Secular Trends in the Background of Intracerebral Hemorrhage from 2010 to 2015

Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) were recently introduced for the clinical use in stroke prevention, and they are reported to show a lower risk of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) compared to warfarin. We were interested to know whether there is any change in clinical backgrounds of ICH patients to date.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 12 December 2019Source: Anaesthesia &Intensive Care MedicineAuthor(s): Christopher J. TaylorAbstractIntracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) accounts for around 10–20% of all strokes and results from a variety of disorders. ICH is more likely to result in death or major disability than ischaemic stroke or subarachnoid haemorrhage. Rapid imaging allows early diagnosis and characterization of the localization and severity of the haemorrhage. Patients with significant acute ICH should be managed in a critical care unit. Treatment entails general supportive care, control of blood pressure an...
Source: Anaesthesia and intensive care medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Introduction: Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage is a disabling form of stroke, and some patients will require nutritional interventions for dysphagia. We sought to determine if socioeconomic status indicators mediate whether minorities undergo gastrostomy tube placement. Materials and Methods: Patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage were enrolled in a single center, observational cohort study from 2010 to 2017. A socioeconomic index score was imputed using neighborhood characteristics by patients ’ ZIP code, according to an established method utilizing 6 indicators of wealth/income, education, and occupation.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Background and Aim: Performance measures have been extensively studied for acute ischemic stroke, leading to guideline-established benchmarks. Factors influencing care efficiency for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) are not well delineated. We sought to identify factors associated with early recognition of ICH and to assess the association between early recognition and completion of emergency care tasks. Methods: Consecutive patients with spontaneous ICH were enrolled in an observational cohort study conducted from 2009 to 2017 at an urban comprehensive stroke center, excluding patient transferred from other hospitals.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, we examined the safety of WATCHMAN implantation followed by 6 months of anti-thrombotic therapy in patients with a history of ICH.MethodsThis is a retrospective analysis of 63 patients with a history of ICH prior to WATCHMAN implantation (Group I) and 95 patients without a history of ICH who underwent WATCHMAN placement (Group II). The primary outcome was death, stroke, or major bleeding within 6  months of WATCHMAN placement.ResultsThe average CHA2DS2-VASc of Group I was 4.9  ± 1.7 vs 4.7 ± 1.4 for Group II (p = 0.34). The most common type of...
Source: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractThe blood –brain barrier (BBB) disruption leads to the vasogenic brain edema and contributes to the early brain injury (EBI) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). However, the mechanisms underlying the BBB damage following SAH are poorly understood. Here we reported that the neurotransmitter glutamate of cer ebrospinal fluid (CSF) was dramatically increased in SAH patients with symptoms of cerebral edema. Using the rat SAH model, we found that SAH caused the increase of CSF glutamate level and BBB permeability in EBI, intracerebroventricular injection of exogenous glutamate deteriorated BBB damage and c erebra...
Source: Translational Stroke Research - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): Yunzhe Xue, Fadi G. Farhat, Olga Boukrina, A.M. Barrett, Jeffrey R. Binder, Usman W. Roshan, William W. GravesAbstractAutomatic identification of brain lesions from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of stroke survivors would be a useful aid in patient diagnosis and treatment planning. It would also greatly facilitate the study of brain-behavior relationships by eliminating the laborious step of having a human expert manually segment the lesion on each brain scan. We propose a multi-modal multi-path convolutional neural network sys...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to investigate the safety and efficacy of endovascular treatment of acute strokes due to vertebrobasilar artery occlusion.MethodsWe did a multicentre, randomised, open-label trial, with blinded outcome assessment of thrombectomy in patients presenting within 8 h of vertebrobasilar occlusion at 28 centres in China. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to endovascular therapy plus standard medical therapy (intervention group) or standard medical therapy alone (control group). The randomisation sequence was computer-generated and stratified by participating centres. Allocation concealment was implemen...
Source: The Lancet Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractThe study aimed to investigate the relationship between mtDNA copy number and the risk of all-cause mortality in stroke. One thousand four hundred eighty-four stroke patients were documented including 273 deaths (127 thrombosis, 52 lacunar, 94 hemorrhage). Patients in the third quartile had the lowest mortality rates in overall stroke and the three subtypes. The lowest quartile of mtDNA copy number (Q1
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractHereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is an autosomal-dominant vascular disorder characterized by development of high-flow arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) that can lead to stroke or high-output heart failure. HHT2 is caused by heterozygous mutations inACVRL1, which encodes an endothelial cell bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) receptor, ALK1. BMP9 and BMP10 are established ALK1 ligands. However, the unique and overlapping roles of these ligands remain poorly understood. To define the physiologically relevant ALK1 ligand(s) required for vascular development and maintenance, we generated zebrafish harboring mu...
Source: Angiogenesis - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
ConclusionsElevated admission bilirubin is an independent predictor of HT and sICH in AIS patients treated with MT.
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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