Australia set to 'eliminate' cervical cancer by 2028

Australia is set to be the first country to eliminate cervical cancer, aided by its national vaccination and screening programs, says a new study,
Source: - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Persistent high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection has been associated with increased risk for cervical precancerous lesions and cancer. The host ’s genetic variability is known to play a role in the development of cervical cancer. The human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes are highly polymorphic and have shown to be important risk determinants of HPV infection persistence and disease progression. HLA class I and II cell surface molecules regu late the host’s immune system by presenting HPV-derived peptides to T-cells. The activation of T-cell response may vary depending on the HLA allele polymorphism. The ...
Source: Acta Cytologica - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe general public was moderately aware of human papillomavirus, but associated human papillomavirus with cervical cancer. Knowledge of non-cervical human papillomavirus–related cancers is low, even among vaccine-eligible subgroups. Public health education is needed to raise awareness of non-cervical human papillomavirus–related cancers.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
UCLA Health Rates of sexually transmitted diseases have risen for the past four years to record highs in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ’slatest analysis. In California, the state health departmentfound that the number of people diagnosed with syphilis, gonorrhea or chlamydia in 2017 was 45 percent higher than five years prior.These sorts of statistics may spark a fear that there ’s little we can do to protect ourselves — but that’s not the full story.Dr. Leena Nathan, an obstetrician/gynecologist at UCLA Health-Westlake Village, consults with peo...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
Felicia D. Goodrum Sterling Heidi L. Pottinger By FELICIA D. GOODRUM STERLING, PhD and HEIDI L. POTTINGER, DrPH, MPH, MA The measles outbreak in Washington state this week has brought new attention to the anti-vaccine movement.  In fact, the World Health Organization recently identified “vaccine hesitancy” as one of top threats to global health. In the US, the number of unvaccinated children has quadrupled since 2001, enabling the resurgence of infectious diseases long-since controlled.  In fact, the WHO claims a staggering 1.5 million deaths could be prevented worldwide by improved vaccination rates....
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Patients Felicia Goodrum Sterling Global Health Heidi L. Pottinger public health The OpEd Project vaccines Source Type: blogs
Abstract No licensed therapeutic human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is currently available, so it remains a high priority to develop a therapeutic HPV vaccine or prophylactic/therapeutic HPV vaccine for cervical cancer. In this current study, we designed an HPV vaccine including CpG oligodeoxynucleotides 1826 as an adjuvant and HPV16 E7 43-77 peptide as antigen, which contains a CD8 T cell epitope (E7 49-57), and two CD4 T cell epitopes (E7 43-77 and E7 50-62). The prophylactic and therapeutic effect on cervical cancer induced by a single administration of vaccine, were comprehensively evaluated by examining the t...
Source: International Immunopharmacology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Int Immunopharmacol Source Type: research
Study supports a switch to HPV screening with five-year intervals Related items fromOnMedica The HPV vaccine, ten years on The risk factors for cervical cancer Screening programmes in England fail to meet standard uptake targets Home samples for cervical screening tests could boost uptake Thousands more women affected by Capita cervical screen blunder
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
Source: BMJ News - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
(This Feb. 4 story corrects seventh para to say Merck's Gardasil vaccine targets nine (not four) strains of HPV)
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
LONDON - A vaccine given to girls to protect them against a virus that causes cervical cancer is a "critical" health tool and access to it should be scaled up as swiftly as possible, especially in poorer countries, cancer experts said on Monday.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
Abstract Cervical cancer affects the cells lining the cervix, most commonly occurring in the cells of the transformation zone. Screening for cervical cancer looks to detect preinvasive disease, allowing for intervention before invasive disease develops. an assessment of individual risk factors, Selection of screening method depends on patient age, her screening history and results, and resources available. Screening has resulted in well-documented declines in cervical cancer incidence and mortality in the United States. Guidelines continue to evolve as new data emerge. Although cervical cancer prevention strategie...
Source: Primary Care - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Prim Care Source Type: research
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