Acute non traumatic abdominal pain of small bowel origin: Can multi-detector CT enterography provide a potential contribution to the diagnosis of underlying causes?

ConclusionThe use of MDCTE may be of significant value in identifying the cause of acute abdominal pain of small bowel etiology, in determining disease activity in inflammatory causes and identifying the level and cause of obstruction in SBO.
Source: The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research

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Rationale: Esophagopleural fistula (EPF) is a rare critical life-threatening condition that features high misdiagnosis rate. Although various surgical and conservative techniques have been developed for the treatment of EPF, the mortality rate of EPF remains high. Patient concerns: An 81-year-old man with hepatic cirrhosis caused by schistosomiasis was admitted with upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Diagnoses: Upper endoscopy revealed bleeding large esophageal varices, and endoscopic injection sclerotherapy (EIS) was performed. Two weeks after the EIS was performed, the patient developed pyrexia, left-sided pleuriti...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
ConclusionHemobilia should be considered as a cause of upper GI bleeding and acute pancreatitis, especially if both are concurrent. Treatment is directed to the cause, with bleeding control and restoration of bile flow, which can be accomplished by a single minimally invasive surgery.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur results suggest a depth limit of 10.48  cm for the optimal prediction of operating time less than 90 min; although obese patients and deeper adrenal glands had longer operative time, LESS adrenalectomy could be performed in the obese patients without increased blood loss, prolonged hospital stay, or increased pain.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Rationale: Large bowel perforations by a foreign body are rarely diagnosed pre-operatively due to non-specific clinical symptoms. The safety and efficacy of foreign body removal via upper endoscopy is well-established and strongly recommended. There is far less experience of endoscopic treatment of sharp foreign bodies impacted in lower parts of gastrointestinal tract. Patient concerns: The patient was 78-year-old female with abdominal pain and nausea. Symptoms had begun 48 hours prior to hospital admission. She had lost over 10 kg of body weight in the previous couple of months Diagnosis: A multidetector-row c...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
ConclusionThe patient was successfully treated non-operatively with proton pump inhibitor therapy for her concomitant gastritis. Gastric Diverticula are often associated with other gastric findings and their individual contribution varies from case to case.DiscussionGastric Diverticula are the manifestation of a common condition in an unusual location. Their clinical implications vary from being insignificant to life threatening when complicated by haemorrhage, perforation or malignant transformation. The associated symptoms are non-specific and diagnosis may be challenging. The case highlights the importance of selecting ...
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionIn selected cases, endoscopic management is more cost-effective, minimally invasive, has less post-operative complications, and leads to a more expeditious recovery. Therefore, the role of therapeutic endoscopy for gastric perforations secondary to foreign bodies should always be considered.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionAs a conclusion, we recommend keeping in mind incidental finding of GIST during abdominal surgeries and especially Sleeve gastrectomy, in order to detect this tumor as earlier as possible and have a good prognosis with a low chance for recurrence.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
The aim of this work is to illustrate a transoral mini-invasive approach to safely remove elongated styloid process in Eagle syndrome. A 34-year-old Asian male came to our center referring pharyngeal and cervical pain on the right side on swallowing and opening the mouth. Computed tomography showed elongation of the right styloid process. Surgical removal was performed through endoscopy-assisted intraoral approach using a pituitary curette to perform dissection and piezosurgery for the osteotomy. Surgical intervention was completed in 25 minutes. Postoperative period was uneventful except for transient (12 hours) right fac...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Brief Clinical Studies Source Type: research
Conclusions: Ileac ectopic pancreas can be seen in the ileum wall or Meckel diverticulum. The majority of the lesions found in clinical practice present with abdominal pain, gastrointestinal bleeding, and anemia. Lesions in the ileum wall often cause ileoileal intussusception. Computed tomography, capsule endoscopy, and double-balloon enteroscopy are helpful preoperative examinations. Segmental small bowel resection is the treatment of choice.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
The patient had a Roux en Y gastric bypass two years ago and had presented to an outside hospital for increasing abdominal pain. The patient was evaluated in the ER and was evaluated with a CT scan which was read as normal with no obstruction. General Surgery was consulted and felt patient would be appropriate for a medical floor bed. Patient was admitted to the medicine service with presumed diagnosis of marginal ulcer, placed on PPI and pain medications and GI medicine consult was obtained. Gastroenterology agreed with PPI's and schdeuled pt for outpatient endoscopy after discharge.
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
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