Ultrasound evaluation of fetal critical aortic stenosis using the left atrium area/cardiac area ratio and the Doppler patterns in the pulmonary veins

AbstractIn fetal critical aortic stenosis (AS), a double reverse pattern in the pulmonary veins (PVs) is associated with a poor prognosis. We evaluated the hemodynamic changes using PV Doppler and the left atrium area/cardiac area (LA/CA) ratio in a fetus at 28  weeks of gestation with critical AS complicated with hydrops fetalis, polyhydramnios, and cardiac abnormality. A markedly enlarged LA and severe mitral regurgitation with critical AS were detected, with LA/CA ratio = 0.40 and double reverse pattern with forward/reverse velocity time integral r atio (FRVR) = 1.18 on PV Doppler. After amniotic reduction at 31 weeks, the LA/CA ratio decreased (0.24) and the FRVR in PV increased (7.11). Forward flow through the fetal aorta was seen spontaneously, and hydrops fetalis was relieved with LA volume reduction. A male neonate weighing 2171 g w as delivered via cesarean section at 36 weeks with an Apgar score of 5 and 6 at 1 and 5 min, respectively. He required atrial septal opening and bilateral pulmonary artery banding after birth, followed by Norwood operation. The double reverse pattern in PVs might be reversible. The change in FRVR in PVs and LA/CA ratio would be helpful in understanding the hemodynamic change in fetal critical AS.
Source: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

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We describe the case of a 64-year-old man who came to the emergency room due to acute heart failure and intermittent gastrointestinal bleeding. Treatment involves initial correction of anemia and heart failure followed by aortic valve replacement. The prosthesis used depends on the characteristics of each patient and valve replacement allows the resolution of bleeding in most cases. Gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with aortic stenosis is associated with severity of the valve obstruction. A mechanical prosthesis was used with no recurrent bleeding even with the need for lifelong anticoagulation therapy.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our center successfully implanted the self-expandable aortic valve Evolut™ through direct aortic for presenting a dissection in transverse aorta with possibilities of embolization. PMID: 31702726 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Archivos de Cardiologia de Mexico - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Arch Cardiol Mex Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundWhen transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) was first approved by the Food and Drug Administration in October 2011, it was an innovative treatment with limited accessibility. However, over the past few years, TAVR has become standard of care in patients with aortic stenosis. The effect of socioeconomic status (SES) on this transition of use of TAVR is unknown.MethodUsing the New York state department Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System database, we compared baseline patient characteristics and facilities in low ‐income areas and high‐income areas. Trends in residential SES of pat...
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is the current standard of care for patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) who are at high risk for surgery. However, several recent studies have demonstrated the comparable safety and efficacy of TAVI in low-risk patients as well. We sought to pool the existing data to further assert its comparability. MEDLINE, Cochrane, and Embase, databases were evaluated for relevant articles published from January 2005 to June 2019. Studies comparing outcomes of TAVI versus surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in patients who are at low risk for surgery were included.
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Transcatheter aortic-valve replacement (TAVR) has emerged as a promising strategy for treating patients with severe aortic stenosis. We aimed to compare TAVR with surgical aortic-valve replacement (SAVR) and determine the performance of TAVR over time and within several subgroups. We included 8 randomized trials comparing TAVR vs. SAVR. Compared with SAVR, TAVR was associated with a lower rate of all-cause mortality or disabling stroke at 30-day (odds ratio [OR], 0.72; P=0.004), 1-year (OR, 0.83; P=0.01) and 2-year (OR, 0.86; P=0.02), but not at long-term follow-up (rate ratio [RR], 1.02 [CI, 0.92 to 1.13]; P=0.67).
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Superior TAVI Valve Indicated for All Patients Diagnosed with Aortic Stenosis IRVINE, Calif., Nov. 6, 2019 -- (Healthcare Sales &Marketing Network) -- Edwards Lifesciences Corporation (NYSE: EW), the global leader in patient-focused innovations for st... Devices, Interventional, Cardiology, Regulatory Edwards Lifesciences, SAPIEN 3, transcatheter, heart valve, aortic valve
Source: HSMN NewsFeed - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
ConclusionsMIAMVS can be performed via a right mini ‐thoracotomy, with acceptable early and midterm results expected. This may be a feasible alternative to the standard median sternotomy approach.
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Conclusion In very old patients undergoing coronary revascularization owing to LMCA disease, PCI was associated with worse cardiovascular outcomes compared with CABG, influenced by a more severe and comorbid population selected for PCI. Baseline disability, presentation with STEMI, and distal LMCA bifurcation disease were additional independent outcome predictors.
Source: Coronary Artery Disease - Category: Cardiology Tags: PCI Source Type: research
Doppler pressure gradients (PGs) are routinely used as a surrogate for catheter peak-to-peak gradient (PPG) for referring pediatric patients with aortic stenosis (AS), pulmonary stenosis (PS), and coarctation of the aorta (CoA) for intervention but do not always predict the catheter PPG accurately, which results in misclassification of lesion severity. We hypothesized that recovered pressure (RP) accounts for the discrepancy between Doppler PG and catheter PPG. We aimed to study the occurrence of clinically significant RP in AS, PS, and CoA.
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
The development of aortic valve stenosis is strongly associated with older adults. Patients who undergo transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for severe aortic stenosis (AS) frequently have heart failure (HF). We investigated the predictors of mortality after TAVI according to the presence of HF, and specifically HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) versus HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Patients were identified from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample registry from January 2011 to September 2015  using the ICD-9 codes. Patients with HF who underwent TAVI were classified according to whethe...
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
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