Quality of life and depression in hearing-impairment : A  German survey.

CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that besides delivering high-quality acoustic care, practitioners should continuously check patients' requirements for psychosocial treatment due to a loss of quality of life. The development of a specific psychotherapeutic treatment for hearing-impaired clients requires additional research focused on protective and vulnerability factors which may influence the emergence of mental disorders in these patients. PMID: 30324556 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: HNO - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

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Ketamine was once used mainly as an anesthetic on battlefields and in operating rooms. Now this medication is gaining ground as a promising treatment for some cases of major depression, which is the leading cause of disability worldwide. In the US, recent estimates show 16 million adults had an episode of major depression in the course of a year. Suicide rates rose substantially between 1999 and 2016, increasing by more than 30% in 25 states. Because of its rapid action, ketamine could have a role to play in helping to prevent suicide. Why is ketamine exciting for treating depression? If a person responds to ketamine, it c...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Anxiety and Depression Health Health trends Mental Health Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: The DIL intervention was adapted to the local context for delivery by lay health counselors and was found to be acceptable and feasible among the elderly participants in the study. PMID: 31104614 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Global Health Action - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Study findings enhance understanding of CWH with relevance to clinical practice. Key intervention elements deemed important for RTW are discussed and may provide guidance for other work-re-entry programs. PMID: 31104044 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Work - Category: Occupational Health Authors: Tags: Work Source Type: research
Depressive symptoms are highly prevalent among older adults1 and have been associated with reduced quality of life, disability, and elevated rates of mortality.2,3 Depression that emerges during older adulthood differs in several ways from depression symptoms that begin earlier in life with regard to associated comorbidity,4 genetic determinants,5 and response to anti-depressive treatment.6 Three hypotheses regarding the etiology of late-life depression, which are not mutually exclusive, have gained support: (1) the neurodegenerative hypothesis suggests that depression precedes or occurs concurrently with cognitive decline...
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Regular Research Article Source Type: research
This study aims to develop a short form (CPSS-SF) that retains the multidimensional structure of the instrument. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Six hundred sixty-four community-dwelling Chinese older adults aged 60-95 years with chronic pain completed a survey. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted on the 22-item CPSS. Regression analyses were performed to examine the items' correlations with criterion variables. After CPSS-SF items were selected, the performance of CPSS-SF subscales in terms of accounting for pain-related outcomes was compared with the full version. RESULTS: CFA supported a modified 3-f...
Source: The Gerontologist - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research
AbstractPrevious research has shown that self ‐compassion is associated with improved functioning and health outcomes among multiple chronic illnesses. However, the role of self‐compassion in chronic pain‐related functioning is understudied. The present study sought to understand the association between self‐compassion and important mea sures of functioning within a sample of patients with chronic pain. Treatment‐seeking individuals (N= 343 with chronic pain) that were mostly White (97.9%) and female (71%) completed a battery of assessments that included the Self‐Compassion Scale (SCS), as well as measures of p...
Source: European Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Day two of APA ’s Annual Meeting included an address by psychiatrist and incoming AMA President Patrice Harris, M.D., to APA’s Board of Trustees; a discussion of the challenges that international medical graduate students face; and a recommendation that psychiatrists consider ways their own mindfulness could b enefit their patients.Through May 22,Psychiatric News will deliver an evening digest of important highlights from the meeting.Incoming AMA President and Former APA Board Member Lays Out Plans for Presidential YearPsychiatrist Patrice Harris, M.D., told trustees that the integration of mental health and ge...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: ACA AMA brain injury childhood trauma depression disability discrimination history track IMGs mindfulness neurobiology obesity Patrice Harris PTSD research TBI Valerie Jarrett Source Type: research
AbstractObjectiveTo examine the impact of the presence of facet tropism on the results of transforaminal epidural steroid injection for unilateral radicular pain induced by lumbar disc herniation.Materials and MethodsWe included 112 patients diagnosed with unilateral, single-level lumbar disc herniation-induced radicular pain. Injection was planned at relevant levels. The patients were assessed using the Numerical Rating Scale, the Modified Oswestry Disability Index, and the Beck Depression Inventory before the injection and at hour 1, week 3, and month 3 after the injection. Presence of facet tropism was assessed by measu...
Source: Skeletal Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: People with mental disorders have considerably elevated disability in comparison to mentally healthy participants. The prevalence of mental disorders in the Czech Republic is mostly in line with European prevalence rates but it is lower for anxiety disorders and two times higher for alcohol use disorders. PMID: 31096115 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis review provides an overview of studies that used behavioral genetic methods to understand the genetic and environmental influences that lead to comorbidity, the co-occurrence of two or more developmental disorders in the same individual.Recent FindingsComorbidity is primarily explained by shared genetic influences for most pairs of disorders that have been studied, including attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and learning disabilities, conduct disorder and ADHD, anxiety and depression, and anxiety and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Molecular genetic studies indicate that the etio...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
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