Exploring the intrinsic-extrinsic distinction in prospective metamemory
Publication date: February 2019Source: Journal of Memory and Language, Volume 104Author(s): Jonathan A. Susser, Neil W. MulliganAbstractThe overwhelming majority of research on metamemory examines retrospective memory – memory for past events. The metamemory of prospective memory – remembering to carry out intentions in the future – is little studied. The cue utilization account is a prominent framework for analyzing retrospective metamemory, here applied to prospective metamemory. This framework predicts that intrinsic cues (e.g., characteristics of the to-be-remembered information) readily impact metamemory whereas extrinsic cues (e.g., features of the general learning environment) have much less impact. The current study examined prospective memory using target-response word pairs. Participants were to remember to interrupt an ongoing task when a target was noticed, and then recall the associated response. Prior to the ongoing task, participants predicted (using judgments-of-learning, JOLs) whether they would notice a given target and whether they would recall the response for that target. This paradigm allows an assessment of metamemory and actual memory for the prospective component (the noticing of the target) and the retrospective component (the retrieval of the response). Four experiments found that prospective-JOLs were affected by an intrinsic cue (target-word association) but not by an extrinsic cue (target focality), as predicted by the cue-utili...
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Readers who found these articles interesting may also like to read these papers that can be found in recent issues of our sister publications, Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery and Operative Techniques in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.
Re: Yang CJ, Kumar A, Gulack BC, Mulvihill MS, Hartwig MG, Wang X, et al. Long-term outcomes after lobectomy for non–small cell lung cancer when unsuspected pN2 disease is found: A National Cancer Data Base analysis. J Thoracic Cardiovasc Surg. 2016;151:1380-8.
Dr M. Jacobs (Baltimore, Md). The Norwood procedure, the most commonly performed open operation in the neonatal age group, was developed approximately 40 years ago by Dr William Norwood. This operation has probably been the subject of as many or more investigations or reports than any other operation for congenital heart disease, yet Dr Mascio and colleagues stated accurately in their article that the principles of the Norwood operation remain esse ntially the same today as when Norwood first conceived it.