Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Patients with HIV Infection.

[Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Patients with HIV Infection]. AIDS Rev. 2018;20(3):171-173 Authors: Papagianni M, Tziomalos K Abstract Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is highly prevalent in patients with HIV infection and appears to be more severe than in HIV-uninfected patients. Both metabolic (e.g., obesity and insulin resistance) and HIV-related factors (e.g., antiretroviral treatment and inflammation) play a role in the pathogenesis of NAFLD in this population. Accordingly, all patients with HIV infection should be evaluated for the presence of NAFLD. Ultrasound is the first-line diagnostic procedure, but non-alcoholic steatohepatitis has to be diagnosed with liver biopsy. However, non-invasive methods, including serological markers and transient elastography, might also be useful in this population. Lifestyle changes represent the cornerstone of treatment. Bariatric surgery, pioglitazone, and vitamin E can be considered in patients with significant fibrosis or at high risk for progression of NAFLD, including those with type 2 diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, elevated transaminases, or pronounced necroinflammation. However, there are no studies that evaluated the safety of efficacy of diet, exercise, or pharmacotherapy in this population. Therefore, research is needed to identify safe and effective pharmacological treatments for NAFLD in patients with HIV infection. PMID: 30264828 [PubMed - in process]
Source: AIDS Reviews - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: AIDS Rev Source Type: research

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