Pneumonia-causing bacteria can be spread by nose picking and rubbing

This study is the first to show that transmission can occur via contact between the nose and the hands after exposure to pneumococcus bacteria.
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

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ConclusionNo significant difference was found in the clinical manifestations, mortality, and complication between children and adults but children tended to have lesser chance of using alternative antibiotics, methylprednisolone and inhaled NO. The chance of associated cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease was also significantly lower in children.
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Condition:   Childhood Pneumonia Intervention:   Diagnostic Test: Recording lung sound by a Smartscope Sponsors:   University of Edinburgh;   Projahnmo Research Foundation Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusion: Physicians in our country should carefully pay attention to respiratory tract infections and pneumonia, particularly in patients with a positive family history. Further investigations are required for detection of new genes and pathways resulting in HIGM phenotype.Int Arch Allergy Immunol
Source: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Authors: Reis MO, Souza FR, Albuquerque AS, Monteiro F, Oliveira LFDS, Raymundo DL, Wouters F, Wouters ATB, Peconick AP, Varaschin MS Abstract Trypanosomiasis is caused by a pathogenic protozoan of the genus Trypanosoma, being Trypanosoma vivax the most important agent for cattle. The aim of the present study was to demonstrate the expansion of T. vivax infection in different mesoregions of Minas Gerais, Brazil, and describe the clinicopathological findings of trypanosomiasis in cattle. The diagnosis was based on visualization of the parasite in blood smears and DNA detection of T. vivax in the blood of live cows a...
Source: Korean Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Tags: Korean J Parasitol Source Type: research
This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02550873, and with EudraCT, number 2014-004782-24.FindingsOf 116 patients who completed the double-blind treatment period, 111 entered the open-label extension study (74 from the PRM-151 group and 37 from the placebo group). 84 (76%) of 111 patients received concomitant IPF therapy (pirfenidone n=55 or nintedanib n=29). AEs were consistent with long-term IPF sequelae. 31 (28%) patients had serious AEs. Those occurring in two or more patients were pneumonia (six [5%] of 111), IPF exacerbation (four [4%]), IPF progression (four [4%]), and chest pain (two [2%]). 21 (...
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: June 2019Source: The Lancet Neurology, Volume 18, Issue 6Author(s): Adam L Boxer, Irfan Qureshi, Michael Ahlijanian, Michael Grundman, Lawrence I Golbe, Irene Litvan, Lawrence S Honig, Paul Tuite, Nikolaus R McFarland, Padraig O'Suilleabhain, Tao Xie, Giridhar S Tirucherai, Clifford Bechtold, Yvette Bordelon, David S Geldmacher, Murray Grossman, Stuart Isaacson, Theresa Zesiewicz, Tina Olsson, Kumar Kandadi MuralidharanSummaryBackgroundProgressive supranuclear palsy is a rare neurodegenerative disease associated with dysfunctional tau protein. BIIB092 is a humanised monoclonal antibody that binds to N-ter...
Source: The Lancet Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn acutely-ill patients who developed enterobacterial VAP the causative pathogen gained access to the oropharynx early after starting mechanical ventilation and outgrew the commensal members of the microbiome. Whether a specific pattern of the oropharyngeal microbiome between days three to five of mechanical ventilation may predict VAP enterobacterial VAP has to be evaluated in further studies.
Source: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Conclusion: PVL expression is high among clinical S. aureus strains among Gambian patients. Reporting of PVL-SA clinical infections is necessary to enable the monitoring of the clinical impact of these strains in the population and guide prevention of the spread of virulent PVL-positive CA-MRSA strains.
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Among the major drivers of the Antimicrobial Resistance crisis is the misuse and overuse of antibiotics in livestock and feed. Credit: Germán Miranda/IPS. By Tharanga YakupitiyageUNITED NATIONS, May 21 2019 (IPS) Antimicrobial resistance is quickly becoming a global crisis and risks reversing a century of progress in health. Some organisations have already geared up and are tackling the issue from its roots. In a new report, the United Nations Interagency Coordination Group (IACG) on Antimicrobial Resistance estimates that antibiotic resistance could cause 10 million deaths each year by 2050. Already, drug-resistan...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Development & Aid Featured Global Headlines Health IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse North America Regional Categories Sustainability TerraViva United Nations Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) WHO Source Type: news
Conclusions: Sustaining change requires (a) a continued team-based, collaborative approach, (b) ongoing stakeholder and executive leadership engagement, (c) monitoring that easy-to-use protocols and required equipment remain in place, and (d) embedded analytics to monitor results over a prolonged period.
Source: Journal of Nursing Care Quality - Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research
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