Heart–Kidney Interactions in Cardiorenal Syndrome Type 1

Publication date: September 2018Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease, Volume 25, Issue 5Author(s): Alberto Palazzuoli, Gaetano RuoccoThe exact significance of kidney function deterioration during acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) episodes is still under debate. Several studies reported a wide percentage of worsening renal function (WRF) in ADHF patients ranging from 20% to 40%. This is probably because of different populations enrolled with different baseline kidney and cardiac function, varying definition of acute kidney injury (AKI), etiology of kidney dysfunction (KD), and occurrence of transient or permanent KD over the observational period. Current cardiorenal syndrome classification does not distinguish among the mechanisms leading to cardiac and renal deterioration. Cardiorenal syndrome type 1 (CRS-1) is the result of a combination of neurohormonal activation, fluid imbalance, arterial underfilling, increased renal and abdominal pressure, and aggressive decongestive treatment. A more complete mechanistic approach to CRS-1 should include evaluation of baseline kidney function, timing, course and magnitude of KD, and introduction of specific biomarkers able to identify early kidney damage. Therefore, clinical and laboratory parameters may yield a different combination among predisposing, precipitating, and amplifying factors that may influence cardiorenal syndrome development. Thus, CRS-1 is a heterogeneous syndrome that needs to be better defined and catego...
Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

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Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Steroidal mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) are recommended for the treatment of heart failure (HF) and resistant hypertension, both common comorbidities in patients with diabetes and chronic kidne...
Source: BMC Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Bardoxolone methyl attenuates inflammation by inducing Nrf2 and suppressing NF- κB. The Bardoxolone Methyl Evaluation in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease and Type 2 Diabetes (BEACON) trial was a phase 3 placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, international, multicenter trial in 2185 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and stage 4 chronic kidney dis ease. BEACON was terminated because of safety concerns, largely related to a significant increase in early heart failure events in patients randomized to bardoxolone methyl.
Source: Kidney International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Clinical Trial Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn patients with CKD, while the risk factors of major cardiac events differ between in patients with and without diabetes, quantitation with gated MPI could be used effectively in both groups.
Source: Annals of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionPreeclamptic women with risk factors for PPCM and women with pePPCM at increased risk of MACE should be followed closely. Further studies are required to determine whether preeclampsia affects the long-term prognosis of women with PPCM.
Source: Pregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Womens Cardiovascular Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Authors: Mancusi C, Losi MA, Izzo R, Gerdts E, Canciello G, Arnone MI, Trimarco B, de Simone G, De Luca N Abstract OBJECTIVES: Increased arterial stiffness is associated with advanced arteriosclerosis, abnormal left ventricular (LV) geometry and function. Whether increased arterial stiffness is associated with incident cardiovascular (CV) event (MACE), independent of other markers of target organ damage needs to be clarified. METHODS: We selected hypertensive participants of the Campania Salute Network free of prevalent CV disease, with available echocardiogram and carotid ultrasound, ejection fraction ≥50%,...
Source: Blood Pressure - Category: Hematology Tags: Blood Press Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The majority of outpatient cTn orders were intended to evaluate for MI, although electrocardiograms were frequently not ordered and few patients were sent for further ED evaluation. Providers should be encouraged to use cTn testing in a manner that minimizes the potential risk to patients with possible MI. PMID: 31050800 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Southern Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: South Med J Source Type: research
Authors: Chrysant SG, Chrysant GS Abstract Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, heart failure, chronic kidney disease and stroke. Therefore, its early detection and treatment are very important according to blood pressure (BP) treatment guidelines issued by the various scientific societies. Over the years, BP treatment guidelines have changed from strict control of BP to more relaxed control, and lately to a strict BP control influenced by the results of the SPRINT trial. The recently published BP treatment guidelines by the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/A...
Source: Drugs of Today - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drugs Today (Barc) Source Type: research
Hui-Min Liu1,2, Qin Hu3, Qiang Zhang4, Guan-Yue Su5, Hong-Mei Xiao1,2, Bo-Yang Li1,2, Wen-Di Shen1,2, Xiang Qiu1,2, Wan-Qiang Lv1,2 and Hong-Wen Deng1,2,6* 1Center of System Biology and Data Information, School of Basic Medical Science, Central South University, Changsha, China 2Center of Reproductive Health, School of Basic Medical Science, Central South University, Changsha, China 3Kangda College of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China 4College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China 5Institute of Biomedical Engineering, West China School of Basic Medical Sciences and Forensic Medicine, ...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Publication date: May 2019Source: JACC: Heart Failure, Volume 7, Issue 5Author(s): Aaron M. Hein, Julia J. Scialla, Daniel Edmonston, Lauren B. Cooper, Adam D. DeVore, Robert J. MentzAbstractLarge randomized clinical trials (RCT) supporting guidelines for the management of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) have typically excluded patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD). Patients with concomitant advanced CKD and HFrEF experience poor cardiovascular outcomes and mortality relative to either disease in isolation and have been shown to consistently receive lower rates of HFrEF guideline-directed...
Source: JACC: Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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