Airbag deployment and cervical spine injury in restrained drivers following motor vehicle collisions

ConclusionAlthough it is without doubt that the combination of seatbelt and airbag reduces the frequency and severity of CSIs following MVCs, the CSIs sustained in restrained, airbag (+) drivers may not always be mild, and elderly drivers may be at an elevated risk of CSI. In addition, the possibility of a causal role of airbags in CSI requires consideration in this population.
Source: Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

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AbstractPurposeThe Spinal Cord Society constituted a panel tasked with reviewing the literature on the radiological evaluation of spinal trauma with or without spinal cord injury and recommend a protocol. This position statement provides recommendations for the use of each modality, i.e., radiographs (X-rays), computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), as well as vascular imaging, and makes suggestions on identifying or clearing spinal injury in trauma patients.MethodsPubMed was searched for the corresponding keywords from January 1, 1980, to August 1, 2017. A MEDLINE search was subsequently undertaken aft...
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Conclusion: Preliminary results showed that the restoration of rostral CSF flow might result in an effective ITB treatment in patients with an intrathecal obstruction. PMID: 31418647 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research
Conclusions: Closed reduction and casting is still a reliable treatment option in selected thoracolumbar fractures without spinal cord involvement. A correct fracture evaluation, patient compliance, and motivation are essentials. Level of evidence: IV.
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract The term SCIWORA (Spinal Cord Injury Without Radiographic Abnormality) indicates a clinically appreciable post-traumatic myelopathy in the absence of spinal column findings on radiographs and/or computed tomography (CT), but with pathologic findings at magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in approximately two-thirds of cases. Affecting mainly children younger than 8 years, SCIWORA has been, however, also described in adult patients, but, due to the uncertainty of classification and frequent co-morbidity, the term "adult SCIWORA" has generated controversy, and some debate is still active. In this art...
Source: Acta Bio-Medica : Atenei Parmensis - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Acta Biomed Source Type: research
Conclusions: Surgical treatment of upper thoracic spine fractures (T1-T6), although complex, is safe and effective. Reduction and fixation of these fractures decreases the risk of further neurological complications, allows for earlier mobilization, and correlates with shorter hospital LOS and improved outcomes. PMID: 30568846 [PubMed]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to determine the potential risk for atlantoaxial/atlanto-occipital instability2 in patients who underwent cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging of the head. The research was conducted at the Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology clinic of the University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine (Philadelphia, PA).Materials and MethodsAfter institutional review board approval, a preliminary study was performed on patients undergoing either preimplantation assessment of jaws or evaluation of atypical facial pain, and measurements were recorded. A total of 50 CBCT volumes were identified...
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Rationale: Spinal cord injuries could be catastrophic because they may result in severe neurovascular complications. Here, we present a case of thoracic spine-penetrating injury by a nail-gun. Patient concerns: A 60-year-old male presented to our emergency department with complaints of progressive right chest pain for 1 week that was preceded by back pain. He had a medical history of hypertension and denied any trauma history. He had alert consciousness and stable vital signs. He was a carpenter. Upon physical and neurological examination, no obvious wounds or vesicle formation were noted, and the patient was neurolog...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
ConclusionTransoral –posterior approach surgery is a safe and effective way to manage irreducible posterior atlantoaxial dislocation.
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
This study was conducted with the aim of determining the prevalence of TSCI in Tehran with emphasis on demographic characteristics of patients and to evaluate the effect of computed tomography (CT) in determining fracture type and severity grade of injury among TSCI patients. In a cross-sectional study, all TSCI and spinal fracture patients (N = 520) who referred to the main trauma center in Tehran, Iran, in 2013 and 2014 were selected. Radiography and CT scan were prepared and reported blindedly by two radiologists. Majority of the patients was 21–30 years male, married and their most common occupatio...
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThoracoscopic anterior stabilization leads to a high percentage of bony fusion in highly unstable thoracic and thoracolumbar fractures with limited post-operative loss of correction and no hardware failure. QOL of these patients does not return to normal population values but is comparable to that of patients with less severe fractures treated with solely posterior instrumentation.Graphical abstract These slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
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