Psychological therapies for the management of chronic and recurrent pain in children and adolescents.

Psychological therapies for the management of chronic and recurrent pain in children and adolescents. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Sep 29;9:CD003968 Authors: Fisher E, Law E, Dudeney J, Palermo TM, Stewart G, Eccleston C Abstract BACKGROUND: This is an update of the original Cochrane review first published in Issue 1, 2003, and previously updated in 2009, 2012 and 2014. Chronic pain, defined as pain that recurs or persists for more than three months, is common in childhood. Chronic pain can affect nearly every aspect of daily life and is associated with disability, anxiety, and depressive symptoms. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to update the published evidence on the efficacy of psychological treatments for chronic and recurrent pain in children and adolescents.The primary objective of this updated review was to determine any effect of psychological therapy on the clinical outcomes of pain intensity and disability for chronic and recurrent pain in children and adolescents compared with active treatment, waiting-list, or treatment-as-usual care.The secondary objective was to examine the impact of psychological therapies on children's depressive symptoms and anxiety symptoms, and determine adverse events. SEARCH METHODS: Searches were undertaken of CENTRAL, MEDLINE, MEDLINE in Process, Embase, and PsycINFO databases. We searched for further RCTs in the references of all identified studies, meta-analyses, and reviews, and trial regist...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

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Source: Anxiety, Stress and Coping - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Source Type: research
Postoperative management of hallux valgus varies widely. Setting preoperative expectations is an important aspect of attaining a successful outcome, but this is not routinely reviewed in the literature. This chapter offers suggestions on successfully navigating this area of patient care. Current concepts focus on pain control, immobilization, and return to activities. This chapter also reviews the current literature in these areas and sets out the authors ’ preferred management in the postoperative setting.
Source: Foot and Ankle Clinics - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive GynecologyAuthor(s): Prathiba M. De Silva, Ayesha Mahmud, Paul P. Smith, T. Justin ClarkAbstractObjectiveTo identify the most effective analgesia for women undergoing office hysteroscopy.Data sourcesMedline, Embase, CINAHL and the Cochrane library were searched from inception until August 2019 investigating the effect of different analgesics on pain control in office hysteroscopy.Methods of study selectionRandomised controlled trials were included that investigated the effect of analgesics on pain experienced by women undergoing diagnos...
Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive GynecologyAuthor(s): Whitney Trotter Ross, Jordan M. Newell, Richard Zaino, Allen R. Kunselman, Gerald J. Harkins, Andrea S. BentonAbstractStudy ObjectiveTo evaluate the diagnosis of appendiceal endometriosis in coincidental appendectomy specimens using a standard versus modified histopathologic analysis.DesignProspective analysis of 300 consecutive patients undergoing coincidental appendectomy at time of a primary gynecologic procedure.SettingAcademic tertiary referral hospital in the Northeastern United States.PatientsWomen ages 22 to...
Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
We present a series of 12 patients with megacolon treated with infliximab, five with signs of systemic toxicity. Seventy-five percent of the patients avoided a colectomy during their acute episode after early infliximab treatment, 2.45 days after the megacolon diagnosis. There was a greater risk of surgery among patients with ulcerative colitis and toxicity criteria. Two more patients required follow-up surgery despite long-term infliximab treatment. No patient suffered significant treatment-related adverse effects or significant post-surgery complications. PMID: 31960698 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
Authors: Crespo J, Carballo Álvarez F, Alberca de Las Parras F, Fernández Rodríguez CM, Vera Mendoza MI, Gómez M, Elola Somoza FJ Abstract The Spanish Society of Digestive Pathology has set a consensus document on the standards and recommendations for gastroenterology units (GU). These standards are considered as relevant in the organization and management of the unit to develop their activities with efficiency and quality. Four key groups of processes have been identified: a) care for the acutely ill adult patient; b) outpatient digestive endoscopy; c) in-hospital support to other servi...
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
Authors: Santos A, Silva MA, Cardoso H, Marques M, Rodrigues-Pinto E, Peixoto A, Gaspar R, Lopes S, Macedo G Abstract BACKGROUND: videocapsule endoscopy (VCE) is currently the most sensitive diagnostic tool to detect early small bowel inflammation. A Lewis score (LS) of ≥ 135 as the cutoff value for the presence of significant inflammatory activity in patients undergoing VCE for suspected Crohn's disease (CD) has been suggested as a useful tool for the diagnosis of CD. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic accuracy of the LS in patients with suspected CD undergoing VCE. METHODS:...
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: acromegaly may be associated with more polyps in SB. PMID: 31960686 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
We present the case of a 74-year-old man, with a history of residual schizophrenia, who underwent abdominal-pelvic CT with intravenous contrast, due to abdominal acute pain, that showed a stenosis at the origin of the celiac trunk and a large aneurysm of the hepatic artery, secondary to a mediam arcuate ligament syndrome, of the diaphragm was observed. PMID: 31960685 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
Say you’ve received a brand-new Fitbit for Christmas to get you started in tracking your exercise routine and reach your fitness goals. Great! However, there might be more going on behind the scenes of you keeping fit with the help of technology than meets the eye… At The Medical Futurist, we’re great fans of wearables (or health trackers) that help you make more informed decisions when it comes to your health. However, we can’t stay indifferent to the potential risks which using these devices entail such as individual tracking, inaccuracies and even supplementing harmful behaviours. Just lik...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Health Sensors & Trackers digital health fitness wearables healthcare design fitness trackers digital health sensors Source Type: blogs
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