The role of CCR5 in directing the mobilization and biological function of CD11b + Gr1 + Ly6C low polymorphonuclear myeloid cells in cancer

AbstractBone marrow (BM) cells of the hematopoietic system, also known as BM-derived leukocytes (BMD), are mobilized from the BM to the blood and then colonize tumor sites. These cells then become key players in either promoting or regulating the development and progression of tumors. Among the cells that suppress anti-tumor immunity are regulatory T cells (Tregs), tumor-associated macrophages (TAMS) and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC). MDSC comprise CD11b+Gr1+Ly6Clow polymorphonuclear myeloid cells (PMN-MDSC), and CD11b+Gr1+Ly6Chigh monocytic myeloid cells (Mo-MDSC). Several studies including ours have identified the CCR2 –CCL2 axis as the key driver of the mobilization of monocytic cells from the BM to the blood and later their colonization at the tumor site. The current review focuses on the mechanisms by which PMN-MDSC are mobilized from the BM to the blood and later to the tumor site, and their clinical implica tions.
Source: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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cute;r Katja Vetvik Previously recognized classical human onco-viruses can regulate complex neoplastic events, and are estimated to play a role during carcinogenesis in 15–20% of cancer cases. Although the DNA and gene products of several viruses have been found in breast tumors, none of the classical onco-viruses have definitely been linked to the initiation of breast cancer. However, recent evidence shows that human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) gene products are found in >90% of tumors and metastases of breast cancers, and their increased expression can be correlated to a more aggressive breast cancer ph...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Immunotherapy, Ahead of Print.
Source: Immunotherapy - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
In recognition of his groundbreaking work on the mechanisms underlying the cellular response to infection, Dr. Zhijian “James” Chen of the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas has received the 2019 Switzer Prize awarded by the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA.At the prize ceremony on the UCLA campus, during which Chen delivered a lecture about his research focused on the role of DNA in triggering immune defense and autoimmune diseases, the scientist said he was honored to receive the award and then joked that “to this day, I still don’t know who nominated me.”C...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
The inventors of a new and unique cancer immunotherapy developed at Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center have announced a major step forward with that therapy, SurVaxM — a multimillion-dollar...(PRWeb November 21, 2019)Read the full story at
Source: PRWeb: Medical Pharmaceuticals - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
AbstractProgrammed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) blockade is only effective in a minority of patients, prompting the search for combinatorial therapies that increase responses. Identifying effective combinations requires lengthy testing and so far has shown few successes. To accelerate progress Voorwerk and colleagues (Nat Med. 25(6):920-8, 2019) used an adaptive trial design to compare 4 short-course therapies (radiotherapy, cyclophosphamide, cisplatin and doxorubicin) for their ability to improve the tumor immune microenvironment and enhance responses to subsequent PD-1 blockade in women with metastatic triple negative bre...
Source: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe confinement within the radiation field and the latency of appearance are suggestive of delayed radiation myelopathy. Nevertheless, the relatively low dose of radiation received and the full recovery after pembrolizumab discontinuation and steroid therapy plead for the contribution of both radiotherapy and immunotherapy in the causality of this complication, as an enhanced inflammatory reaction on a focal post-radiation chronic inflammatory state. In the three previously described cases of myelopathy occurring after radiotherapy and immunotherapy, a complete recovery had not been obtained and the immunotherapy...
Source: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur study provides the first report of the severe, early reactivation of an inactive HBsAg carrier after CAR T cell therapy in DLBCL.Trial registrationChiCTR-OPN-16008526.
Source: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study is the first to achieve selective depletion of specific M2-like macrophage subsets, opening the possibility of eradicating cancer-supporting TAMs whilst sparing those with anti-tumour potential. Targeted TAM depletion with T cell engager-armed EnAd offers a powerful therapeutic approach combining direct cancer cell cytotoxicity with reversal of immune suppression.
Source: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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Source: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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