Physical activity: the key to cardiometabolic risk reduction in obstructive sleep apnoea
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a prevalent sleep disorder, with recent estimates reporting prevalence ranging between 3% and 17% for moderate-severe OSA depending on age and sex .
ConclusionsThe rate of AF recurrence might not be greater in patients with untreated OSA than in those without OSA and those with treated OSA after repeated PVI, using a contact force –sensing catheter, for patients with paroxysmal or short-term persistent AF.
Innovation Factory ’s Alaa Chalabi talks using wearables to detect sleep disorders and snoring habits at WISH in Doha, Qatar last week.
AbstractUpper airway stimulation is a new and effective second ‐line treatment for obstructive sleep apnea, but possible consequences on glucose metabolism and central regulation of food intake are unclear. Twenty patients were prospectively studied before and 12 months after obstructive sleep apnea treatment by upper airway stimulation. Respiratory paramet ers and daytime sleepiness were assessed to document effectiveness of treatment. Glucose metabolism was assessed by the oral glucose tolerance test, and hedonic versus homeostatic drive to eat was characterized. At 12 months, upper airway stimulation significantly...
Conclusions: The effectiveness of CPAP is modest in younger patients. Long-term effectiveness is limited in older patients and in patients with heart disease (CHD or CHF). PMID: 30443423 [PubMed]
Respiratory problems are common in Morquio ‐A syndrome (MPS IVA) but objective data on sleep‐disordered breathing are scarce. The aim of our study was to review polygraphic (PG) findings and the need for noninvasive continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in children with MPS IVA. A retrospective revie w of the clinical charts and PG of 16 consecutive children (7 boys, mean age 10.5 ± 4.2 years) with MPS IVA seen over a period of 3 years was performed. The prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) was 69% with only five patients, all younger than 10 years old, ...
ConclusionsThe current study indicates that a history of OSAS/CSAS, myocardial infarction and BMI > 30 might be related to ICU admission in influenza patients. Second, ICU patients develop more pulmonary co-infections. Last, (pre-existent) renal failure and diabetes mellitus are more often observed in non-survivors.
[Reprint of : Management of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in people living with diabetes: context, screening, indications and treatment modalities: context, screening, indications and treatment modalities: a French position statement]. Rev Mal Respir. 2018 Nov 11;: Authors: Borel AL, Tamisier R, Böhme P, Priou P, Avignon A, Benhamou PY, Hanaire H, Pépin JL, Kessler L, Valensi P, Darmon P, Gagnadoux F PMID: 30429090 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: Among the three questionnaires, the STOP-B was revealed as the most useful screening tool for OSA in terms of sensitivity, specificity, and area under the receiver-operator characteristic curve in the population of South Korea. PMID: 30448963 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2018Source: Respiratory Physiology &NeurobiologyAuthor(s): Rajat K. Das, Kate B. Herr, Anjum Parkar, Leszek KubinAbstractHypoglossal (XII) motoneurons are activated by type 2 receptors for serotonin (5-HT). This activation is especially strong during wakefulness which facilitates diverse motor functions of the tongue, including the maintenance of upper airway patency in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients. We tested whether 5-HT2 receptor levels in the XII nucleus vary with intensity of tongue use. Three groups of rats were housed overnight under conditions of increasin...
Conditions: Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome; Adeno-amygdala Hypertrophy; Snoring Intervention: Behavioral: smartphone homemade video Sponsor: University Hospital, Clermont-Ferrand Not yet recruiting