Investigation of pediatric specifications for the Salivary Multi Test® saliva test system

Publication date: Available online 23 September 2018Source: Pediatric Dental JournalAuthor(s): Yasumasa Irie, Nobuyuki Tatsukawa, Yuko Iwamoto, Masashi Nakano, Tomoko Ogasawara, Kaoru Sakurai, Chieko Mitsuhata, Katsuyuki KozaiAbstractBackgroundDental caries and gingivitis are the main diseases in pediatric dentistry, and the saliva test is useful for their diagnosis. For children, it is important that the saliva test be simple and easily performed because their degree of cooperation varies. In this sense, the Salivary Multi Test® (SMT®) is superior to other tests. However, the reference value for the SMT® was only reported for adults. Therefore, the aim of our research was to evaluate the usefulness of the SMT® in children.MethodsWe investigated 125 pediatric patients, aged 3 to 18 years, who came to the Pediatric Dental Clinic at Hiroshima University Hospital. We obtained rinse water (oral rinsing for 10 seconds with 3 ml of distilled water) from boys and girls. Then, we examined cariogenic bacteria level, acidity, occult blood, buffer capacity, leukocyte level, protein level, and ammonia level (SMT® factors) using the rinse water with the SMT®. Additionally, in order to investigate the relevance between these SMT® factors and DMF or PMA, we evaluated the decayed-missing-filled (DMF) tooth for the morbidity state of caries and the papilla-marginal-attached (PMA) index for the morbidity state of the gingiva.ResultsWe were able to perform the tests ...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

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Condition:   Gingivitis Interventions:   Other: Placebo;   Other: GMNL-143 Probiotic Toothpastes;   Other: GMNL-464 Probiotic Toothpastes Sponsors:   GenMont Biotech Incorporation;   Kaohsiung Medical University Chung-Ho Memorial Hospital Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
This study aimed to investigate the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) prevalence and viral load in subgingival sites of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) positive (HIV+) individuals, correlating subgingival EBV load to the clinical periodontal condition, HIV systemic load, EBV systemic load, and use of antiretroviral therapy (ART).Method and materials: Ninety individuals were recruited and divided into three categories: those without periodontal disease (G1), with gingivitis (G2), and with periodontitis (G3). Subgingival biofilm and blood samples were analyzed by quantitative polymerase chain reactions (qPCR). A questionn...
Source: Quintessence International - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
is a disease that manifests approximately 3 months after consuming a diet lacking ascorbic acid.1 Most of the clinical manifestations of scurvy result from defective collagen metabolism, causing degeneration of vascular and perivascular connective tissues and changes in endothelial cells. Consequently, scurvy represents a vessel-mediated bleeding disorder characterized by hemorrhagic gingivitis, petechiae, and subperiosteal and perifollicular hemorrhages. It is crucial to recognize and treat scurvy, as catastrophic fatal hemorrhage, including myocardial and cerebral bleeding, occur in late disease stages.
Source: Mayo Clinic Proceedings - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research
This article highlights the challenges to early-stage diagnosis of initial multiple gingival enlargements because histologic biopsies are often nonspecific and histology alone may not be sufficient to make a correct diagnosis of GPA from gingival specimens. Because strawberry gingivitis may be the first manifestation of GPA, awareness of it should be increased so that it can be diagnosed by its unique clinical appearance and additional related diagnostic parameters even if the histologic gingival findings are nonspecific.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionsOrthodontic treatment induces significant changes in the oral microbial flora associated with gingivitis and an enhanced risk for cariogenic reactions within the first days of orthodontic treatment. To prevent or reduce infectious side effects, oral hygiene instructions and control of patients are necessary before and during the beginning of the therapy.
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Conclusions: 0.2% sodium hypochlorite mouthwash is as effective as 0.2% chlorhexidine for the treatment of gingivitis as it is an adjunct to mechanical plaque removal in terms of safety, less side effects, less staining and can be used as a routine mouthwash.
Source: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: Group A and Group C showed better results than Group B.
Source: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsMyanmar students had a high prevalence of dental caries and gingivitis. Socioeconomic condition, oral hygiene status and oral health behaviours were all determined to be significant risk indicators.
Source: International Dental Journal - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Scientific Research Report Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe use of antioxidant-essential oil gel, amine fluoride gel, 0.4% stannous fluoride gel (98% availability of Sn+2) and 2% chlorhexidine gel resulted in significant improvement in gingivitis. However, probing depth in follow-up visits showed no significant difference between antimicrobial gel and control group.RésuméObjectifCette étude a pour but d’évaluer l’efficacité des gels antiseptiques en parallèle du brossage pour améliorer la santé gingivale des patients porteurs d’un appareil orthodontique fixe.Matériels et méthodesT...
Source: International Orthodontics - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
The control of biofilm adherence on tooth surface has always been the keystone of periodontal therapeutic systems. However, prevalence of gingivitis suggest inadequacy of self-performed oral hygiene measures a...
Source: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
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