Definition of the upper reference limit for thyroglobulin antibodies according to the National Academy of Clinical Biochemistry guidelines: comparison of eleven different automated methods

ConclusionsDespite the efforts for harmonization, TgAb methods cannot be used interchangeably. Therefore, additional effort is required to improve analytical performance taking into consideration approved protocols and guidelines. Moreover, TgAb URL should be used with caution in the management of differentiated thyroid carcinoma patients since the presence and/or the degree of TgAb interference in Tg measurement has not yet been well defined.
Source: Autoimmunity Highlights - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

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ConclusionThe results of our series of 13 cases indicate that intraoral soft tissue metastatic carcinomas have a male predilection with a male to female ratio of 11:2, are commonly found in the gingiva and alveolar mucosa (76.9%), present frequently as an easy-bleeding pyogenic granuloma-like lesion (92.3%). In addition, the most common primary cancer site is the liver.
Source: Journal of Dental Sciences - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Conclusion: Patients chronically treated with lithium need to be screened for hypothyroidism, goiter, and hyperparathyroidism, as the prevalence of these endocrine abnormalities is higher in lithium-treated patients than in the general population. The growth inhibitory effects of lithium in medullary TC, pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma and carcinoid were achieved with supratherapeutic concentrations of lithium thus limiting its translational perspective. Currently available clinical data on the efficacy of lithium in the therapy of endocrine tumors in human is limited and associated with conflicting results.
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: KamiƄska-Winciorek G, Cybulska-Stopa B, Lugowska I, Ziobro M, Rutkowski P Abstract The introduction of immunotherapy into the treatment of cancer patients has revolutionised the oncological approach and significantly improved patient survival. The key drugs are immune checkpoint inhibitors (CPIs), whose mechanism of action is to elicit immune response against cancer cell antigens. Three types of CPIs are currently used and approved: an anti-CTLA-4 antibody, ipilimumab; anti-PD-1 antibodies, nivolumab and pembrolizumab; and anti-PD-L1 antibodies: atezolizumab, avelumab and durvalumab. CPIs have been widely...
Source: Advances in Dermatology and Allergology - Category: Dermatology Tags: Postepy Dermatol Alergol Source Type: research
We report the first case of a patient with colon cancer who was diagnosed with a thyroid metastasis in a noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP). A 55-year-old male patient presented with a 19  mm thyroid nodule in the inferior left lobe. It was EU-TIRADS 5 on echography and suspicious of papillary thyroid carcinoma (Bethesda V) on cytology. Macroscopically, the nodule was fleshy and completely encapsulated. At frozen section examination, it demonstrated follicular architecture with mild atypia. Inside the nodule was a focus of tumor with glandular architecture, marked cell...
Source: Head and Neck Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Conditions:   Papillary Thyroid Cancer;   Papillary Thyroid Microcarcinoma Intervention:   Device: RFA Sponsor:   Mayo Clinic Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ConclusionLiterature published in the last decade offers data that support adjuvant postoperative RIT in DTC patients with a tumor diameter exceeding 1  cm. Therefore, at least until randomized prospective studies prove otherwise, the prescription of adjuvant I-131 treatment to all DTC patients with a primary tumor diameter exceeding 1 cm remains a reasonable option.
Source: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
The long-term health-related quality-of-life implications of treating low-risk differentiated thyroid cancer with total thyroidectomy or hemithyroidectomy is important to patients but remains poorly understood.
Source: Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractHow to differentiate thyroid cancer nodules from a large number of benign nodules is always a challenging subject for clinicians. This paper proposes a novel Sal-deel network model to achieve the classification and diagnosis of thyroid cancer, which can simulate visual attention mechanism. The Sal-deep network introduces saliency map as an additional information on the deep residual network, which selectively enhances the feature extracted from different regions according to the mask map. Sal-deep network can work effectively for the benchmark networks with different data sets and different structures, and it is a ...
Source: Journal of Medical Systems - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
Abstract AP-1 is a dimeric complex that is composed of JUN, FOS, ATF and MAF protein families. FOS-related antigen 1 (FRA1) which encoded by FOSL1 gene, belongs to the FOS protein family, and mainly forms an AP-1 complex with the protein of the JUN family to exert an effect. Regulation of FRA1 occurs at levels of transcription and post-translational modification, and phosphorylation is the major post-translational modification. FRA1 is mainly regulated by the mitogen-activated protein kinases signaling pathway and is degraded by ubiquitin-independent proteasomes. FRA1 can affect biological functions, such as tumor...
Source: Molecular Biology Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Mol Biol Rep Source Type: research
ConclusionPulmonary metastasectomy for lesions originating from head and neck provides good long-term survival. Histological subtype was the only statistically significant prognostic factor.
Source: Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
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