Maternal levels of growth differentiation factor-15 in patients with preeclampsia.

CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest GDF-15 increased as a response to endothelial injury caused by cytokines triggered by preeclampsia. PMID: 30295110 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Hypertension in Pregnancy - Category: OBGYN Tags: Hypertens Pregnancy Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 17 October 2019Source: Canadian Journal of DiabetesAuthor(s): Alexandra Pouliot, Riham Elmahboubi, Catherine AdamAbstractBackgroundAt one Canadian university hospital, pregnant women have been routinely screened for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) with a 75g OGTT. Diagnostic plasma glucose thresholds were: fasting: ≥5.3mmol/l, 1-hr: ≥10.6mmol/l or 2-hr: ≥9.0mmol/l. In 2015, diagnostic thresholds were reduced to those recommended by the International Diabetes in Pregnancy Study Group (IADPSG): fasting ≥ 5.1mmol/l, 1-hr ≥10.0mmol/l or 2-hr ≥8.5mmol/l. However, subseque...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Authors: D'Anna R, Santamaria A, Alibrandi A, Corrado F, DI Benedetto A, Facchinetti F Abstract Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is one of the most frequent complications of pregnancy and is characterized by a carbohydrate intolerance which is diagnosed with the oral glucose tolerance test. The prevalence of GDM in our population is about 12%, but risk factors like a previous GDM, ethnicity, a parent with diabetes mellitus type 2 and maternal overweight may increase its occurrence. Complications of GDM are a pre-term birth (before 37 wk gestation), macrosomia (birth weight ≥4 kg) and gestational hypertension....
Source: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology - Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo) Source Type: research
AbstractAims/hypothesisHypertensive disorders are prevalent among pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes, but the prevalence and impact of white coat hypertension are unknown. Measurement of home BP before initiation of antihypertensive treatment is necessary to identify white coat hypertension since international guidelines recommend that white coat hypertension is left untreated. The aim of this study, conducted among women with pre-existing diabetes, was therefore to examine the prevalence of white coat hypertension in early pregnancy, and pregnancy outcome in women with white coat hypertension in early pregnancy.Met...
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
In this study, AT1-AAs were detected in the sera of patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and the positive rate was 44.44% vs. 17.46% in non-PAD volunteers. In addition, analysis showed that AT1-AAs level was positively correlated with PAD. To reveal the causal relationship between AT1-AAs and vascular aging, an AT1-AAs-positive rat model was established by active immunization. The carotid pulse wave velocity was higher, and the aortic endothelium-dependent vasodilatation was attenuated significantly in the immunized rats. Morphological staining showed thickening of the aortic wall. Histological examination showe...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Medicine, Biotech, Research Source Type: blogs
AbstractA massive but asymptomatic left subclavian artery pseudoaneurysm was diagnosed in a 30-year-old female patient with transposition of the great arteries, ventricular septal defect, and pulmonary atresia. After undergoing bilateral modified Blalock –Taussig shunts at the age of 4 months and 3 years, respectively, she underwent the Rastelli operation and division of both shunts at the age of 6 years of age. The pseudoaneurysm was not discovered at the follow-up investigation at age 14. During the time period from age 18 to 30 years, she w as lost to follow-up, she was confirmed to be free fro...
Source: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: Pregnancy Hypertension, Volume 18Author(s): Laura A. Magee, Evelyne Rey, Elizabeth Asztalos, Eileen Hutton, Joel Singer, Michael Helewa, Terry Lee, Alexander G. Logan, Wessel Ganzevoort, Ross Welch, Jim G. Thornton, Peter von DadelszenAbstractThe international CHIPS Trial (Control of Hypertension In Pregnancy Study) enrolled 987 women with chronic (75%) or gestational (25%) hypertension. Pre-eclampsia developed in 48%; women remained on their allocated BP control and delivered an average of two weeks later. ‘Less tight’ control (target diastolic BP 100 mmHg) achieved BP t...
Source: Pregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Womens Cardiovascular Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
ConclusionsFindings from this study indicate that foetal rs5707 polymorphisms may play a significant role in PE/E development, especially among overweight or obese pregnant women in China.
Source: Pregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Womens Cardiovascular Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis is the first randomised investigation of BP self-monitoring for the management of pregnancy hypertension and indicates that a large RCT would be feasible.
Source: Pregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Womens Cardiovascular Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: Pregnancy Hypertension, Volume 18Author(s): Daniela A. Pereira, Valéria C. Sandrim, Ana C.T. Palei, Jose E. Tanus-Santos, Vanessa A. Belo, Ricardo C. Cavalli, Marcelo R. LuizonAbstractNAMPT is a biomarker for endothelial dysfunction, but its relationship with nitrite (marker of NO formation) and soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFLT-1) has not been previously evaluated in preeclampsia. Therefore, we measured plasma NAMPT and sFLT-1 levels using enzyme immunoassays and plasma nitrite concentrations using an ozone-based chemiluminescence assay. NAMPT was positively correlated t...
Source: Pregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Womens Cardiovascular Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur results support a slight but significant association between gestational hypertension or preeclampsia and decreased likelihood of male delivery.
Source: Pregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Womens Cardiovascular Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
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