Schoolchildren are being wrongly diagnosed with ADHD

Pupils are being wrongly diagnosed with ADHD and unnecessarily medicated, a study has warned. Younger pupils are more likely to be labelled as hyperactive, researchers claim.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 14 December 2018Source: Epilepsy &BehaviorAuthor(s): David W. DunnAbstractChild neurologists should provide initial care for the mental health problems of children and adolescents with epilepsy. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorders are common comorbidities of childhood epilepsy. The psychotropic drugs used to treat mental health disorders can be safely employed in children with seizures. Child neurologists can diagnose common behavioral problems, should be comfortable with first-line agents to treat common psychiatric illnesses, and should recogni...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
PURPOSE: To evaluate the associations between family structure, birth order, and aggressive behaviors among school-aged boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: We conducted a matched case-control study. Data were retriev...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
AbstractAttention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a developmental disorder affecting up to 5% of children and adults and is underdiagnosed in many European countries. The process of access to care for this disorder is complex and variable across countries. In general, those affected, or their caregiver, will seek help through their primary care practitioners who are then often responsible for referral to other professionals for diagnosis and provision of treatment. Previous studies have highlighted that many barriers to recognition exist in primary care settings (such as misconceptions, lack of education or lack o...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
The goal of this FOA is to support research that evaluates the effectiveness of augmented or modified interventions designed to promote enhanced and sustained improvement in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and functional impairments across settings and transitions throughout childhood, adolescence, and young adulthood.
Source: National Institute of Mental Health - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: news
The efficacy of parent-child training (PCT) regarding child symptoms may be reduced if the mother has attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The AIMAC study (ADHD in Mothers and Children) aimed to co...
Source: BMC Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Abstract Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a complex and heterogeneous disorder consisting of inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive behaviors. Although, the multidimensionality of ADHD is widely accepted, questions remain regarding the extent to which the components of this disorder are overlapping or distinct. Further, although the same measures are generally used to assess inattentive, hyperactive, and impulsive behaviors across childhood, it has been argued that the structure and measurement of inattentive, hyperactive, and impulsive behaviors may be susceptible to developmental influences. The...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research
Abstract Inhibition is a key neurocognitive domain in ADHD that is commonly assessed with the stop-signal task. The stop-signal involves both "go" and "stop" trials; previous research indicates that response times are reliably slower to "go" trials during tasks with vs. without intermittent "stop" trials. However, it is unclear whether this pattern reflects deliberate slowing to maximize inhibitory success (performance adjustment hypothesis) and/or disrupted bottom-up information processing due to increased cognitive demands (dual-task hypothesis). Given the centrality of &q...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur findings suggest fronto-subcortical functional networks are affected in children with ADHD, particularly girls, and relate to delay discounting. These results also provide preliminary evidence of greater disruptions in fronto-subcortical FC among girls with ADHD that is not due to elevated inattention symptom severity, intellectual reasoning ability, age, or head motion.
Source: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionFuture work in this domain should continue to leverage longitudinal evaluations of preterm infants which include both neuroimaging and detailed serial neurodevelopmental assessments to further characterize relationships between imaging measures and impairment, information necessary for advancing our understanding of modifiable risk factors underlying these disorders and best practices for improving neurodevelopmental trajectories in this high-risk clinical population.
Source: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: children with ADHD and anxiety disorder showed various altered cognitive skills, although group comparison revealed that children with ADHD exhibited worse cognitive performance.RESUMO Objetivo: comparar os aspectos de mem ória, aprendizagem e compreensão oral entre crianças com Transtorno do Déficit de Atenção e Hiperatividade - ADHD e com Transtorno de Ansiedade - AD. Métodos: participaram 32 crianças (7-10 anos) divididas em: G1 - diagnóstico de ADHD e G2 - diagnóstico de AD. No momento da aplicação de stes instrumentos as cr...
Source: Revista CEFAC - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
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