HIV-positive infants are at high risk for acquiring congenital cytomegalovirus infection

FINDINGSInfants born to HIV-positive mothers had high rates of congenital cytomegalovirus, or CMV. Infants who also were infected before birth by the virus that causes AIDS were especially prone to CMV infection.The researchers found that 23 percent of the infants who became infected with HIV during the mother ’s pregnancy also were infected with CMV; 18 percent who were infected with HIV either during pregnancy or birth acquired congenital CMV; and 4.9 percent who were exposed to HIV but remained uninfected with that virus also acquired congenital CMV.Overall, HIV-infected infants were four times as likely to have acquired congenital cytomegalovirus   infection compared to infants who were exposed to, but remained uninfected with, HIV. HIV-positive infants who were infected during the mothers’ pregnancy had a sixfold or greater chance of also acquiring congenital CMV. BACKGROUNDCytomegalovirus infects people of all ages. People with healthy immune systems usually do not exhibit symptoms, which include fever, sore throat, fatigue, swollen glands and, in those with weakened immune systems, more serious symptoms in the eyes, lungs, liver, esophagus and intestines. But it is also an often under-recognized cause of infant disease and illness, particularly hearing loss and developmental delay. While it is known that congenital CMV infection rates may be higher in HIV-exposed and HIV-infected infants compared to the general population, less is known about comp...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 5 June 2020Source: Journal of Thermal BiologyAuthor(s): Ciro A.S. Magalhães, Cornélio A. Zolin, Jorge Lulu, Luciano B. Lopes, Isabela V. Furtini, Laurimar G. Vendrusculo, Ana P.S.R. Zaiatz, Bruno C. Pedreira, José Ricardo Macedo Pezzopane
Source: Journal of Thermal Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Authors: Xu J, Zhang M, Turk EA, Zhang L, Grant E, Ying K, Golland P, Adalsteinsson E Abstract The performance and diagnostic utility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in pregnancy is fundamentally constrained by fetal motion. Motion of the fetus, which is unpredictable and rapid on the scale of conventional imaging times, limits the set of viable acquisition techniques to single-shot imaging with severe compromises in signal-to-noise ratio and diagnostic contrast, and frequently results in unacceptable image quality. Surprisingly little is known about the characteristics of fetal motion during MRI and here we pr...
Source: MICCAI International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention - Category: Radiology Tags: Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv Source Type: research
Sweden seesthird consecutive day of over 1,000 new cases; virus ‘under control ’ in France; Brazil death toll passes Italy; New York urges protesters to get testedWHO changes advice to back medical-grade masks for over-60sEU pledges to lift internal border controls by end of monthThe first wave of Covid-19 is not over – but how might a second look?Coronavirus lates: at a glanceSee all our coronavirus coverage8.01pmBSTEstoniahas developed an app that could serve as a digital “immunity passport”, allowing users with antibodies to show employers and others their reduced risk of spreading coronavi...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Coronavirus outbreak World news Science Infectious diseases Australia news UK news US news Microbiology Medical research Source Type: news
Conclusions: The findings suggest that psychosocial aspects can influence the perceived impact of oral health on quality of life. Health policies, programs, and services must recognize the mutual relationship between oral health indicators and psychosocial aspects among adults.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The positive association between better sanitation conditions and health, independently of the individual factors and the socioeconomic characteristics of the place of residence, confirms the need to consider sanitation in the planning of health policies.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: The findings indicate that gingivitis negatively impacts the adolescents ’ OHRQoL. Moreover, gender, maternal schooling and household income were also associated with OHRQoL.RESUMO: Introdu ção: Qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal (QVRSB) é afetada por diferentes condições clínicas. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o impacto da gengivite na QVRSB de adolescentes. Metodologia: Este estudo de coorte consistiu em uma amostra aleatória de 1.134 escolares iniciado em 2 012, na cidade de Santa Maria, Brasil. Após dois anos, 743 ad...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Worst indicators among women receiving BF reflect social inequalities inherent in this most vulnerable group. The study also shows that BF is being targeted at the most vulnerabl e women.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The Brazilian Portuguese version under study presented a different behavior from the original measurement tool, but proved to be a reliable and valid instrument in assessing the Brazilian population ’ s knowledge about HPV.RESUMO: Objetivo: Verificar a validade interna do construto da vers ão em português de uma ferramenta para aferir o conhecimento da população sobre o papilomavírus humano (HPV). Materiais e métodos: Uma versão brasileira transculturalmente adaptada de uma ferramenta de aferição de conhecimento sobre HPV originalmente projetad...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Thus, the results obtained in the NHS reinforce the planning of preventive strategies considering the functional dependence.RESUMO: Objetivo: O objetivo do estudo foi verificar a associa ção entre os tipos de dependência para as atividades básicas e instrumentais de vida diária e a ocorrência de quedas de idosos. Metodologia: Estudo transversal, de base populacional, com a utilização dos dados de 23.815 idosos, extraídos da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde (PNS) de 2013. A PNS , realizada pelo Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (I...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
RESUMO: Objetivos: Identificar a preval ência da doença renal crônica (DRC) autorreferida no Brasil e caracterizar os fatores associados a essa enfermidade. Métodos: Trata-se de um inquérito epidemiológico de base domiciliar, a Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde (PNS) realizada em 2013. O desfecho analisado foi a prevalência de DRC. Os grupos de variáveis explicativas foram: características sociodemográficas, estilos de vida, doenças crônicas autorreferidas, antropometria e avaliação de saúde. Foram estimadas as prevalê...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
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