Universal Lynch Syndrome Screening Should be Performed in All Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinomas
Lynch syndrome (LS) is defined by germline mutations in DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes, and affected patients are at high risk for multiple cancers. Reflexive testing for MMR protein loss by immunohistochemistry (IHC) is currently only recommended for colorectal and endometrial cancers, although upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) is the third-most common malignancy in patients with LS. To study the suitability of universal MMR IHC screening for UTUC, we investigated MMR expression and microsatellite status in UTUC in comparison to bladder UC (BUC), and evaluated the clinicopathologic features of UTUC. We found that 9% of UTUC showed MMR IHC loss (8 MSH6 alone; 1 MSH2 and MSH6; 1 MLH1 and PMS2; n=117) compared with 1% of BUC (1 MSH6 alone; n=160) (P=0.001). Of these, 4/10 (40%) of UTUC (3% overall; 3 MSH6 alone; 1 MLH1 and PMS2) and none (0%) of BUC had high microsatellite instability on molecular testing (P=0.03). The only predictive clinicopathologic feature for MMR loss was a personal history of colorectal cancer (P=0.0003). However, UTUC presents at a similar age to colon carcinoma in LS and thus UTUC may be the sentinel event in some patients. Combining our results with those of other studies suggests that 1% to 3% of all UTUC cases may represent LS-associated carcinoma. LS accounts for 2% to 6% of both colorectal and endometrial cancers. As LS likely accounts for a similar percentage of UTUC, we suggest that reflexive MMR IHC screening followed by microsatellite in...
The purpose of this study was to explore the difference in clinical outcome of 2-strand and 4-strand flexor tendon repairs in a single unit in adult population. A total of 109 complete divisions of a single flexor tendon were analyzed from 2016 to 2018 retrospectively. Thirty flexor tendons were repaired with 2-strand and 79 tendons were repaired with 4-strand technique. There was no significant difference in the complication rate including rupture, infection, and adhesions. These results support that 4-strand is not superior than 2-strand and that lower volume type of repair would be preferable.
Conclusion Based on photogrammetry, primary cleft nasal correction in our patients with unilateral cleft lip achieved acceptable and stable outcomes during early childhood.
Conclusions Overall, a majority of patients recovered well postoperatively with minimal complications and low rate of reoperation. Our research provides a foundation to develop a risk-stratified approach to determine the need for an ICU admission or early transfer to floor care.
Conclusions: Our primary study suggests that PSMC2 might be involved in the progression of pancreatic cancer and may serve as a potential therapeutic target.
Conclusion: We confirmed the distinct STING expression in CRC and demonstrated its independent prognostic value in survival outcomes. STING could be a potential therapeutic target that enhances anti-cancer immune response in CRC.
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Synaptotagmin12 (SYT12) has been well characterized as the regulator of transmitter release in the nervous system, however the relevance and molecular mechanisms of SYT12 in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) are not understood. In the current study, we investigated the expression of SYT12 and its molecular biological functions in OSCC by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, immunoblot analysis, and immunohistochemistry. SYT12 were up-regulated significantly in OSCC-derived cell lines and primary OSCC tissue compared with the normal counterparts (P
Conclusions: TGFBI overexpression can promote OSCC and is associated with poor prognosis in OSCC patients. TGFBI knockout can inhibit cell proliferation and metastasis in vivo. TGFBI may alter cell responses to bacteria, which causes an imbalance in the immune inflammatory response and promotes the development of OSCC.
Overexpression of AKR1B10 correlated with tumorigenesis of many human malignancies; however, the prognostic value of AKR1B10 expression in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) still remains controversial. In this analysis, AKR1B10 expression in HCC tumors were evaluated in GEO, TCGA and Oncomine databases, and a survival analysis of AKR1B10 based on TCGA profile was performed. We found that AKR1B10 was significantly overexpressed in tumors compared with nontumors in 7 GEO series (GSE14520, GSE25097, GSE33006, GSE45436, GSE55092, GSE60502, GSE77314) and TCGA profile (all P
RBP7 is a member of the cellular retinol-binding protein (CRBP) family and previous data suggested a link between CRBPs and the malignant transformation of colon cancer cells. Here, we investigated the potential of RBP7 as a predictive biomarker for patients with colon cancer and determined its functional relevance for tumor progression. We analyzed RBP7 protein and mRNA expression in independent tissue collections of colon cancers with recorded follow-up data, including data from TCGA. We used gene set enrichment analyses to characterize its functional role. Effects of RBP7 on migration and invasion were determined in tra...