Radiological manifestations of renal osteodystrophy in the orofacial region: a case report and literature review

AbstractRenal osteodystrophy (ROD) is a metabolic skeletal pathology that frequently affects the orofacial region and presents with characteristic radiological manifestations. This paper reports a case of ROD causing diffused orofacial bone alterations in a female patient with end-stage chronic kidney disease. The radiological features on panoramic, posteroanterior and lateral skull and computed tomography radiographs are described for this case. Previous reports in the literature are reviewed and discussed with a focus on radiological characteristics and differential diagnoses.
Source: Oral Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

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ConclusionsMönckeberg medial calcinosis is an incidental finding on panoramic or CBCT imaging. Clinically and radiographically, its importance for the clinician is its strong association with diabetes and chronic kidney disease. The significance of Mönckeberg sclerosis of the infraorbital arteries is unknown. Radiologists and clinicians should be aware of this entity and the importance of documentation of any findings.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Introduction: CMML is a myeloid neoplasm hallmarked by cytopenias and a peripheral monocytosis. Although uniformly fatal, many patients (pts) are diagnosed incidentally and are monitored without treatment. Therapy is implemented when symptomatic cytopenias, splenomegaly, or bone marrow progression occur. Higher white blood cell count (WBC) and absolute monocyte count (AMC) are associated with inferior OS, however, they are currently not an indication for treatment. Case reports have demonstrated a putative link between CMML monocytes and end organ damage (EOD), which has not been systematically explored. We hypothesize tha...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 637. Myelodysplastic Syndromes-Clinical Studies: Poster II Source Type: research
We report a case of PLSVC in a patient with chronic kidney disease which was identified following a difficult catheterization into the right internal jugular vein (IJV). The catheterization was attempted through the left IJV and the position of which could not be confirmed with check radiograph and two-dimensional echo. PLSVC was suspected in the computed tomography angiography and was confirmed following digital subtraction angiography.
Source: Indian Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Liu ZH, Yu XQ, Yang JW, Jiang AL, Liu BC, Xing CY, Lou JZ, Wang M, Cheng H, Liu J, Fu JZ, Zhang AH, Zhang M, Zhou QL, Yu C, Wang R, Wang L, Chen YQ, Guan TJ, Peng A, Nan C, Hao CM, Cheng XY, China Dialysis Calcification Study Group Abstract OBJECTIVE: With limited data available on calcification prevalence in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients on dialysis, the China Dialysis Calcification Study (CDCS) determined the prevalence of vascular/valvular calcification (VC) and association of risk factors in Chinese patients with prevalent hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD). METHODS: CKD patients...
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The introduction of a CEUS based protocol for EVAR follow up was safe and effective and it was similar to the previous CTA based follow up protocol with regard to identification of endoleaks in a mid-term period. Moreover, CEUS allowed for 90% reduction of CTA, thereby decreasing radiation exposure for patients. PMID: 29673811 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: PubMed: Eur J Vasc Endovasc ... - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg Source Type: research
Kanjevac, Tatjana / Bijelic, Borivoj / Brajkovic, Denis / Vasovic, Miroslav / Stolic, RadojicaPage 79 - 85Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become a worldwide public health problem. It is estimated that nearly 90% of patients with chronic renal failure manifest some symptoms of oral disease. With advances in medical treatment, CKD patients are living longer and require oral care. Chronic kidney disease is often accompanied by disturbances in mineral metabolism which are classified as their own clinical entity known as CKD-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD). CKD-MBD affects all aspects of bone physiology: bone volume, bone ...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
ConclusionPAC was better than AAC in predicting mortality in CKD, HD and KT patients.
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
AbstractRenal osteodystrophy (ROD) is a metabolic skeletal pathology that frequently affects the orofacial region and presents with characteristic radiological manifestations. This paper reports a case of ROD causing diffused orofacial bone alterations in a female patient with end-stage chronic kidney disease. The radiological features on panoramic, posteroanterior and lateral skull and computed tomography radiographs are described for this case. Previous reports in the literature are reviewed and discussed with a focus on radiological characteristics and differential diagnoses.
Source: Oral Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Conclusions:Diagnostic or therapeutic angiography is frequently performed for acute ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke. Clinicians should be aware of contrast induced encephalopathy and consider it in cases of neurologic deterioration after angiography in order to initiate appropriate treatment and avoid unnecessary invasive tests.Disclosure: Dr. Bakradze has nothing to disclose. Dr. Pasquale has nothing to disclose. Dr. Kirchoff-Torres has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease Case Reports II Source Type: research
Discussion CAC was frequent in patients with incident dialysis, and multiple regression analysis showed that only age was significantly associated with the CAC score. In addition, L‐spine radiography could be a helpful modality for diagnosing CAC in patients with incident dialysis.
Source: Hemodialysis International - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
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