Identifying Future Research Priorities Using Value of Information Analyses: Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion Devices in Atrial Fibrillation Health Services and Outcomes Research

Conclusion The relative efficacy of stroke reduction with left atrial appendage occlusion devices in relation to warfarin is an important source of uncertainty. Improving estimates of this parameter should be the priority for future research in this area.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Health Services and Outcomes Research Source Type: research

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ConclusionOverall, the anticoagulation management model developed in this study could be involved in the full process of anticoagulation therapy in AF patients to improve rationality, adherence, and satisfaction in both medical professionals and patients. However, the usability, feasibility, and acceptability of the I-Anticoagulant-based anticoagulation management model need to be further assessed through well-designed random clinical trials.
Source: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Introduction: Cardioembolic stroke (CE) has poor outcomes and high recurrence rates. A low ankle-brachial index (ABI
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conditions:   Stroke;   Atrial Fibrillation Intervention:   Sponsors:   Sarawak General Hospital;   Sarawak Heart Centre;   Ministry of Health, Malaysia Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Eur J Intern Med. 2021 Oct 14:S0953-6205(21)00332-0. doi: 10.1016/j.ejim.2021.10.002. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTColchicine is an old, inexpensive, and relatively safe anti-inflammatory drug traditionally used in gout and over the last 50 years in familial Mediterranean fever. A search of all high-hierarchy studies (randomized controlled trials [RCTs], systematic reviews and meta-analysis of RCTs) over the last 20 years revealed myriad other evidence-based applications. Colchicine seems efficacious in the treatment of acute pericarditis and prevention of recurrences and the prevention of postcardiac injury syndrome and ...
Source: European Journal of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Aortic stenosis evaluation was so simple in our early days. Gradients across the valve were the key. Now, we have more parameters to bother about. Dynamic AVOs, flow state, resting LV function, contractile reserves, GLS, dobutamine response, etc. MRI assessment will soon overtake echocardiography.  Hemodynamics of flow across LVOT. MRI 4D volumetric model of normal Aortic stenotic flow in the bicuspid valve (On the left). The more we know, the more we tend to miss! Image courtesy: Northwestern Medicine The current AS algorithms, though scientific, I am afraid, appear much complicated with some frightening term...
Source: Dr.S.Venkatesan MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Aortic diseases aortic stenosis amyloidosis in aortic stenosis ASE ACC AHA ESC guidelines for aortic stenosis dobutamine stress in aortic stenosis doppler error in aortic stenosis grading severity of aortic stenosis hypertension and aortic s Source Type: blogs
AbstractPurpose of ReviewCryptogenic stroke represents a heterogenous but clinically important collection of stroke etiologies for which our understanding continues to grow. Here, we review our current knowledge and most recent recommendations on secondary prevention for common causes of cryptogenic stroke including paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, atrial cardiopathy, patent foramen ovale, and substenotic atherosclerotic disease as well as the under-recognized mechanisms of occult malignancy, heart failure, and, most recently, infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2).Recent FindingsThe res...
Source: Current Cardiology Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractPrescribing anticoagulation therapy in very old ( ≥ 80-years) patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) is an emerging clinical issue, but current knowledge and recommendations are insufficient. We aimed to determine the efficacy and safety of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in secondary stroke prevention in very old patients and to explore the related geriatric functional status of these patients. Three hundred fifty-three consecutive ≥ 80-year-old patients treated for transient ischemic attack (TIA) or ischemic stroke (IS) at the neurological clinic at UMC Ljubljana, who were prescribed...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
AbstractHypo-attenuated leaflet thickening (HALT) of transcatheter aortic valves is detected on multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and reflects leaflet thrombosis. Whether HALT affects left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling, a favorable effect of LV afterload reduction after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the association of HALT after TAVI with LV reverse remodeling. In this multicenter case –control study, patients with HALT on MDCT were identified, and patients without HALT were propensity matched for valve type and size, LV ejection fraction ...
Source: The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Circulation. 2021 Oct 15. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.121.055176. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBackground: A proportion of patients with embolic stroke of undetermined source (ESUS) have silent atrial fibrillation (AF) or develop AF after the initial evaluation. Better understanding of risk for development of AF is critical to implement optimal monitoring strategies with the goal of preventing recurrent stroke due to underlying AF. The RE-SPECT ESUS trial provides an opportunity to assess predictors for developing AF and associated recurrent stroke. Methods: RE-SPECT ESUS was a randomized, controlled trial (564 sites, 42 ...
Source: Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Nervenarzt. 2021 Oct 15. doi: 10.1007/s00115-021-01206-w. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOral anticoagulation in patients with cerebral amyloid angiopathy is a therapeutic challenge. The association of cerebral amyloid angiopathy with intracerebral hemorrhage, a high mortality of intracerebral hemorrhage especially under oral anticoagulation and the high risk of recurrent bleeding require a multidisciplinary approach and a thorough risk-benefit analysis. Vitamin K antagonists increase the risk of intracerebral bleeding and the accompanying mortality by 60% and should be avoided if possible or reserved for special clinical s...
Source: Der Nervenarzt - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
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