The Cost and Quality of Life of Malaysian Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease and Anemia

ConclusionsThis study was the first to examine anemia in this group of patients. Costs were significantly higher among anemic patients compared with nonanemic patients; patients with higher CKD stage 5 fared less well than did those in lower stages. This information suggests the need to increase detection, prevention, and early treatment of anemia when managing T2DM patients, particularly those with CKD.
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

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ConclusionThe practice of health promotion behaviour varies among patients, individually tailored interventions and motivation is needed.
Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
AbstractAim of testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) is to improve symptoms and signs of testosterone deficiency including decreased libido, erectile dysfunction, depressed mood, anaemia, loss of muscle and bone mass, by increasing serum testosterone levels to physiologic range. TRT has been used in the last 70 years and overtime, numerous preparations and formulations have been developed to improve pharmacokinetics (PKs) and patient compliance. The routes of delivery approved for use in western world include buccal, nasal, sub dermal, transdermal, and intramuscular (IM). The aim of this narrative review is to describe an...
Source: Andrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research
ConclusionThe association of antibiotic and surgical therapy seems to be more effective compared to each one alone. The lack of comparison studies and randomized controlled trials makes it difficult to give information about the efficacy of the different management therapies.
Source: The Surgeon - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Wee YH, Anpalahan M Abstract BACKGROUND: Older age has a significant association with anaemia. However, this has not been adequately investigated in the context of specific comorbidities such as type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM). OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of age in normocytic anaemia(NCA) and the adverse outcomes of NCA in T2DM. METHODS: Patients with NCA, either unexplained or related to chronic kidney disease(CKD), were recruited from a diabetic clinic over six months. Anaemia was defined as a haemoglobin(Hb)
Source: Current Aging Science - Category: Geriatrics Tags: Curr Aging Sci Source Type: research
Background Although clear evidence shows that chronic kidney disease is a predictor of cardiovascular events, death, and accelerated coronary artery disease (CAD) progression, it remains unknown whether CAD is a predictor of progression of chronic kidney disease to end-stage renal disease. We sought to assess whether CAD adds prognostic information to established predictors of progression to dialysis in patients with chronic kidney disease, diabetes, and anemia. Methods and Results Using the previously described Trial to Reduce Cardiovascular Events With Aranesp Therapy (TREAT) population, we compared baseline characteris...
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Nephrology and Kidney, Diabetes, Type 2, Coronary Artery Disease Kidney in Cardiovascular Disease Source Type: research
Please wait while the activity loads. If this activity does not load, try refreshing your browser. Also, this page requires javascript. Please visit using a browser with javascript enabled. If loading fails, click here to try again Click on the 'Start' button to begin the mock test. After answering all questions, click on the 'Get Results' button to display your score and the explanations. There is no time limit for this mock test. Start Congratulations - you have completed DM / DNB Cardiology Entrance Mock Test 10. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rat...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiology MCQ DM / DNB Cardiology Entrance Featured Source Type: blogs
Abstract BackgroundThe effect of anemia in advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) on morbidity and mortality is known. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of mild anemia on hospitalization and 1‐year all‐cause mortality in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with Stage 1 and 2 CKD. MethodsHospitalized T2DM patients (n = 307) with a glomerular filtration rate ≥ 60 mL/min per 1.73 m2 and urinary albumin excretion > 30 mg/24 h (Stage 1 and 2 CKD) were enrolled in the study and divided into two groups based on hemoglobin (Hb) ...
Source: Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Abstract BackgroundThe effect of anemia in advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) on morbidity and mortality is known. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of mild anemia on hospitalization and 1‐year all‐cause mortality in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with Stage 1 and 2 CKD. MethodsHospitalized T2DM patients (n = 307) with a glomerular filtration rate ≥ 60 mL/min per 1.73 m2 and urinary albumin excretion > 30 mg/24 h (Stage 1 and 2 CKD) were enrolled in the study and divided into two groups based on hemoglobin (Hb) ...
Source: Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Conclusion Despite similar access to care and lower CV event rates, the risk of ESRD was higher among blacks and Hispanics than whites. For blacks, but not Hispanics, this increase was independent of known attributable risk factors.
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
A 45-year-old woman with a history of medication-controlled essential hypertension, stage 2 chronic kidney disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and a pack-a-day cigarette habit presented less than 60 minutes after acute onset of severe shortness of breath that awoke her from sleep. She had felt well the previous day, and went to bed with no complaints.   Around 4 a.m., she woke up from sleep very dyspneic, with moderate chest “discomfort” over her left chest that radiated to her back and was unchanged by position or respirations. She denied other symptoms such as fever, cough, nausea, vomiting, numbness, o...
Source: Spontaneous Circulation - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: blogs
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