Vertebroplasty in Elderly Patients: A Clinical Effectiveness Analysis

AbstractPurpose of ReviewMinimally invasive vertebral augmentation procedures (VAP) have been first introduced to provide pain relief in patients with osteoporotic vertebral fractures (VF). However, in the last decade scientific literature revealed to be quite controversial about their efficacy. The aim of this review was to analyze clinical evidences from current literature, supported by our own experience.Recent FindingsCompared to conservative therapies, VAP represent an effective treatment for recent VF and, in elderly patients, reduce mortality and morbidity. Advances in technology have widened the fields of application towards other spine pathologies typical of elderly, such as primary and metastatic tumors.SummaryIn patients with severe pain for recent or un-healed vertebral fracture, VAP are clinically more effective than conservative treatment. Accurate pain assessment and pre-procedural Magnetic Resonance Imaging are highly recommended to obtain optimal patient selection and best treatment results.
Source: Current Radiology Reports - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

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Rationale: Paragangliomas are rare neuroendocrine tumors that originate in specialized cells derived from the neural crest with metastasis to the thoracic spine being among the rarest forms. Here, we are presenting a detailed analysis of a case of malignant paraganglioma in the thoracic spinal region in a 14-year-old boy. Our focus is to emphasize the importance of considering malignant paraganglioma as a diagnosis and guiding the perioperative management upon surgical treatment. The management of these unique cases has yet to be well-documented. Patient concerns: A 14-year-old boy presented with a 5-month history of ...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
This study’s goal was to (i) assess the clinical outcomes with and without vertebral augmentation (VA) for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) with versus without correlating signs and symptoms; and (ii) acute (symptoms 6 mo). Summary of Background Data: Previously, a randomized controlled trial in the New England Journal of Medicine concluded that vertebroplasty for osteoporotic VCFs provided no clinical benefit over sham surgery. However, the VCFs examined had no clinical correlation with symptom, physical examination, or imaging (magnetic resonance imaging/bone scan) findings. Nonetheless...
Source: Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques - Category: Surgery Tags: Systematic Review Source Type: research
We report a case of the vertebral fracture after removing pedicle screws instrumented for PLIF. A 66-year-old woman with osteopenia, who underwent PLIF at L4–S1 10 years earlier, underwent PLIF at L3–L4 to correct adjacent-segment degeneration. We removed L5 and S1 pedicle screws, and inserted L3 pedicle screws. After surgery, she presented with severe progressive low back pain. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed an L5 body fracture involving the pedicle screw holes. Revision surgery, including posterolateral fusion from L3 to S2 alar iliac and L5 vertebroplasty, was perfor...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Rationale: Benign metastasizing leiomyoma (BML) is rare condition involving distant metastases secondary to benign uterine leiomyoma, and it is most commonly found in the lungs. It rarely metastasizes to the spine to cause osteolytic damage and spinal canal compression. Patient concerns: A 51-year-old woman with low back and bilateral leg pain and paresthesia was admitted to our ward. She has a previous medical history of uterine leiomyomas. Magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar spine revealed vertebral body osteolytic destruction and soft tissue mass in the L4/5 with a secondary lumbar spinal stenosis. Positron em...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
ConclusionWe report a case treated with endoscopic procedure without open surgery for acute pyogenic spondylodiscitis following vertebroplasty.
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: PVP is an effective and safe procedure for the treatment of symptomatic SNs, which are refractory to medical or physical therapy.Key words: Percutaneous vertebroplasty, symptomatic Schmorl's nodes, vertebral endplate fracture, endplate osteonecrosis, Modic changes. PMID: 28158154 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pain Physician - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Pain Physician Source Type: research
Rationale: To describe a novel indication for a method through minimally invasive extreme lateral interbody fusion (XLIF) in combination with percutaneous pedicle screwsfixation in the treatment of lumbar tuberculosis (TB) in an elderly patient, and its clinical efficacy and feasibility. Lumbar TB is a destructive form of TB. Antituberculous treatment should be started as early as possible. In some circumstances, however, surgical debridement with or without stabilization of the spine appears to be beneficial and may be recommended. Surgeries through the approach of anterior or posterior are still challenging and often inv...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusion. Our study shows an incidence of unsuspected malignancy in biopsies during PVP of 4.9%. Conservative treatment with analgesics and brace can potentially delay diagnosis and treatment of underlying malignant disease. We recommend biopsy during PVP as a standard procedure, to insure not to overlook any underlying malignancy despite the MRI-scan, blood analysis, and clinical examination being inconspicuous. Level of Evidence: 3
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Surgery Source Type: research
oğan C, Hakyemez B Abstract PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the effectiveness, benefits, and reliability of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PV) in patients with vertebral involvement of multiple myeloma. METHODS: PV procedures performed on 166 vertebrae of 41 patients with multiple myeloma were retrospectively evaluated. Most of our patients were using level 3 (moderate to severe pain) analgesics. Magnetic resonance imaging was performed before the procedure to assess vertebral involvement of multiple myeloma. The following variables were evaluated: affected vertebral levels, loss of vertebral body height, polymeth...
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology : The Turkish Society of Radiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Diagn Interv Radiol Source Type: research
We report a rare case of a 61-year-old man suffering from severe lower back pain and intermittent abdominal fullness. He came to our clinic, where muscle power was normal, but could not stand up or change posture because of severe back pain. Plain film and magnetic resonance imaging of lumbar spine both revealed osteoblastic lesion at L2 spine. Abdomen computed tomography showed a mass at the pancreatic body. The pancreatic cancer with osteoblastic metastasis was diagnosed. After receiving multimodality therapy such as percutaneous vertebroplasty and pain controlling, we provided effective palliation of symptoms, aggressiv...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
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