Digital Cognitive Therapy Eases Daytime Effects of Insomnia

Benefits include better functional health, sleep - related quality of life, psychological well - being
Source: Pulmonary Medicine News - Doctors Lounge - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Family Medicine, Geriatrics, Internal Medicine, Psychiatry, Pulmonology, Journal, Source Type: news

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Insomnia is a prevalent sleep disorder associated with significant economic and personal burdens. Cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBTI) is considered the gold standard intervention for insomnia and...
Source: Trials - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research
This study was a first of its kind. It involved a head-to-head comparison of acupuncture and cognitive behavioral therapy, enrolled patients with many different types of cancer and included nearly 30% minority participants. Previous studies focused solely on breast cancer and included 90% white participants. Limitations of the previous research make it difficult to determine if the results are applicable to patients with other cancers and people of diverse backgrounds. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Acupuncture Are Effective Acupuncture and cognitive behavioral therapy treatments produced clinically meaningful reduction...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia during pregnancy. METHODS: Randomized, unmasked, 3-site controlled trial. Participants were randomly allocated to cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (a first-line, empirically supported psychosocial intervention that addresses sleep-related behaviors and cognitions) or a control intervention consisting of imagery exercises that paired patient-identified distressing nighttime experiences with patient-identified neutral images. Participants were eligible if they met diagnostic criteria for insomnia disorder and...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
Abstract Sleep disturbances (SD) are prevalent in individuals diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Less is known about the effects of SD on cognition and learning in adolescents with high-functioning ASD (HF-ASD). Adolescents with HF-ASD (N = 96) were evaluated for the relationships of SD to working memory and learning problems. Results found SD to modify the relationship between working memory and learning problems. Working memory deficits were associated with learning problems among those with SD, while not among those without SD. SD and working memory deficits should be targeted in inter...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes the most well-documented sleep disorders seen in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), with a special focus on the impact on quality of life. RECENT FINDINGS: Sleep abnormalities in patients with MS are a multifactorial and relatively complex issue affecting approximately 60% of the patients while the pathophysiology of these symptoms is not fully understood. Circadian rhythm disorders and increased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines have been recognized as potential players in affecting sleep homeostasis in MS patients. Medication-related side effects suc...
Source: Epilepsy Curr - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Curr Treat Options Neurol Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of reviewThis review summarizes the most well-documented sleep disorders seen in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), with a special focus on the impact on quality of life.Recent findingsSleep abnormalities in patients with MS are a multifactorial and relatively complex issue affecting approximately 60% of the patients while the pathophysiology of these symptoms is not fully understood. Circadian rhythm disorders and increased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines have been recognized as potential players in affecting sleep homeostasis in MS patients. Medication-related side effects such as in immunotherap...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 January 2019Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Tessa F Blanken, Jeroen S Benjamins, Denny Borsboom, Jeroen K Vermunt, Casey Paquola, Jennifer Ramautar, Kim Dekker, Diederick Stoffers, Rick Wassing, Yishul Wei, Eus J W Van SomerenSummaryBackgroundInsomnia disorder is the second most prevalent mental disorder, and it is a primary risk factor for depression. Inconsistent clinical and biomarker findings in patients with insomnia disorder suggest that heterogeneity exists and that subtypes of this disease remain unrecognised. Previous top-down proposed subtypes in nosologies have had in...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study examined the impact and durability of cognitive-behavioural therapy for insomnia on improving the accuracy of sleep and wake perceptions in older adults, and tested whether changes in sleep quality were related to changes in the accuracy of sleep/wake perceptions. One-hundred and fifty-nine older veterans (97% male, mean age 72.2 years) who met diagnostic criteria for insomnia disorder were randomized to: (1) cognitive-behavioural therapy for insomnia (n = 106); or (2) attention control (n = 53). Assessments were conducted at baseline, post-treatment, 6-months and 12-months follow-up. Sleep measures in...
Source: Journal of Sleep Research - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: J Sleep Res Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: There is no evidence to support the superiority of sound therapy for tinnitus over waiting list control, placebo or education/information with no device. There is insufficient evidence to support the superiority or inferiority of any of the sound therapy options (hearing aid, sound generator or combination hearing aid) over each other. The quality of evidence for the reported outcomes, assessed using GRADE, was low. Using a combination device, hearing aid or sound generator might result in little or no difference in tinnitus symptom severity.Future research into the effectiveness of sound therapy in patients w...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Conditions:   Rheumatoid Arthritis;   Insomnia Intervention:   Behavioral: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT-i) Sponsors:   Bente Appel Esbensen;   University of Copenhagen;   Rigshospitalet, Denmark;   Danish Cancer Society;   Parker Research Institute Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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