Adverse childhood experiences worsen cognitive distortion during adult bipolar depression

Cognitive distortion is a central feature of depression, encompassing negative thinking, dysfunctional personality styles and dysfunctional attitudes. It has been hypothesized that ACEs could increase the vulnerability to depression by contributing to the development of a stable negative cognitive style. Nevertheless, little research has been carried out on possible associations between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and cognitive distortion, and whether any gender differences exist.
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research

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AbstractTo investigate which factors individuals with a psychotic depression experience as preventive of suicide while beeing hospitalized. Semi-structured qualitative interviews with nine inpatients, all hospitalized for a unipolar or bipolar depressive episode with psychosis, were conducted at time of discharge. For analysis we used systematic text condensation. Main outcomes were accounts of participants ’ experiences of suicide prevention measures and treatment, and how these affected suicidal ideation, plans, and attempts. Participants experienced (1) suicide attempts being physically interrupted or prevented; (...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Interest in the coexistence of manic and depressive symptoms fostered hypotheses on neurobiological underpinnings of mixed states. Neurobiological properties of mixed states, however, have not been comprehensively described. The authors searched databases for articles on neurobiological markers related to mixed states. Results showed that mixed states are characterized by elevated central and peripheral monoamine levels, greater alterations in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, increased inflammation, and greater circadian rhythms dysfunction than nonmixed forms. Furthermore, the magnitude of pathophysiologic alterations...
Source: The Psychiatric Clinics of North America - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Neuropsychiatric disorders (NPDs) such as depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) all relate to behavioural, cognitive and emotional disturbances that are ultimately rooted in disordered brain function. More specifically, these disorders are linked to various neuromodulators (i.e. serotonin and dopamine), as well as dysfunction in both cognitive and socio-affective brain networks. Increasing evidence suggests that the gut environment, and particularly the microbiome, plays a significant role in individual mental health. Alth...
Source: Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: J Med Microbiol Source Type: research
There is no time more joyous and stressful as the end of year holidays. As we fast approach the holidays this year it’s time to start thinking about how you’ll navigate family parties and other familial obligations. In this episode, we give our best tips for making holiday parties less stressful and how to decide if not going is the best option for you.  It’s rough out there, but we care about you and we wish you a happy, healthy holiday season. (Transcript Available Below) SUBSCRIBE &REVIEW About The Not Crazy Podcast Hosts Gabe Howard is an award-winning writer and speaker who lives with bi...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Anxiety and Panic Depression Family General Holiday Coping Not Crazy Podcast Source Type: blogs
Bipolar disorder (BD) is characterized by recurrent episodes of depression and mania/hypomania alternating with intervals of well-being. The neurobiological underpinnings of BD are still veiled although there ...
Source: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Study Protocols Source Type: research
Authors: Silveira C, Guedes R, Maia D, Curral R, Coelho R Abstract Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disabling neuroinflammatory disease. Psychiatric manifestations have a high prevalence in MS patients and may worsen the illness progression and the patients' quality of life (QoL). Depression is a highly prevalent condition in MS patients, associated with poorer adherence to treatment, decreased functional status and QoL, and increased suicide risk. Diagnosis and treatment of this disorder is challenging because of symptom overlap. Other prevalent psychiatric comorbidities are anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder...
Source: Psychiatry Investigation - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry Investig Source Type: research
Functional coupling of M1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor to Gαq/11 in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex from patients with psychiatric disorders: a postmortem study. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2019 Dec 05;: Authors: Odagaki Y, Kinoshita M, Meana JJ, Callado LF, García-Sevilla JA Abstract Accumulating studies have implicated intracellular signaling through muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs) in psychiatric illness. In the present study, carbamylcholine chloride (carbachol)-induced Gαi/o and Gαq/11 activation was identified in postmortem human prefrontal cortical ...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research
ConclusionsRumination is known to be associated with poor prognosis in mental health. This study suggests that rumination is a maladaptive coping style associated not only with worry, distress and illness severity, but also with socioeconomic status. Also, rumination demonstrated a specific association with panic disorder.
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2019Source: Progress in NeurobiologyAuthor(s): M.M.J. van den Berg, J. Krauskopf, J.G. Ramaekers, J.C.S. Kleinjans, J. Prickaerts, J.J. BriedéAbstractCirculating microRNAs (cimiRNAs) are a class of non-encoding RNAs found in bodily fluids such as blood, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and tears. CimiRNAs have been implicated as promising biomarkers for central nervous system (CNS) disorders because they are actively secreted as messengers and are profoundly involved in fine-tuning of developmental and differentiation processes. Furthermore, they are attractive biomarkers becau...
Source: Progress in Neurobiology - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
This week’s Psychology Around the Net takes a look at what to do if you think your child is at risk for mental illness, why self-regulation is so important for people with ADHD, the symptoms of problematic smartphone use, and the mental and physical fatigue that often accompanies chronic illness, and more.     Does Mental Illness Run in Families?: What should you do if you suspect your child is at risk of developing a mental disorder — especially when mental illness runs in your family? According to psychologist Scott Bea PsyD, an important first step is helping your child build resilience, a persona...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: ADHD and ADD Anxiety and Panic Autism Children and Teens Depression Disorders Family General Health-related Mental Health and Wellness Parenting Psychiatry Psychology Psychology Around the Net Research Asd Bipolar Disorder Source Type: blogs
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