Diagnostic Value of Multi-Slice Spiral Computed Tomography for Bronchial Dysplasia in Premature Infants.

Diagnostic Value of Multi-Slice Spiral Computed Tomography for Bronchial Dysplasia in Premature Infants. Med Sci Monit. 2018 Oct 15;24:7375-7381 Authors: Zhang W, Wang S Abstract BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic value of multi-slice spiral computed tomography (MSCT) for bronchial dysplasia in premature infants. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective analysis of 248 premature infants who were highly suspected to have bronchial dysplasia and were admitted to our hospital from 2015 onwards was conducted. We observed bronchus morphologies, sizes, and tissue characteristics using fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FB) as the criterion standard for diagnosis. We calculated the sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic compliance of MSCT in the diagnosis of bronchial dysplasia. RESULTS Thoracic computed tomography mainly revealed capsular bubbles. The translucency of the 2 lungs was reduced, and extensive and local ground-glass changes were observed. Imaging findings mostly included strip or honeycomb-like shadows. Pleural thickening and pleural effusion were rare. MSCT was able to establish a diagnosis in 92 cases (37.10%) of bronchopulmonary cysts, 69 cases (27.82%) of congenital pulmonary emphysema, 31 cases (12.50%) of bronchial atresia, 1 case (0.40%) of congenital cystadenoma malformation, and 3 cases (1.21%) of giant tracheal bronchitis. Another 52 children (20.97%) were found to have conventional pulmonary inflammation. The sensitivi...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Endoscopic repair of medial and inferior orbital wall fracture using porous polyethylene was an easy and fast approach with satisfactory outcomes with avoiding the external incision.RESUMEN Introducci ón: Las fracturas orbitales son frecuentes en los traumatismos faciales y orbitales, en los que frecuentemente se ve afectada la pared orbital media e inferior. Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los resultados de la reparación endoscópica de la fractura de la pared orbital media e inferior. Diseño: Estudio de serie de casos con cuadro de revisión (estudio observa...
Source: Revista Espanola de Cirugia Oral y Maxilofacial - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Conclusion Binimetinib was well tolerated and showed promising evidence of activity in patients with BTC. Correlative studies suggested the potential for binimetinib to promote muscle gain in patients with BTC.
Source: Investigational New Drugs - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Leaf cellular architecture plays an important role in setting limits for carbon assimilation and, thus, photosynthetic performance. However, the low density, fine structure, and sensitivity to desiccation of p...
Source: Plant Methods - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: Methodology Source Type: research
ConclusionsAccidental placement of CVC s into the PA is a rare complication. The catheter should be removed. Patients should be urgently transferred to a center with access to interventional radiology and cardiothoracic surgery.
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsDespite considerable therapeutic advances and emerging device therapies, heart failure remains a tremendous medical and socioeconomic problem. There is a compelling need for improved clinical treatment for this complex population, and novel heart failure medication therapies has shown tremendous promise in improving health outcomes and quality of life in these patients. By defining a multidisciplinary pathway that has allowed access to these new, promising heart failure agents, our institution has allowed access to medication therapies that typically were not being filled and/or prescribed at other clinics and h...
Source: Heart and Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 November 2018Source: Academic RadiologyAuthor(s): Kenny H. Cha, Lubomir M. Hadjiiski, PhD, Richard H. Cohan, MD, Heang-Ping Chan, PhD, Elaine M. Caoili, MD, Matthew Davenport, MD, Ravi K. Samala, PhD, Alon Z. Weizer, MD, Ajjai Alva, MD, Galina Kirova-Nedyalkova, MD, PhD, Kimberly Shampain, MD, Nathaniel Meyer, MD, Daniel Barkmeier, MD, PhD, Sean Woolen, MD, Prasad R. Shankar, MD, Isaac R. Francis, MD, Phillip Palmbos, MDRationale and ObjectivesTo evaluate whether a computed tomography (CT)-based computerized decision-support system for muscle-invasive bladder cancer treatment response ...
Source: Academic Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
We report a case of a 41-year-old woman with a remote history of resected flank melanoma, who presented with heart failure progressing to cardiogenic shock and death. Despite extensive workup including chest computed tomography, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, and endomyocardial biopsy, the etiology of her heart failure was not diagnosed until autopsy revealed metastatic amelanotic melanoma. In patients with unexplained heart failure and a history of melanoma, imaging studies including fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography should be included in the workup to guide early diagnosis and treatment.
Source: Journal of Cardiology Cases - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 December 2017Source: Materials Science and Engineering: CAuthor(s): Karol Szlazak, Viktoria Vass, Patricia Hasslinger, Jakub Jaroszewicz, Alexander Dejaco, Joanna Idaszek, Stefan Scheiner, Christian Hellmich, Wojciech SwieszkowskiAbstractNowadays, the assessment of the mechanical competence of tissue engineering scaffolds based on computer simulations is a well-accepted technology. Typically, such simulations are performed by means of the Finite Element (FE) method, with the underlying structural model being created based on micro-computed tomography (microCT). Here, this analysis modal...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
We describe the screw accuracy, complications, and learning curve associated with CBT use. A prospective cohort study was performed involving 22 patients who underwent lumbar fusion with CBT screw placement. A total of 100 cortical screws were placed. Post-operative CT scans were reviewed to assess the adequacy of screw placement and calculate the incidence of vertebral body and pedicle breaches from cortical screw placement. Technique-related complications were examined. The entire surgical cohort was divided into two groups: early experience (first 11 patients) and late experience (last 11 patients), to study the effect ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 November 2018Source: MicronAuthor(s): Rodrigo Gomila, Gloria Arancibia, Domingo Mery, Mathias Nehler, Rolf Bracke, Diego MorataAbstractFault zone permeability and the real 3D-spatial distribution of the fault-related fracture networks are critical in the assessment of fault zones behavior for fluids. The study of the real 3D-spatial distribution of the microfracture network, using X-ray micro-computed tomography, is a crucial factor to unravel the real structural permeability conditions of a fault-zone. Despite the availability of several commercial software for rock properties estimat...
Source: Micron - Category: Biology Source Type: research
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