More Than Chemicals: The Difference Between Pleasure and Happiness
The experience of pleasure is distinct from the experience of happiness. Quite distinct. With pleasure, a dopamine “spike” occurs in response to an acute momentary reward. The experience feels wonderful but depletes serotonin. The ultimate consequence of repeated rushes to this pleasure center leads to the loss of dopamine receptors in the brain. With the loss of neurons comes Tolerance: a situation in which more and more “hits” are needed to feel the same impact as before — or to feel anything at all. The result is addiction. The dopamine neuron, or pleasure receptor, is identical in most pleasure centers; its exploitation in one addiction is often transferred to another (usually in the same individual). This is called Addiction Transfer. Transfers of addiction are epidemic in all kinds of substance abuse (such as opiates, sugar, alcohol, etc.) as well as digital obsessions (porn, Facebook, selfies, etc.). A person addicted to amphetamines, for example, becomes more susceptible to cocaine addiction. In contrast to pleasure, happiness is a more resilient and healthier mental state. The long-term components of happiness are found in Connection, Contribution, and Coping. (Coping consists of three things: Sleep, Mindfulness, and Exercise.) The fourth component, Cook, means increasing nutrients such as tryptophan and omega 3 fatty acids, while reducing fructose or sugar. Examples of these qualities (and tips related to them) are provided by D...
This article describes details of each stage of the mission and includes a discussion of key aspects of logistics and patient care posed by such evacuations. PMID: 31977424 [PubMed - in process]
PMID: 31977419 [PubMed - in process]
This article explores the factors that contribute to polypharmacy and discusses its negative physiological, psychological, and economic effects. It also describes strategies for reducing polypharmacy, including both "explicit" approaches, which are grounded in the findings of literature reviews and expert opinion, and "implicit" approaches, which are based on the provider's interpretation of clinical data and the patient's medication regimen. PMID: 31977416 [PubMed - in process]
This article describes key characteristics of nonpermanent contraceptive methods, including mechanism of action, correct use, failure rates with perfect and typical use, contraindications, benefits, side effects, discontinuation procedures, and innovations in the field. We also discuss how contraceptive care is related to nursing ethics and health inequities. PMID: 31977414 [PubMed - in process]
Publication date: Available online 24 January 2020Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Terrence D. Hill, Benjamin Dowd-Arrow, Amy M. Burdette, Lauren HaleAbstractAlthough there is no empirical evidence linking gun ownership with better sleep, speculation is widespread in gun culture. We assess the direct association between gun ownership and sleep disturbance and whether gun ownership moderates the association between neighborhood fear and sleep disturbance. We use four waves of cross-sectional data from the General Social Survey (2010–2018) and logistic regression to model sleep disturbance as a function of gun own...
“Although the United States leads the world in health care spending, it fares far worse than its peers on coverage and most dimensions of value. Cost and coverage are intertwined. Many Americans cannot afford health insurance, and even those with insurance face substantial cost-related barriers to care. Employer-sponsored insurance is less prevalent and more expensive than in the past, and in response, deductibles have grown and benefits have been cut. The long-term solvency of U.S. public... ACP Endorses Single-Payer system
Publication date: August 2020Source: Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications, Volume 54Author(s): Eric Kokomo, Bongor Danhrée, Yves EmvuduAbstractWe propound a deterministic, nonlinear model for the transmission dynamics of cholera in different human communities with individuals’ migration. The considered different human communities are crossed by a running water which is contaminated by the vibrio cholerae bacterium. The formulated model for each community which is an initial/boundary-value problem constituted of four parabolic partial differential equations, integrates antibiotic treatment, hydration the...
Publication date: Available online 24 January 2020Source: International Journal of PsychophysiologyAuthor(s): Peter E. Clayson, Kaylie A. Carbine, Michael J. LarsonAbstractPerformance-monitoring event-related brain potentials (ERPs), such as the error-related negativity (ERN) and reward positivity (RewP), are advocated as biomarkers of depression symptoms and risk. However, a recent meta-analysis indicated effect size heterogeneity in the ERN and RewP literatures. Hence, advocating these ERPs as biomarkers of depression might be premature or possibly misguided due to the selective reporting of significant analyses on the p...
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