Schoolchildren are being wrongly diagnosed with ADHD

Pupils are being wrongly diagnosed with ADHD and unnecessarily medicated, a study has warned. Younger pupils are more likely to be labelled as hyperactive, researchers claim.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Publication date: May 2019Source: Epilepsy &Behavior, Volume 94Author(s): Colin Reilly, Tove Hallböök, Gerd Viggedal, Bertil Rydenhag, Paul Uvebrant, Ingrid OlssonAbstractThe aim was to compare parent-reported symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) before (baseline) and two years after pediatric epilepsy surgery (follow-up). The parents of 107 children who underwent epilepsy surgery completed surveys including the Conners 10-item scale at baseline and follow-up. Changes in scores between baseline and follow-up were compared using paired sample t-test. Factors associated with changes in sc...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Shah R, Chakrabarti S, Sharma A, Grover S, Sachdeva D, Avasthi A Abstract To find technology-based solution to logistical difficulties in conducting group parent training for ADHD, this pilot study evaluated feasibility and acceptability of multi-point videoconferencing, wherein parents participated from homes or offices. Ten 90-minute weekly sessions were delivered using online videoconferencing platform. Most parents found videoconferencing quite useful, convenient, satisfactory and acceptable; and reported improved self-competency. Compared to face-to-face consultations, they perceived videoconferencing...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
Authors: Vandana P, Arnold E Abstract INTRODUCTION: A "holy grail" of treatment options for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been an agent with low abuse potential and peak-trough clinical effects, providing sustained therapeutic benefits throughout the day. One such agent, Dasotraline, a DA and NE reuptake inhibitor agent, was recently reviewed by the FDA. Areas covered: The authors completed a timely drug review using a Pub Med literature search using words "Dasotraline, ADHD" "stimulant, abuse" "atomoxetine, ADHD". FDA fact sheets of available medications w...
Source: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics - Category: Neurology Tags: Expert Rev Neurother Source Type: research
ConclusionThe ADHD symptoms were strongly associated with IA in ASD adolescents. More intensive prevention and intervention for IA are needed especially for the ASD adolescents with ADHD symptoms.
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
Trigeminal nerve stimulation (TNS) may be as effective in treating symptoms of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children as nonstimulant medications, according to a study in theJournal of the American Academy of Child&Adolescent Psychiatry. During treatment with TNS, a small stimulator powered by a 9-volt battery delivers a low current to patients through adhesive patches on their foreheads while they sleep. The current stimulates parts of the brain that are involved in concentration and impulse control.James J. McGough, M.D., of the Semal Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior and the David Ge...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: ADHD attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder James McGough Trigeminal nerve stimulation Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to evaluate the convergent and divergent validity of four diagnose categories generated by the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children - Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL). The diagnose categories were: anxiety, depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). The K-SADS-PL was applied in a clinical sample of youth aged 7-17 years (N = 269), who were participants in the Nordic long-term OCD-treatment study (NordLOTS). Youth and parents completed measures to evaluate symptoms of anxiety...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Young adolescents with SZ showed sensorimotor gating deficits similar to those usually found in adults with SZ and had larger startle magnitude than patients with other types of non-affective early-onset psychosis. No sensorimotor gating deficits were found in adolescents with ADHD. Our findings support the theory that deficient PPI is endophenotypic for SZ. PMID: 30873927 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
Abstract Underuse and overuse of medical interventions, failure to use interventions known to be effective, and provision of tests or interventions in which benefits do not exceed harms are types of low-value care. The Lown Institute's Right Care Alliance Children's Health Council identified five "do" recommendations that highlight underuse and five "don't" recommendations that highlight overuse in children's health care. The five "do" recommendations include: do provide access to long-acting reversible contraception for adolescents, do use nonpharmacologic interventions first for tre...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
Abstract The debates around the diagnosis and pharmacological treatment of Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have traditionally been approached from the perspective of the “ medicalization processes ” of children ’ s behaviour. However, this perspective tends to overlook the meanings of diagnosis and treatment of ADHD for children and their caregivers. The purpose of this article is to describe the discursive positions of children and their caregivers on the diagnosis and treatment of ADHD. In-depth interviews were conducted with seven Chilean children and their caregivers. The material ...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Abstract The purpose of this article is to describe the subjective experience of the diagnosis of Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and the cultural meanings that shape this experience. Based on interviews and discussion groups with diagnosed people and their families in Chile and France, this article show that ADHD can acquire multiple meanings. From a thematic analysis, we identified three registers or ways of living and thinking about ADHD. In the deficit register, the disorder is experienced primarily as a failure of certain abilities. In the disruption register, the disorder is experienced as disrupt...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
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