features. Understanding this complex system could lead to new strategies for pathogen control, but will require large-scale, high-resolution data. Here, we introduce Project Acari, a citizen science-based project to assay, at single-tick resolution, species, pathogen infection status, microbiome profile, and environmental conditions of tens of thousand...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
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Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
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Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Abstract Lyme borreliosis is a bacterial infection that can be spread to humans by infected ticks and may severely affect many organs and tissues. Nearly four decades have elapsed since the discovery of the disease agent called Borrelia burgdorferi. Although there is a plethora of knowledge on the infectious agent and thousands of scientific publications, an effective way on how to combat and prevent Lyme borreliosis has not been found yet. There is no vaccine for humans available, and only one active vaccine program in clinical development is currently running. A spirited search for possible disease interventions...
Source: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Appl Microbiol Biotechnol Source Type: research
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