Swept source optical coherence tomography and optical coherence tomography angiography in pediatric enhanced S-cone syndrome: a case report

ConclusionsSwept source structural optical coherence tomography (B scans and “en face” images) and optical coherence tomography angiography allowed the observation of retinal structural details and the involvement of each retinal layer and capillary plexus in enhanced S-cone syndrome. Of interest, neither of the twoNR2E3 gene variants found in this case report have been linked to any form of retinopathy.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Related Links:

Conclusion The diaphragmatic muscle thickness was related to the fall in diastolic blood pressure in the standing position. This indicates that adequate diaphragmatic muscle thickness helps to maintain intrathoracic pressure and prevents excessive drop in blood pressure in the standing position.
Source: Blood Pressure Monitoring - Category: Cardiology Tags: Clinical Methods and Pathophysiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 November 2019Source: Neurophysiologie CliniqueAuthor(s): Yasemin Akıncı, Furkan Asan, Melis Sohtaoğlu, Melih Tütüncü, Uğur Uygunoğlu, Sabahattin Saip, Ayşegül Gündüz, Meral E. KızıltanSummaryWe hypothesized that brainstem responses may allow detection of functional brainstem changes in patients with neuro-Behçet Disease (NBD). Thus, we recorded electrically-induced blink reflex (eBR), auditory blink reflex (aBR) and electrically-induced masseter inhibitory reflex (eMIR) in 16 patients with NBD. However, these neurophysiological tests pr...
Source: Neurophysiologie Clinique - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 November 2019Source: Neuroscience LettersAuthor(s): Yuting Liu, Han Yin, Huan Ma, Xueju Yu, Guihao Liu, Lan Guo, Qingshan GengAbstractIndividuals with anxiety disorder often exhibit as imbalance in response to stressors.We sought to explore the relationship between physiological as well as psychological responses under acute mental stress and the severity of the disease.20 Generalized Anxiety Disorder(GAD) patients (14 males,mean age 46 ± 10 years) were confronted with the stroop test,during which salivary-α-amylase(sAA),salivary cortisol,and heart rate varia...
Source: Neuroscience Letters - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 November 2019Source: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular &Integrative PhysiologyAuthor(s): Montana F. McLean, Matthew K. Litvak, Erin M. Stoddard, Steven J. Cooke, David A. Patterson, Scott G. Hinch, David W. Welch, Glenn T. CrossinAbstractWhite sturgeon are the largest freshwater fish in North America and are the focus of an intense catch-and-release (C&R) fishery; the effects are largely unknown. We assessed the effect of fight and handling time, water temperature, river discharge rate, and fish size on physiological and reflex impairment responses of wild w...
Source: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Cough is a common feature of asthma, which is often resistant to inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs). The pathophysiology of this refractoriness may differ between daytime and nighttime asthmatic cough. We sought to identify factors contributing to ICS-refractory daytime and nighttime asthmatic cough. METHODS: Sixty-seven patients with asthma presenting solely or predominantly with chronic cough were prospectively enrolled from April 2012 to December 2014. At baseline and 12 weeks after ICS treatment, the capsaicin cough threshold (C2, C5) and methacholine airway sensitivity and reactivity wer...
Source: Journal of Investigational Allergology and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol Source Type: research
ConclusionNon-mechanical EXCIMER trephination seems to have advantages regarding postoperative corneal astigmatism and visual acuity compared with FEMTO trephination, especially in KC. A bigger sample size and longer follow-up are needed to evaluate the long-term impact of EXCIMER and FEMTO trephination on postoperative topographic and visual outcomes.
Source: Advances in Therapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Catecholamines released by sympathetic nerves can activate adrenergic receptors present on nearly every cell type, including myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs). Using in vitro systems, murine tumor models in wild-type and genetically modified (β2-AR–/–) mice, and adoptive transfer approaches, we found that the degree of β2-AR signaling significantly influences MDSC frequency and survival in tumors and other tissues. It also modulates their expression of immunosuppressive molecules such as arginase-I and PD-L1 and alters their ability to suppress the proliferation of T cells. The regulatory funct...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundThere are no consensus criteria for diagnosing upper urinary tract infections (UTI). Therefore, we conducted a study to assess whether bacterial colony counts of  ≥ 103 CFU/ml are optimal for diagnosing upper UTIs among infants.MethodsThis retrospective observational study included 673 patients (
Source: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 November 2019Source: Neuroscience ResearchAuthor(s): Kounosuke Hirata, Yuto Nishiki, Ryosuke Goto, Mikito Inagaki, Katsuo Oshima, Yoshihito Shimazu, Mamoru TakedaAbstractSystemic administration of the dietary constituent, resveratrol, was previously shown to inhibit the nociceptive jaw-opening reflex (JOR) via the endogenous opioid system. The present study investigated whether resveratrol could similarly affect the JOR under in vivo conditions via 5 H T3 receptor-mediated GABAergic inhibition. We used electrical stimulation of the tongue in pentobarbital-anesthetized rats...
Source: Neuroscience Research - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) causes severe disability and death of young men due to progressive muscle degeneration aggravated by sterile inflammation. DMD is also associated with cognitive and bone-function impairments. This complex phenotype results from the cumulative loss of a spectrum of dystrophin isoforms expressed from the largest human gene. Although there is evidence for the loss of shorter isoforms having impact in the central nervous system, their role in muscle is unclear. We found that at eight weeks, the active phase of pathology in dystrophic mice, dystrophin-null mice (mdx βgeo) presented with a ...
Source: American Journal of Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Source Type: research
More News: Angiography | General Medicine | Genetics | Girls | Ophthalmoscopy | Opthalmology | Pediatrics | PET Scan | Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy | Vitamin A