4.2 What ’s New in Substance Use Disorders and ADHD in Adolescents and Adults?

The goal of this session is to review articles chosen by the Lifelong Learning Committee that address current concepts and understanding in the following areas: 1) diagnosis of ADHD in adults; 2) longer-term course of ADHD and its relationship to treatment; 3) facilitating youth who have had special education into adulthood; and 4) novel substances of misuse in adolescents.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: This study suggests a higher prevalence of ADHD medication use amongst the PR medical student sample compared to findings reported of US medical students, as well as a high prevalence related to nonmedical use as a means for medical students to cope with their training. The nonmedical use of stimulants in the medical school setting remains of utmost public health and clinical concern. The results of this study could help develop proper workshops and non-pharmacological techniques to help medical students cope with their workload. PMID: 31536633 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: P R Health Sci J Source Type: research
FRIDAY, Sept. 20, 2019 -- Women who suffer from anemia early in pregnancy are at risk for having a child with autism, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and intellectual disabilities, a study by Swedish researchers suggests. The study...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news
Publication date: October 2019Source: European Psychiatry, Volume 62Author(s): Ahmed Naguy, Mohamed S Hashem, Sulaiman AlKhadhar
Source: European Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Childress AC, Chow H Abstract Introduction: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurobehavioral disorder known to respond to amphetamine (AMPH). Multiple AMPH formulations have been developed during the past two decades and have focused mainly on extending the duration of effect. AMPH extended-release oral suspension, Dyanavel XR, (AMPH EROS) was developed to address the unmet needs of patients who have difficulty swallowing intact extended-release (ER) tablets and capsules. Areas covered: The pharmacokinetic profile of the AMPH EROS in children and adults is discussed along with th...
Source: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol Source Type: research
Abstract Pharmaceuticals which originally were designed to treat people with neurological and psychiatric conditions, e.g. Alzheimer's disease or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), are nowadays often misused by students as a 'brain doping' substances. These substances are known as nootropic drugs, smart drugs or cognitive enhancers, as they increase memory, attention and concentration of healthy individuals. Since they are easily available illicitly, their consumption is observed to be growing. Currently, these pharmaceuticals started gaining researchers' attention, especially since they have been re...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
ConclusionOur panoramic meta-overview suggests that exercise can be an effective adjunctive treatment for improving symptoms across a broad range of mental disorders.
Source: Sports Medicine - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
Conditions:   Healthy;   CVA;   Hemorrhage;   TBI (Traumatic Brain Injury);   Concussion, Brain;   Fibromyalgia;   ABD;   Adhd;   Dementia;   Mci;   Cognitive Impairment;   Cognitive Decline;   MS (Multiple Sclerosis) Intervention:   Other: No intervention, this is a retrospective study. Sponsor:   QuantalX Neuroscience Active, not recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
This article provides an exhaustive description of a new short computerized test to assess on a second-to-second basis the ability of individuals to « stay on task », that is, to apply selectively and repeatedly task-relevant cognitive processes. The task (Bron/Lyon Attention Stability Test, or BLAST) lasts around 1 min, and measures repeatedly the time to find a target letter in a two-by-two letter array, with an update of all letters every new trial across thirty trials. Several innovative psychometric measures of attention stability are proposed based on the instantaneous fluctuations of reaction times...
Source: Neuropsychologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
It makes perfect sense to me that employers would be very enthusiastic aboutbehavioral health as a component of their corporate wellness programs. The term is defined in the following way (see:Defining Behavioral Health):Behavioral health is the scientific study of the emotions, behaviors and biology relating to a person ’s mental well-being, their ability to function in every day life and their concept of self.“Behavioral health” is the preferred term to “mental health.” A person struggling with his or her behavioral health may face stress, depression, anxiety, relationship problems, grief, a...
Source: Lab Soft News - Category: Laboratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Healthcare Delivery Healthcare Information Technology Healthcare Innovations Medical Consumerism Population Health Preventive Medicine Public Health Telemedicine Source Type: blogs
Abstract Chromosome conformation capture methods have revealed the dynamics of genome architecture which is spatially organized into topologically associated domains, with gene regulation mediated by enhancer-promoter pairs in chromatin space. New evidence shows that endogenous hormones and several xenobiotics act within circumscribed topological domains of the spatial genome, impacting subsets of the chromatin contacts of enhancer-gene promoter pairs in cis and trans Results from the National Institutes of Health-funded PsychENCODE project and the study of chromatin remodeling complexes have converged to provide ...
Source: Pharmacological Reviews - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Pharmacol Rev Source Type: research
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