Physical activity as a moderator for obstructive sleep apnoea and cardiometabolic risk in the EPISONO study

In this study we aimed to examine the incidence of OSA in relation to physical activity, and its role as a protective factor in individuals with OSA on the incidence of cardiometabolic diseases, in an 8–9-year follow-up study. We analysed data of 658 volunteers from the São Paulo Epidemiologic Sleep Study (EPISONO), a cohort study of individuals aged 20–80 years, collected through polysomnography, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and an assessment of cardiometabolic profile. Active subjects had a lower risk of developing OSA compared with nonactive subjects (relative risk 0.877, 95% CI 0.296–0.855) and there was a reduced risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus in active/apnoeic subjects (relative risk 0.493, 95% CI 0.252–0.961) compared with nonactive subjects. Metabolic equivalent was negatively associated to cardiometabolic markers, such as C-reactive protein (exp(B)=0.720; p=0.001), interleukin-6 (exp(B)=0.991; p=0.03), insulin (exp(B)=0.982; p=0.03), triglycerides (exp(B)=0.997; p
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Articles: Sleep apnoea Source Type: research

Related Links:

The Diabetes Sleep Treatment Trial (DSTT) is a multi-site, double-blinded, randomized, sham-controlled trial. The study objective is to test whether treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment results in improved glycemic control and diabetes self-management behavior compared to participants on a sham-CPAP (sub-therapeutic) device in participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and co-morbid OSA. The purpose of this paper is to describe the premise for the DSTT, the study design, and the methodology used in this on-going trial.
Source: Contemporary Clinical Trials - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
Catheter ablation (CA) is much more effective in reducing symptoms and rhythm control compared to anti-arrhythmic drugs and recommended as a first-line treatment for patients with symptomatic atrial fibrillation (AF) [1]. In spite of the ever-increasing evidences on benefits of CA, AF recurrence is common post CA and fewer AF patients are willing to accept ablation treatment in the clinical practice, which need to be taken consideration by the physicians before making the decision. Many clinical diseases or factors such as hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, untreated obstructive sleep apnea, metabolic syndrome, chroni...
Source: International Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
This study aimed to explore the association between thyroid dysfunction and OSA in the adults with prediabetes or diabetes mellitus type 2, who have very high prevalence of OSA. METHODS: OSA was assessed using an in-home monitoring device, WatchPAT200. OSA severity was measured using apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), oxygen desaturation index (ODI), minimum oxygen saturation (minO2), and time spent under oxygen saturation
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS:: This pilot study confirms that the majority of patients diagnosed with Shar Pei larynx also had diagnoses of obesity, obstructive sleep apnea, and reflux disease. The demonstrated association is strong enough to warrant further study. PMID: 30403146 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol Source Type: research
Publication date: November 2018Source: Pharmacological Research, Volume 137Author(s): D. Visca, P. Pignatti, A. Spanevello, E. Lucini, E. La RoccaAbstractDiabetes is a common metabolic disorder affecting the entire body with high morbidity and mortality worldwide. The major complications related to diabetes are mostly due to the macrovascular and microvascular bed impairment due to metabolic, hemodynamic and inflammatory factors. However, studies over the past decades have added also the lung as a target organ in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Diabetes has always been addressed as a major comorbidity conditioning the dis...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This article will review the effectiveness of bariatric procedures on the remission and improvement of diabetes and its implicated mechanisms. PMID: 30298760 [PubMed]
Source: Expert Review of Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2018Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): D. Visca, P. Pignatti, A. Spanevello, E. Lucini, E. La RoccaAbstractDiabetes is a common metabolic disorder affecting the entire body with high morbidity and mortality worldwide. The major complications related to diabetes are mostly due to the macrovascular and microvascular bed impairment due to metabolic, hemodynamic and inflammatory factors. However, studies over the past decades have added also the lung as a target organ in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Diabetes has always been addressed as a major comorbidity conditioning t...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Journal of Prosthodontics, EarlyView.
Source: Journal of Prosthodontics - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Al-Khadra Y, Darmoch F, Alkhatib M, Baibars M, Alraies MC Abstract Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a known risk factor for atrial fibrillation (AF) that is principally driven by left atrial enlargement. The impact of hypoventilation caused by obesity-induced hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) on left atrial diameter has not been examined. We investigated the association between OHS and left atrial diameter in obese patients. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of 210 consecutive medical records of patients diagnosed as obese (body mass index [BMI]>30 kg/m2) and as having OHS and OS...
Source: Ochsner Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Ochsner J Source Type: research
Journal of Diabetes, EarlyView.
Source: Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research
More News: Cardiology | Diabetes | Diabetes Mellitus | Diabetes Type 2 | Endocrinology | Epidemiology | Heart | Insulin | Obstructive Sleep Apnea | Respiratory Medicine | Sleep Disorders | Sleep Medicine | Study