The association between individual counselling and health behaviour change: the See Kidney Disease (SeeKD) targeted screening programme for chronic kidney disease

The objectives of this study are to determine the effectiveness of individual counselling sessions for eliciting behaviour change and to describe participant characteristics associated with behaviour change.DesignThis is a cross-sectional, descriptive study.SettingThe study setting is the National SeeKD targeted screening programme.PatientsThe participants are all ‘at risk’ patients who were screened for CKD and returned a follow-up health behaviour survey (n = 1129).MeasurementsHealth behaviour change was defined as a self-reported change in lifestyle, including dietary changes or medication adherence.MethodsAn individual counselling session was provided to participants by allied healthcare professionals to promote health behaviour change. A survey was mailed to all participants at risk of CKD within 2 –4 weeks following the screening event to determine if behaviour changes had been initiated. Descriptive statistics were used to describe respondent characteristics and self-reported behaviour change following screening events. Results were stratified by estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR ) (
Source: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Related Links:

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a public health threat with impact in cardiovascular risk. All forms of cardiovascular disease and mortality are more common in CKD. Treatment of cardiovascular risk factors, hypertension, dyslipidemia and diabetes is essential for cardiovascular and kidney protection. CKD is a marker of high or very high cardiovascular risk and its presence require early treatment and specific goals. Lifestyle is a pivotal factor, stopping smoking, reducing weight in the overweight or obese, starting regular physical exercise and healthy dietary pattern are recommended. Office BP should be lowered towards 1...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: REVIEWS AND META-ANALYSES Source Type: research
Objective: We studied clinical outcomes of COVID-19 infection in patients living with HIV (PLH) in comparison to non-HIV population. Design: Analysis of a multicentre research network TriNETX was performed including patients more than 10 years of age diagnosed with COVID-19. Methods: Outcomes in COVID-19 positive patients with concurrent HIV (PLH) were compared with a propensity-matched cohort of patients without HIV (non-PLH). Results: Fifty thousand one hundred and sixty-seven patients with COVID-19 were identified (49,763 non-PLH, 404 PLH). PLH were more likely to be men, African–American, obese and hav...
Source: AIDS - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: FAST TRACK Source Type: research
, Mofenson L, Smith G, Mills EJ, Mellors JW, Zumla A, Mavungu Landu DJ, Kayembe JM Abstract Little is known about the clinical features and outcomes of SARS-CoV-2 infection in Africa. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients hospitalized for COVID-19 between March 10, 2020 and July 31, 2020 at seven hospitals in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Outcomes included clinical improvement within 30 days (primary) and in-hospital mortality (secondary). Of 766 confirmed COVID-19 cases, 500 (65.6%) were male, with a median (interquartile range [IQR]) age of 46 (34-58) years. One hundred ninety...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by SARS-COV-2 virus is a global pandemic impacting nearly 10 million people worldwide. Since the initial detection in December 2019, this novel coronavirus has posed major challenges to the human race. The disease has a varied spectrum of presentation with respiratory system being most commonly affected followed by the cardiovascular (CV) system in later stages of the disease.1 Multiple risk factors accounting for an adverse outcome include older age, male sex and presence of comorbidities such as diabetes, hypertension, chronic kidney disease and obesity.
Source: Heart and Lung - Category: Intensive Care Authors: Source Type: research
Recently, we reported that Dahl salt-sensitive leptin receptor mutant (SSLepRmutant) rats exhibit dyslipidemia and renal lipid accumulation independent of hyperglycemia that progresses to chronic kidney disease (CKD). Therefore, in the current study, we examined the effects of gemfibrozil, a lipid-lowering drug (200 mg/kg/day, orally), on the progression of renal injury in SS and SSLepRmutant rats for 4 weeks starting at 12 weeks of age. Plasma triglyceride levels were markedly elevated in the SSLepRmutant strain compared to SS rats (1193 ± 243 and 98 ± 16 mg/day, respectively). Gemfibrozil treatment only red...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
l Kim Elevated homocysteine (Hcy) levels and metabolic syndrome (MetS) are associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We investigated the combined effects of hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) and MetS on CKD among community-dwelling adults in an urban area of South Korea. We also identified the combination of HHcy and individual MetS components associated with the maximal risk of CKD. A retrospective cross-sectional study involving 19,311 health examinees between 2 January 2011 and 31 December 2015 was conducted. The participants were divided into four groups—namely, the HHcy−/MetS−, HHcy&...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Abstract More frequent and intense periods of extreme heat (heatwaves) represent the most direct challenge to human health posed by climate change. Older adults are particularly vulnerable, especially those with common age-associated chronic health conditions (e.g., cardiovascular disease, hypertension, obesity, type 2 diabetes, chronic kidney disease). In parallel, the global population is aging and age-associated disease rates are on the rise. Impairments in the physiological responses tasked with maintaining homeostasis during heat exposure have long been thought to contribute to increased risk of health disord...
Source: Environment International - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research
We present the recommendations of the Brazilian Society of Nephrology regarding the treatment of pediatric patients with kidney diseases during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Articles and documents from medical societies and government agencies on specific recommendations for children on RRT in relation to COVID-19 as well as those focused on epidemiological aspects of this condition in Brazil Were evaluated and analyzed. RESULTS: We present recommendations on outpatient care, transportation to dialysis centers, peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis, and kidney transplantation in children and adolescents during the CO...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: BP played a major role in renal progression in the general population with NRF. Strict BP control may help prevent CKD in the general population. PMID: 32864910 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
Diet and nutrition can help improve overall and kidney health, but they can also cause kidney disease.1 Evidence suggests that high intake of dietary protein especially from animal sources may increase the risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD)2 in a similar way that high energy intake and presence of obesity often cause diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Once CKD is present, certain types of foods and other nutritional interventions such as a plant-dominant, low-protein diet or weight and body fat control can help slow the rate of CKD progression.
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
More News: Canada Health | Chronic Kidney Disease | Diets | Eating Disorders & Weight Management | Nutrition | Obesity | Statistics | Study | Urology & Nephrology