The Validity and Reliability Study of the Dokuz Eyl ül Theory of Mind Index (DEZİKÖ) in Patients with Schizophrenia.
[The Validity and Reliability Study of the Dokuz Eylül Theory of Mind Index (DEZİKÖ) in Patients with Schizophrenia]. Turk Psikiyatri Derg. 2018;29(3):193-201 Authors: Değirmencioğlu B, Alptekin K, Akdede BB, Erdil N, Aktener A, Mantar A, Ulaş H Abstract OBJECTIVE: Although a lack of a comprehensive theory of mind (ToM) index has been indicated frequently in studies of schizophrenia spectrum disorders, there is no valid and reliable index to assess ToM, which represents the ability to attribute mental states to other people. The purpose of this study is to examine the validity and reliability of the "Dokuz Eylul Theory of Mind Index" (DEZIKÖ) in healthy volunteers and in patients with schizophrenia, which is the first Turkish-language ToM index, developed using examples in the ToM literature. METHOD: The study sample consisted of a total of 286 participants, including 89 patients with schizophrenia who had been diagnosed by DSM-IV and 197 healthy volunteers. Sociodemographic data form and DEZIKÖ were administered to all participants. Empathic Skill Index-B Form (EBÖ-B) and Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) were administered to the patients. RESULTS: In healthy volunteers, internal consistency coefficient of DEZIKÖ was 0.64; inter-rater reliability was 0.99 (p
Publication date: Available online 20 October 2019Source: International Journal of PsychophysiologyAuthor(s): Eliana Vassena, Filip Van Opstal, Ingeborg Goethals, Tom VergutsAbstractThe ability to exert control has been widely investigated as a hallmark of adaptive behaviour. Dopamine is recognized as the key neuromodulator mediating various control-related processes. The neural mechanisms underlying the subjective perception of being in control, or Locus of Control (LOC) are however less clear. LOC indicates the subjective tendency to attribute environmental outcomes to one's actions (internal LOC) or instead to external ...
ConclusionOC significantly improved mental health and executive function in individuals with schizophrenia. Further, OC significantly increased PA measured by the pedometers. These findings suggest that OC offers a safe and attrition-lowering intervention promoting mental health and PA.Trial registrationcris.nih.go.kr identifier: KCT-0000873
Psychiatric medications are the religion and politics of the mental health advocacy world — don’t bring them up unless you want a fight to break out. Luckily, here at Not Crazy, we don’t shy away from confrontation. In this episode, we cover the good, the bad, and the ugly surrounding medications. Like whether or not you should take them. We tackle side effects like feeling numb and sexual dysfunction and share our personal histories with medication therapy. Listen now! (Transcript Available Below) SUBSCRIBE &REVIEW About The Not Crazy Podcast Hosts Gabe Howard is an award-winning wri...
AbstractPurposeTo illuminate user experiences of schizophrenia, reasons for receiving antipsychotic medication, and encounters with mental health services.Design and Methods24 semistructured qualitative research interviews with schizophrenia patients treated with 3 ‐monthly paliperidone palmitate across Scandinavia were synthesized in qualitative content analysis.FindingsParticipants describe considerable challenges in everyday functioning. Simultaneously, they rate their current mental and physical well ‐being high and seem satisfied with their lives. These pathways indicate personal recovery.Practice ImplicationsThe ...
Translational Psychiatry, Published online: 21 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41398-019-0603-6Region specific knockdown of Parvalbumin or Somatostatin produces neuronal and behavioral deficits consistent with those observed in schizophrenia
ConclusionsThe present study suggests that GM abnormalities in the LPAs, which can be detected during the early stage of illness, may underlie impaired verbal communication and positive symptoms in patients with schizophrenia spectrum psychosis.
CONCLUSION: With emerging evidence of deleterious health effects of SB independent of PA, it is important to monitor SB in individuals with schizophrenia, particularly those presenting with negative symptoms. While the lack of treatment response for negative symptoms remains a challenge, effort should be made to reduce duration of SB. PMID: 31627166 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
In conclusion, increased structural connectivity of the slMFB may underlie delusional experiences of paranoia and grandiosity in SSD.
Children of mothers who had bacterial infections during pregnancy are more likely to develop mental health conditions like schizophrenia and bipolar disorder
ConclusionsWe show that our proposed approach performs comparably to a centralized approach while minimizing network traffic compared to multishot methods.