Preservation of fertility of adult male cancer patients treated with chemotherapy

AbstractChemotherapy-induced gonadal dysfunction resulting in transient or persistent infertility depends on the type of drugs and cumulative dose, and it is an important long-term complication, especially for adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patients. Due to its importance, a clinical practice guideline for fertility preservation in childhood and AYA cancer patients was published by the Japan Society of Clinical Oncology (JSCO) in 2017. Although the precise mechanisms remain unclear, several studies reported that the cancer itself, not the cancer treatment, adversely affected semen quality. It is reported that that poor pretreatment semen quality is commonly seen in various cancer types including testicular cancer, leukemia, brain tumor, and sarcoma. Fortunately, however, even men with poor sperm quality can be candidates for sperm cryopreservation due to recent advances in assisted reproductive technology (ART) and sperm banking techniques. Therefore, the JSCO guideline and others recommend that sperm cryopreservation should be considered as early as possible when patients are planning to undergo treatment that may render them infertile. The previous studies showed that testicular cancer and hematological tumors are the two leading types of cancer among patients who requested sperm cryopreservation. This is followed by bone and soft-tissue tumors and central nervous system tumors and others. Although the efficacy of postchemotherapy testicular sperm extraction (TESE)...
Source: International Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Typhaneoside regulates IL-6 and TNF-α as well as MMP-2 and MMP-9 in rats with heart failure after myocardial infarction. Typhaneoside can improve cardiac morphological structure and myocardial remodeling and enhance heart function. It may mediate autophagy inhibition in the cardiomyocyte anoxia/reoxygenation (A/R) pathway through the PI3K/Akt/mTOR autophagy transduction pathway. PMID: 31201434 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Herz - Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research
Using 3D-printed models based on chest CT scans allows clinicians to personalize...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: AR, 3D printing enhance planning for complex heart surgery Radiologists rally in support of medical 3D printing AR, 3D printing aid presurgical planning for kidney cancer 3D printing reduces liver transplant costs, surgery time 3D printing boosts efficiency of rib fracture repair
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
Conclusions: Due to the complexity of the behavior and biology of cells, scientists' primary focus should be on detection and elimination of sources of inflammation. Antiparasitic medications, and also antiviral, antibiotic, and antifungal medications should be thought of as underrecognized, underappreciated, and forgotten medications that can be part of cancer therapy. The information offered in this review suggests scientists should think of cancer not only as a metabolic disease but also as a metabolic parasite and should consider using antiparasitic medications under a new understanding of the role of inflammation, inf...
Source: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Altern Ther Health Med Source Type: research
Conclusions: While case reports cannot be considered as proof of efficacy, these cases added to others of patients treated with the same method would suggest that this is a viable option for those patients whose disease cannot be treated successfully with other modalities. PMID: 31202206 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Altern Ther Health Med Source Type: research
Source: Cancer Management and Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Cancer Management and Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 June 2019Source: Seminars in Cancer BiologyAuthor(s): Michael Timaner, Kelvin Tsai, Yuval ShakedAbstractMesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent stem cells derived from the mesoderm that give rise to several mesenchymal lineages, including osteoblasts, adipocytes, chondrocytes and myocytes. Their potent ability to home to tumors coupled with their differentiation potential and immunosuppressive function positions MSCs as key regulators of tumor fate. Here we review the existing knowledge on the involvement of MSCs in multiple tumor-promoting processes, including angiogenesis, epit...
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2019Source: Cancer Epidemiology, Volume 61Author(s): Ryan Wendt, Yubo Gao, Benjamin J. MillerAbstractBackgroundThere is an undefined relationship between access to regional referral centers and whether the eventual oncologic outcomes are influenced by distance, travel time, or residence in a rural community.MethodsWe used the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) Program Database to capture all cases of high-grade osteosarcoma from 1990 to 2014 in Iowa, Utah, and New Mexico. Using univariate, Kaplan Meier survival analysis, and multivariate Cox proportional hazards modeling we analyzed ...
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsCNS-RF is a relevant measure of prognosis in patients who have already achieved a period of remission. Providing an updated estimation of prognosis in the years following diagnosis may improve the survivors’ quality of life and access to credit or insurance.
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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Source: AARP.org News - Category: American Health Source Type: news
Source: Cancer Management and Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Cancer Management and Research Source Type: research
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