Low hedonic tone and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: risk factors for treatment resistance in depressed adults - Sternat T, Fotinos K, Fine A, Epstein I, Katzman MA.

BACKGROUND: The burdens imposed by treatment-resistant depression (TRD) necessitate the identification of predictive factors that may improve patient treatment and outcomes. Because depression and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are frequen...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

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Authors: Perugi G, Pallucchini A, Rizzato S, De Rossi P, Sani G, Maremmani A, Pinzone V, Maremmani I Abstract INTRODUCTION: Substance use disorder (SUD) is very common amongst patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The two disorders share partially overlapping features and SUD in ADHD is characterized by an early age of onset, high likelihood of poly-substance use, increased risk of suicide attempts, more hospitalizations, and scarce treatment adherence. Areas covered: This paper reviews randomized active comparator-controlled or placebo-controlled trials evaluating the use of pharmacotherap...
Source: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Pharmacother Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Long-term associations of childhood ADHD with adverse physical health and socioeconomic outcomes underscore the need for early intervention. Young adult ADHD showed stronger associations with poorer mental health, substance misuse and psychosocial outcomes, emphasising the importance of identifying and treating adults with ADHD. The Study in Context: Neurofeedback or medication to treat ADHD? What are cognitive abilities and how to boost them? Rates of ADHD diagnosis and medication treatment continue to increase substantially
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Attention and ADD/ADHD Education & Lifelong Learning Health & Wellness ADHD symptopms attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Genetics mental health problems psychiatry Source Type: blogs
AbstractCross ‐sectional associations between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been observed, but longitudinal studies assessing this association are lacking. This prospective study evaluated the association between predeployment ADHD and postdeployme nt PTSD among U.S. Army soldiers. Soldiers who deployed to Afghanistan were surveyed before deployment (T0) and approximately 1 month (T1), 3 months (T2), and 9 months (T3) after their return. Logistic regression was performed to estimate the association between predeployment ADHD and postdeployment (T2 or T3) PTS...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
OBJECTIVE: Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at greater risk for suicidal ideation and suicide attempts compared to those without ADHD. Increased risk is at least partially attributable to a subset of children with ADHD and ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
We report preliminary retrospective data on annual SI persistence in a representative sample of 3,501 U.S. Army soldiers with lifetime SI from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS). Reports about age-of-onset and number of years with SI were used to estimate two definitions of persistence: persistence beyond year-of-onset and proportional annual persistence (i.e., percentage of years with SI since year-of-onset). Results revealed that for 47.8% of respondents with lifetime SI, their SI did not persist beyond the year-of-onset. For the 52.2% whose SI did persist beyond the year-of-onse...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
What is a Co-Occuring disorder? The coexistence of both a mental health disorder and a substance abuse use disorder is referred to as a co-occurring disorder. Any combination of mental health and addiction can be referred to as having a co-occuring disorder. The combinations can be seemingly endless, and can even include more than one of either a mental disorder or an addiction. Combinations may include depression and alcoholism, anorexia and cocaine addiction, bipolar disorder and heroin addiction and the list goes on. Surprisingly, as many as 6 in 10 substance abusers also have at least one other mental disorder. There i...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addiction Addiction Recovery Addiction Treatment and Program Resources ADHD Alcohol Alcohol Rehab Information Alcoholism Anxiety Behavioral Addictions Depression Depression Treatment Drinking Drug Treatment Dual Diagnosis and Eat Source Type: blogs
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ("ADHD") and suicidality in children. Mediating effects of family function and psychiatric co-morbidities were also explored. METHODS: This is a national represe...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news
Suicide is one of the leading causes of death among youths in many developed countries (World  Health Organization, 2017). In Taiwan, suicide is currently the second leading cause of death in young people aged 15-24 years old (Ministry of Health and Welfare, 2017). Suicidal ideation and behavior at an early age is a strong risk factor for suicides in adolescents and young adults (Castell vi et al., 2017). Thus exploring factors relating to the occurrence of suicidal ideation and behaviors in children is crucial for the early identification and remediation of suicide risks in youths.
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research paper Source Type: research
Welcome to The Neuroscience Report where each week we will highlight a specific topic in neuroscience and provide you with links to 5 journal articles, 5 news articles, and 5 wildcard picks. Brought to you by Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience—your source for peer-reviewed, evidence-based information.   This week’s topic: Binge Eating Disorder   5 Journal Articles Binge eating, trauma, and suicide attempt in community adults with major depressive disorder The relationship between body mass index, binge eating disorder, and suicidality Association...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Eating Disorders The Neuroscience Report binge eating disorder Dasotraline lisdexamfetamine dimesylate phentermine–topiramate Source Type: research
We can link grain consumption with causing or worsening some of the most mysterious brain disorders that have eluded the medical community for years, such as schizophrenia, epilepsy, depression, bipolar disorder, and, more recently, autism and ADHD. Are you and your kids unknowingly under the influence of opiates? Opiates come disguised in many forms.   Grains contain opiates. Not figuratively, but quite literally. These opiates are not too different from morphine or heroin. Yes, wheat and grains, cleverly disguised as a multigrain loaf of bread to make sandwiches or a hot, steamy plate of macaroni and cheese for the ...
Source: Wheat Belly Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: News & Updates adhd bipolar disorder brain fog concentration Depression diy health Dr. Davis epilepsy grain-free headaches Inflammation mind mood swings OCD opiates schizophrenia undoctored wheat belly Wheat Belly Tot Source Type: blogs
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