Up to 127 People Have Developed a Rare, Polio-Like Illness — and Health Officials Don’t Know Why
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has so far this year recorded 127 suspected cases of a polio-like nervous system disorder that can cause paralysis, fueling an ongoing investigation into an outbreak of the rare disease. Of those 127 illnesses, 62 cases in 22 states are confirmed to be acute flaccid myelitis (AFM), the CDC said Tuesday. The CDC recorded only 33 confirmed cases of the severe condition — which typically affects kids and can result in muscle weakness or paralysis, respiratory failure and even death — during all of last year, though there were 149 cases the year before. “We have not been able to find the cause of the majority of AFM cases,” said Dr. Nancy Messonnier, director of the CDC’s National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases. “We have detected enterovirus in several of these individual cases.” A few AFM clusters have made headlines recently. Three children were treated for suspected cases of AFM at UPMC Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh, ABC News reports, joining a cluster of cases in Minnesota and another in Colorado. The Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) has since mid-September received a half-dozen reports of children with AFM, according to a statement. All of the Minnesota patients are younger than 10, and cases have been reported in northeastern and central parts of the state, as well as the Twin Cities area. “That is definitely more than would be expected,&rdqu...
DiscussionRoutine hygienic maintenance of the PTS makes pathogen transmission by PTS highly unlikely, although entry racks should be regularly disinfected. Any involvement of the PTS in our VRE outbreak was also unlikely.
Publication date: Available online 21 November 2019Source: American Journal of Infection ControlAuthor(s): Rachel Marrs, Trisha Leann Horsley, Diana Hackbarth, Emily LandonBackgroundThe comfort level of health care workers to respond to an infectious disease outbreak or epidemic is likely directly related to the amount of education, training, and experience they have in responding to these events.MethodsA quasi-experimental study evaluated health care workers’ state anxiety, self-efficacy, and interprofessional teamwork when working with patients simulated to have a potentially high consequence infectious disease.Res...
Conclusions: Our study demonstrated multiple obstacles to achieving the goal of preventing MIT of HBV. Comprehensive public health programs to enhance vaccine coverage rate, supply HBV vaccine for out-born neonates, screening maternal HBV markers, treating highly viremic pregnant mothers are proposed to overcome these obstacles and achieve the goal of preventing MIT of HBV.
Authors: Origoni M, Cristoforoni P, Mariani L, Costa S, Preti M, Sandri MT, Preti EP, Ghelardi A, Perino A Abstract HPV vaccination has been introduced in clinical practice in recent years and represents the most effective strategy of primary prevention of cervical carcinoma and of female genital preneoplastic conditions. One of the major issues of the subject is represented by vaccination coverage of the target population. Since its introduction, HPV vaccine efficacy has been progressively demonstrated also towards extragenital HPV-correlated conditions and in males too. Moreover, even subjects of older age groups...
This report provides updated data on patient demographic characteristics and substances used in e-cigarette, or vaping, products among hospitalized and nonhospitalized patients.
As rates of influenza increase, providers evaluating patients with respiratory illnesses should ask them about e-cigarette, or vaping, product use.
Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine use in children has led to sharp declines in pneumococcal disease among adults and children.
The Food and Drug Administration approved tafenoquine for prophylaxis of malaria and antirelapse therapy.
In 2010, the overall upward trend in obesity prevalence turned downward among children aged 2-4 years enrolled in WIC, the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children.
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