Measuring Mosquito-borne Viral Suitability in Myanmar and Implications for Local Zika Virus Transmission

In this study, we were able to demonstrate that our measure for mosquito-borne viral suitability is informative in the context of Myanmar, despite the lack of ento-epidemiological datasets with high spatio-temporal resolution. By estimating suitability through climate variables and known ento-epidemiological parameters, we were able to project mosquito-born virus (MBV) suitability at the district level, a resolution for which epidemiological data and mosquito abundance measures are not generally available. Here, we discuss the national and subnational public health and control implications for MBVs in the context of our projections. At both the national and subnational levels, the wet season (Jun – Oct) was estimated to have the highest potential for MBVs transmission, in accordance with reported epidemiological time series. Since this was observed across Myanmar, it suggests that the epidemic potential of each district peaks during this period independently of their spatial location. In contrast, the hot and dry season (Mar – May) presented the lowest potential, also consistently across Myanmar, in accordance with what are known to be less favourable climate conditions for the vector. We therefore argue that in Myanmar, adequate surveillance and health care delivery resources should be fully operational by the end of the hot and dry season (May), in anticipation for the increase in MBVs case counts that is likely to occur in the following months. A similar argum...
Source: PLOS Currents Outbreaks - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research

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Conclusion: This paper features an autonomous, portable, 1-min analysis time, and low-cost per test device, without the need for samples, centrifugation, allowing the use of whole blood. Significance: The presented device is a step ahead for meeting the growing clinical demands for reliable, rapid, portable, and quantitative malaria diagnosis.
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
In this study, we examined bacterial communities from cyanobacterial-lichen and moss crust soils in five desert habitats in northern China, and evaluated the relative importance of environmental factors and biocrust development versus geographic distance to the distance–decay relationship. To explore the effects of the sampling scale on geographical patterns, we also examined soil bacterial communities along the slope of sand dunes. Across the five desert habitats, bacterial α-diversity, phylogenetic diversity, and the dominant bacterial phyla in cyanobacterial-lichen crusts did not increase consistently with p...
Source: Soil Biology and Biochemistry - Category: Biology Source Type: research
In this study, surface water and sediment samples were collected in the South Yellow Sea close to Jiangsu Province China, and 26 legacy as well as emerging PFASs were investigated. Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorobutane sulfonate (PFBS) were predominant in the coastal water of the South Yellow Sea with a relatively higher level than other coastal regions in the world. PFBS and 6:2 fuorotelomer sulfonic acid (6:2 FTSA) were two major alternatives of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) which were used in textile surface treatment and fire-fighting foams, respectively. Multiple receptor models identified that fluoropo...
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
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Source: Isotopes in Environmental Health Studies - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: Journal of Health EconomicsAuthor(s): Corrado Giulietti, Mirco Tonin, Michael VlassopoulosAbstractThis paper provides evidence that daily fluctuations in the stock market have important–and hitherto neglected–spillover effects on fatal car accidents. Using the universe of fatal car accidents in the United States from 1990 to 2015, we find that a one standard deviation reduction in daily stock market returns is associated with a 0.6% increase in fatal car accidents that happen after the stock market opening. A battery of falsification tests support a caus...
Source: Journal of Health Economics - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS The evaluated services had incipient implementation of comprehensive care for older adults. The evaluation framework can contribute to processes to improve the quality of primary health care.RESUMO OBJETIVO Avaliar o desempenho da aten ção integral ao idoso em serviços de atenção primária do Sistema Único de Saúde no estado de São Paulo, Brasi lMÉTODOS Um total de 157 serviços de atenção primária de cinco regiões de saúde do centro-oeste paulista respondeu, de outubro a dezembro de 2014, o instrumento...
Source: Revista de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To verify regional inequalities regarding access and quality of prenatal and birth care in Brazilian public health services and associated perinatal outcomes METHODS Birth in Brazil was a national hospital-based survey conducted between 2011 and 2012, which included 19,117 women with public-funded births. Regional differences in socio-demographic and obstetric characteristics, as well as differences in access and quality of prenatal and birth care were tested by the χ 2 test. The following outcomes were assessed: spontaneous preterm birth, provider-initiated preterm birth, low birth weight, intrauter...
Source: Revista de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS Despite the high coverage of the Family Health Strategy, occupational risk and its consequences have not been detected by health services, which do not seem oriented to primary care, even lacking their essential attributes. There is a need for immediate and effective adaptation of public policies regarding the health of rural workers, with adequate training of teams and review of the portfolio of PHC services offered.ABSTRACT OBJETIVO Avaliar os atributos da aten ção primária à saúde (APS) na assistência à saúde de trabalhadores rurais; analisar condi&ccedi...
Source: Revista de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Conclusions and discussion: Increasingly, U.S. policymakers seek to promote provider integration and coordination. Emerging evidence suggests that organizational structures, composition, and other characteristics  influence cost and quality performance. Given current efforts to reform the U.S. delivery system, future research should seek to systematically examine the role of organizational structure in cost and quality outcomes. Published on 2020-01-20 11:09:36
Source: International Journal of Integrated Care - Category: Nursing Source Type: research
A new Chinese coronavirus, a cousin of the SARS virus, has infected more than 200 people since the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December. Scientist Leo Poon, who first decoded the virus, thinks it likely started in an animal and spread to humans.
Source: CNN.com - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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