Prevalence of low bone mass and changes in vitamin D levels in human immunodeficiency virus-infected adults unexposed to antiretrovirals

CONCLUSIONS: Our study population presented with compromised bone health and with low bone mineral density and 25-(OH)-vitamin D levels.
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Journal of Genetics and GenomicsAuthor(s): Chengqi Wang, Justin Gibbons, Swamy R. Adapa, Jenna Oberstaller, Xiangyun Liao, Min Zhang, John H. Adams, Rays H.Y. Jiang
Source: Journal of Genetics and Genomics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Molecular MetabolismAuthor(s): Eric Lontchi-Yimagou, Sona Kang, Akankasha Goyal, Kehao Zhang, Jee Y. You, Michelle Carey, Swati Jain, Shobhit Bhansali, Sylvia Kehlenbrink, Peng Guo, Evan Rosen, Preeti Kishore, Meredith Hawkins
Source: Molecular Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Authors: Abdeta D, Kebede N, Giday M, Terefe G, Abay SM Abstract Microbial resistance to the few conventional antitrypanosomal drugs, increasing resistance of vectors to insecticides, lack of effective vaccines, and adverse effects of the existing antitrypanosomal drugs justify the urgent need for effective, tolerable, and affordable drugs. We assessed antitrypanosomal effects of the hydromethanolic extract of Echinops kebericho Mesfin roots against Trypanosoma congolense field isolate using in vitro and in vivo techniques. Parasite load, packed cell volume (PCV), body weight, and rectal temperature in Swiss albino...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study demonstrates that the crude extract of A. hispidum DC, one of the plants used traditionally to treat malaria, inhibits the growth of P. falciparum in vitro and could be a potential source of antimalarial drug. The report has highlighted genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of the selected plant extracts on human leukocytes as well. PMID: 33029160 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
(Nagoya University) Using the model Orobanchaceae parasitic plant Phtheirospermum japonicum, scientists have discerned the molecular mechanisms underlying plant parasitism and cross-species grafting, pinpointing enzymeβ-1,4-glucanase (GH9B3) as an important contributor to both phenomena. Targeting this enzyme may help control plant parasitism in crops.
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: news
Authors: Gau JT, Ebersbacher C, Kao TC Abstract Context: Subclinical features of zinc deficiency can be challenging to recognize. The prevalence of zinc deficiency based on blood zinc concentration in an adult outpatient clinic setting has not been well-studied. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of low serum zinc concentrations among community-dwelling adults, and to characterize clinical features and risk factors associated with zinc deficiency. Methods: This retrospective pilot prevalence study took place from 2014 to 2017 at an outpatient clinic in southeast Ohio. Patients aged 50 years or older with...
Source: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: J Am Osteopath Assoc Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of reviewAtrial fibrillation is the commonest sustained arrhythmia in rheumatic heart disease and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. In this review, we discuss its epidemiology, natural course and management with special emphasis on recent developments in understanding and treatment of atrial fibrillation in rheumatic heart disease.Recent findingsUse of direct oral anticoagulants appears promising, especially in developing countries where regular coagulation monitoring is a challenge. Also, restoration and maintenance of sinus rhythm in rheumatic atrial fibrillation appear feasible and ...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: November 2020Source: Molecular Immunology, Volume 127Author(s): Krisna Moorthi Periyasamy, Uma Devi Ranganathan, Srikanth Prasad Tripathy, Ramalingam Bethunaickan
Source: Molecular Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
The targeting of proinflammatory pathways has a prophylactic and therapeutic potential on atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (CVD). An alternative/complementary strategy is the promotion of endogenous atheroprotective mechanisms that are impaired during atherosclerosis progression, such as the activity of tolerogenic dendritic cells (tolDC) and regulatory T cells (Treg). There is a need to develop novel low cost, safe and effective tolDC/Treg-inducing formulations that are atheroprotective and that can be of easy translation into clinical settings. We found that apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE–/–) mice tr...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Izabella Pereira da Silva Bezerra1†, Gabriel Oliveira-Silva1†, Danielle Sophia Ferreira Santos Braga1, Mirian França de Mello1, Juliana Elena Silveira Pratti1, Joyce Carvalho Pereira1, Alessandra Marcia da Fonseca-Martins1, Luan Firmino-Cruz1, Diogo Maciel-Oliveira1, Tadeu Diniz Ramos1, André Macedo Vale1, Daniel Claudio Oliveira Gomes2, Bartira Rossi-Bergmann1 and Herbert Leonel de Matos Guedes1,3* 1Instituto de Biofísica Carlos Chagas Filho, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 2Núcleo de Doenças Infecciosas/Núcleo de Biotecnologia,...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
More News: Laboratory Medicine | Parasitic Diseases | Parasitology | Study | Tropical Medicine | Vitamin D | Vitamin D Deficiency | Vitamins