Post-prandial lipemia and glycemia in dogs fed with industrialized pet food

In conclusion, the commercial feed used in th is study alters glycemic and lipid profiles of some analytes of healthy dogs. Fasting can be reduced for biochemical determination of glucose, while no fasting period is necessary for total and HDL cholesterol determination in dogs.
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research

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In this study both experimental and theoretical methods were used to get insight into photophysical and photochemical properties of PTV with respect to its primary photochemistry. The PTV photodegradation quantum yield value was determined to be Ф = 0.011 (±0.002). PTV was found to undergo an intersystem crossing, however 3PTV* was formed with a low efficiency due partially to fluorescent properties exhibited by the statin. The lifetime of the excited singlet 1PTV* was calculated to be about 130 (±20) ps. 3PTV* was shown to be not involved in the formation of PTV primary photoproduct. Both PTV ...
Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Authors: Sirtori CR, Ruscica M, Calabresi L, Chiesa G, Giovannoni R, Badimon JL Abstract Epidemiologically, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels have been inversely associated to cardiovascular (CV) events, although a Mendelian Randomization Study had failed to establish a clear causal role. Numerous atheroprotective mechanisms have been attributed to HDL, the main being the ability to promote cholesterol efflux from arterial walls; anti-inflammatory effects related to HDL ligands such as S1P (sphingosine-1-phosphate), resolvins and others have been recently identified. Experimental studies and early c...
Source: Annals of Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Ann Med Source Type: research
Authors: Infante T, Viscovo LD, Rimini ML, Padula S, Caso P, Napoli C Abstract Early identification of coronary atherosclerotic pathogenic mechanisms is useful for predicting the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and future cardiac events. Epigenome changes may clarify a significant fraction of this "missing hereditability", thus offering novel potential biomarkers for prevention and care of CHD. The rapidly growing disciplines of systems biology and network science are now poised to meet the fields of precision medicine and personalized therapy. Network medicine integrates standard clinical recording ...
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
ConclusionsHemodialysis patients with central obesity, as measured by the A/G ratio, had less favorable plasma lipid profiles and higher levels of inflammation but not an increased risk of ASCVD.
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate if statin use in cancer survivors was inversely associated with all-cause mortality.Methods and ResultsData from the 2002 to 2015 National Health Insurance Service-National Health Screening Cohort (NHIS-HEALS) were used. The Kaplan-Meier estimator was used to estimate the survival function according to statin usage. Cox proportional hazards regression models were adopted after stepwise adjustment for potential confounders to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for all-cause mortality. The median follow-up duration was 10.0 years. Statin users had a higher percent...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02275780, and is closed to accrual.FindingsBetween Dec 1, 2014, and Oct 20, 2015, 1027 individuals were screened, of whom 769 participants were randomly assigned to doravirine (n=385) or ritonavir-boosted darunavir (n=384), and 383 in both groups were given at least one dose of their allocated treatment. Most participants were male (645 [84%] of 766) and white (560 [73%]), with a mean age of 35·2 years (SD 10·6). 292 participants in the doravirine group and 273 in the darunavir group completed 96 weeks of treatment. At week 96, a higher proportion of the do...
Source: The Lancet HIV - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
This study tested the hypothesis that phenolic compounds can modulate the level of cholesterol transporters including Niemann-Pick C1-like 1 (NPC1L1) and ATP-binding cassette transporters in liver cells. HepG2 cells, used as a model of hepatocytes, showed a decrease in the abundance of cholesterol transporters comparatively to the control when treated with the Opuntia ficus-indica’s cladodes decoction. The decrease was between 13–70%, 25–60%, 9–60% and 23–60% for NPC1L1, ABCA1, ABCG5 and ABCG8 transporters, respectively, when using between 0.15 and 0.35 mg/mL of decoction in the culture medi...
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Authors: Schlesinger A, Weiss A, Nenaydenko O, Koren-Morag N, Adunsky A, Beloosesky Y Abstract BACKGROUND: Statins and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have beneficial effects on health outcomes in the general population. Their effect on survival in debilitated nursing home residents is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationships between statins, SSRIs, and survival of nursing home residents. METHODS: Baseline patient characteristics, including chronic medications, were recorded. The association of 5-year survival with different variables was analyzed. A sub-group analysis of survival wa...
Source: The Israel Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Isr Med Assoc J Source Type: research
ConclusionBoth neurologic and medical complications were common in majority of stroke patients. But the management protocol for stroke patients was sub-optimal and lagging behind the recommended guidelines due to lack of skilled personnel, appropriate treatment and diagnostic agents. The clinical team involved in the care of stroke patients should make preparations to take preventive measures that will save a lot of lives.
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Alaeldein M. Abudabos, Mashael R. Aljumaah, Manal M. Alkhlifi, Abdulaziz Alabdullatif, Gamal M. Suliman, Ali Ramzi AL SulaimanAbstractFree of Salmonella infection, a total of 600 broiler chicks (Ross 308) were randomly allotted to six dietary treatments (10 replicates) as follows: Negative control (only the basal diet); positive control (infected only); T1, infection + antibiotic (avilamycin); T2, infection + Bacillus subtilis and T3, Salmonella infection + Bacillus licheniformis. The results revealed t...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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