How Scientists Are Treating Breast Cancer Using the Immune System
As a pharmacist, Kathy James considers herself well educated about the importance of getting regular cancer screenings. Even though the 55-year-old had no history of cancer in her family, she never skipped her regular mammograms, and she gave herself regular breast exams. So she was dumbfounded when, during one of those self-exams in May 2017, she felt a marble-size lump in her left breast. A visit to the doctor confirmed it. “The radiologist came in with his hands in his pockets and looked down and said, ‘It doesn’t look good,'” James says. After a biopsy, James and her husband learned she had metastatic breast cancer. It was their 26th wedding anniversary. James immediately wanted to have both breasts surgically removed, which she believed would drastically reduce the chance that the cancer would spread. “I wanted to be done with it all,” she says. “I was hell-bent on getting the double mastectomy.” If James had been diagnosed even five years earlier, she likely would have gone through with the radical surgery, even though it would not have guaranteed her cancer would not spread, or return. A friend who is a cancer doctor advised her against getting the surgery and referred her to Dr. Brian Czerniecki at Moffitt Cancer Center, who told her about a pioneering study he was conducting to test a completely new way of fighting breast cancer–not solely with chemotherapy, radiation or surgery but by harnessing the power of her...
Re: Yang CJ, Kumar A, Gulack BC, Mulvihill MS, Hartwig MG, Wang X, et al. Long-term outcomes after lobectomy for non–small cell lung cancer when unsuspected pN2 disease is found: A National Cancer Data Base analysis. J Thoracic Cardiovasc Surg. 2016;151:1380-8.
Contributors : Ruo-Pan Huang ; Xinchun ChenSeries Type : Protein profiling by protein arrayOrganism : Homo sapiensMycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) antigen-specific cellular response is promising for detectionof Mtb infection, but not efficient for diagnosis of TB. We firstly identified 16 TB disease-specific protein markers measured in the culture supernatant of Mtb-stimulated whole blood using a 640 human proteins array, the highest throughput antibody-based protein array available at the time when we did this study. Potential TB-related proteins were then analyzed across three different patient cohorts comprised of...
New J. Chem., 2019, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/C9NJ01211G, Papermaryam monajati, Ali Tamaddon, Gholamhossein Yousefi, Samira Abolmaali, Rassoul Dinarvand Recently, numerous bioconjugation procedures were developed to promote the pharmacokinetic and immunological properties of L-asparaginase (ASNase), anti-leukemic enzyme. Here, compared with PEGylation, the influence of the protein conjugation with poly(HPMA)... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Analyst, 2019, Advance Article DOI: 10.1039/C9AN00691E, PaperBo Yin, Sha Sha Li, Shao Hua Lu, Jia Ying Mi, Hong Lin Zhai The feature information was extracted from the 3D spectrum by the TM method, and the simultaneous quantification of intracellular thiols was realized. To cite this article before page numbers are assigned, use the DOI form of citation above. The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
AbstractA novel series of coumarin-pyridine/fused pyridine hybrids were designed and synthesized. Their anticancer activity was evaluated against human cancer cell lines MCF-7, HCT-116, HepG-2, and A549. Compounds9,10, and11 showed the most potent growth inhibitory activities with IC50 values ranging from 1.1 to 2.4 μM, against MCF-7 cell line. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that these compounds induced cell cycle arrest in the G2/M phase followed by apoptotic cell death. Consistent with these results, the activity of caspase-3 in MCF-7 cells was tested. The results indicated that compounds9,10, and11 increas...
(Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University) A checkpoint may delay travelers but it can help give cancer free rein by suppressing the natural immune response that should destroy it, researchers say.
Contributors : Rui Kuang ; Wei ZhangSeries Type : OtherOrganism : Homo sapiensThe NanoString experiment were conducted on 59 cell lines including 12 ovary cell lines, 12 lung cell lines, 11 colon cell lines, 10 breast cell lines, 4 pancreas cell lines, 2 prostate cell lines, 2 stomach cell lines, and 6 cell lines of 6 other types of tissues. A total of 403 probes were customized to estimate the isoform expressions of 155 cancer genes curated from the literature with more reliable isoform annotations, where each of the 155 gene contains at least two isoforms.
Contributors : Shin-ichiro Ohno ; Masahiko KurodaSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiensIn order to identify divergent transcripts involved in cancer development, next-generation sequencing analysis of RNA extracted from cancer and normal lung tissue was performed.
ConclusionsManagement of patients with advanced rectal cancer and radiologically positive lateral pelvic lymph nodes is challenging due to high local recurrence rates. Further studies are needed to develop care pathways for the optimal treatment processes.
ConclusionTest sensitivity, test frequency and out-of-pocket cost were the key factors influencing surveillance uptake. Patients prefer a test with the highest sensitivity, offered frequently, that incurs no upfront costs.
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