Monkeypox cases put UK's tropical disease response to the test

Unprecedented diagnoses show system set up after Ebola works well, medics saysLate on a Friday night Dr Mike Beadsworth left the Royal Liverpool hospital after a “pretty hellish couple of weeks”. The clinical director of tropical and infectious diseases and his team had spent weeks trying to save the life of a Middle Eastern man who had been diagnosed with a deadly virus.The man had contracted Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (Mers), the first such diagnosis in the UK since 2013.Continue reading...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: NHS Health Infectious diseases Medical research Microbiology Science Ebola UK news Society Source Type: news

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Emerging infectious diseases are a constant threat to the public's health and health care systems around the world. These often extremely pathogenic diseases may not be adequately managed by typical application of infection control practices in the emergency department (ED), and nosocomial spread of highly pathogenic emerging infectious diseases in EDs and other health care settings has been observed –in the 2003 severe acute respiratory syndrome pandemic, outbreaks of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) in South Korea in 2015, and an Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) cluster in a hospital in Dallas in 2014 (1–4).
Source: The Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
Abstract In this two-part series of reviews, we have invited experts in their fields to contribute articles on the status of vaccine research and development for emerging pathogens. This topic has been brought into sharp focus in recent years following significant outbreaks of viral diseases such as those causing severe acute respiratory syndrome and Middle East respiratory syndrome, as well as devastating outbreaks of diseases caused by the Ebola, Marburg, Zika and Lassa fever viruses, to name only a few examples. Additionally, bacterial infections leading to bubonic and pneumonic plague, most notably in Madagasc...
Source: Clinical and Developmental Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Clin Exp Immunol Source Type: research
Rui Dong1, Lily He1, Rong Lucy He2 and Stephen S.-T. Yau1* 1Department of Mathematical Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China 2Department of Biological Sciences, Chicago State University, Chicago, IL, United States Classification of DNA sequences is an important issue in the bioinformatics study, yet most existing methods for phylogenetic analysis including Multiple Sequence Alignment (MSA) are time-consuming and computationally expensive. The alignment-free methods are popular nowadays, whereas the manual intervention in those methods usually decreases the accuracy. Also, the interactions among nucleotid...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
ing Bats are known to harbor and transmit many emerging and re-emerging viruses, many of which are extremely pathogenic in humans but do not cause overt pathology in their bat reservoir hosts: henipaviruses (Nipah and Hendra), filoviruses (Ebola and Marburg), and coronaviruses (SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV). Direct transmission cycles are often implicated in these outbreaks, with virus shed in bat feces, urine, and saliva. An additional mode of virus transmission between bats and humans requiring further exploration is the spread of disease via arthropod vectors. Despite the shared ecological niches that bats fill with many h...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Purpose: Epidemics rank among the most costly and destructive of natural hazards. In the past few years outbreaks such as Ebola, Zika, MERS and SARS demonstrated the limited preparedness to respond swiftly and appropriate. This highlight the need to develop more proactive instead of reactive policies Existing frameworks for epidemic response are either disease specific, category specific or nonspecific national models, but so far no model exist that combine all elements. The aim of this study is to create a holistic framework for early warning system for disease outbreaks by identifying the risk factors of epidemics at an early stage.
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: 17.010 Source Type: research
In the wake of the recent Ebola virus epidemic in West Africa, a reevaluation of the ways plague spreads through prairie dog colonies in the western United States has yielded insights that could help explain outbreaks of plague, Ebola, and other diseases that can be transmitted by animals to humans. These include West Nile Virus disease and MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome). The study, led by Dan Salkeld and Mike Antolin of Colorado State University and described in the journal BioScience, suggests that even deadly diseases may persist unnoticed in a population for years as smoldering infections, rather than jump fro...
Source: BioScience Press Releases - Category: Biology Source Type: news
(CNN) — From climate change to superbugs, the World Health Organization has laid out 10 big threats to our global health in 2019. And unless these threats get addressed, millions of lives will be in jeopardy. Here’s a snapshot of 10 urgent health issues, according to the United Nations’ public health agency: Not vaccinating when you can One of the most controversial recent health topics in the US is now an international concern. “Vaccine hesitancy — the reluctance or refusal to vaccinate despite the availability of vaccines — threatens to reverse progress made in tackling vaccine-prevent...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News CNN Local TV Source Type: news
The emergence of different viral infections during the last decades like dengue, West Nile, SARS, chikungunya, MERS-CoV, Ebola, Zika and Yellow Fever raised some questions on quickness and reliability of labor...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Source: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response [U.S. Department of Health and Human Services] (HHS ASPR). Published: 12/2018. This spreadsheet from TRACIE (Technical Resources, Assistance Center, and Information Exchange) provides a planning tool designed to help hospitals determine approximate minimum personal protective equipment (PPE) based on special pathogen category and a number of facility-specific variables. Calculators are included for Ebola virus disease/viral hemorrhagic fever, Middle East respiratory syndrome/severe acute respiratory syndrome, and pandemic influenza. (Text)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Capacity building for influenza is critical because if you can prepare for and respond to flu outbreaks or respiratory events, you learn and practice for responses to other emerging diseases. Flu is not a sporadic outbreak like Ebola or Zika. It is always there, so there is always something to practice with and keep skills sharp. Because flu is a continual threat there is a lot of learning that goes on which also supports work on other emerging diseases. It ’s like the basic architecture for capacity building in all areas. For example, you can practice your communications for responding to outbreaks and better unders...
Source: WHO Feature Stories - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: immunization [subject], vaccination, influenza [subject], flu, seasonal influenza, pandemic influenza Source Type: news
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