New supplemental awards boost NIH funding for research on Down syndrome

The trans-NIH initiative will investigate critical health and quality-of-life needs for individuals with Down syndrome.
Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases - Category: American Health Source Type: news

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ConclusionConsidering this fact that medical malpractice was confirmed in a large proportion of some preventable and important complications, therefore, results of this study can be used for developing educational programs for related healthcare providers to prevent those complications.
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract Genes and environmental stimuli cooperate in the regulation of brain development and formation of the adult neuronal architecture. Genetic alterations or exposure to perturbing environmental conditions, therefore, can lead to altered neural processes associated with neurodevelopmental disorders and brain disabilities. In this context, environmental enrichment emerged as a promising and noninvasive experimental treatment for favoring recovery of cognitive and sensory functions in different neurodevelopmental disorders. The aim of this review is to depict, mainly through the much explicative examples of amb...
Source: Neural Plasticity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neural Plast Source Type: research
Authors: Kubota M Abstract Recent evidence suggests that hyperuricemia is an important condition in children and adolescents, particularly in association with noncommunicable diseases. This review aims to summarize our current understanding of this condition in pediatric patients. An analysis of serum uric acid reference values in a healthy population indicates that they increase gradually with age until adolescence, with differences between the sexes arising at about 12 years of age. This information should be taken into consideration when defining hyperuricemia in studies. Gout is extremely rare in childre...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research
Background: Various ocular anomalies are present in the vast majority of individuals with Down syndrome; however, we know little about optic nerve abnormalities. The aim of this cross-sectional comparative study was to describe optic disc morphology in patients with Down syndrome and to determine if the differences found are potentially related to visual acuity. Subjects/methods: Assessable fundus images were obtained in 50 children with Down syndrome and 52 children without Down syndrome. Morphological analysis of the optic nerve was performed, including the disc-to-macula distance (DM) to disc diameter (DD) ratio (DM...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities,Volume 124, Issue 4, Page 293-308, July 2019.
Source: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Authors: Source Type: research
Among children with Down syndrome, the frequency of motor rehabilitation intervention and the age at the start of this intervention are independently related to the age at onset of independent walking. Early motor rehabilitation, before age 6  months, may be effective in reducing motor delay in children with Down syndrome.
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research
American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities,Volume 124, Issue 4, Page 324-338, July 2019.
Source: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Authors: Source Type: research
American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities,Volume 124, Issue 4, Page 354-373, July 2019.
Source: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Authors: Source Type: research
Condition:   Physical Therapy Intervention:   Device: core stability exercises and treadmill training exercises Sponsor:   Cairo University Completed
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Publication date: Available online 12 June 2019Source: Fish &Shellfish ImmunologyAuthor(s): Tze Hann Ng, Ramya Kumar, Kantamas Apitanyasai, Shu-Ting He, Shen-Po Chiu, Han-Ching WangAbstractArthropod hypervariable Dscam (Down syndrome cell adhesion molecule) may be involved in adaptive-like immune characteristics, namely immune priming, enabling the host to “learn” and “remember” pathogens previously encountered in arthropods. However, expression of Dscam in immune-primed arthropods after a second challenge has apparently not been confirmed. Herein, working with Dscam of Australian freshwater cra...
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
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