Association of C3435T, C1236T and C4125A Polymorphisms of the MDR-1 Gene in Egyptian Children with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia
Conclusion: From our preliminary data, the CT genotype of C3435T is associated with a poor ALL outcome while the CC genotype of C1236T is related with an increased incidence of relapse. Although our results provide assistance for oncologist choice of individual therapeutic strategy taking the patient genetic repertoire into consideration, further investigations with larger sample size should be conducted to validate our results. PMID: 30256048 [PubMed - in process]
Egypt’s Health Ministry has reported its highest-ever number of infections and deaths from the coronavirus
Publication date: Available online 30 May 2020Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral RadiologyAuthor(s): Kevin C. Lee, Sung-Kiang Chuang
Publication date: Available online 30 May 2020Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Ling Wang, Ke Deng, Liang Gong, Liang Zhou, Sapna Sayed, Huan Li, Qi Sun, Zijie Su, Zhongyuan Wang, Shanshan Liu, Huifang Zhu, Jiaxing Song, Desheng Lu
Publication date: Available online 31 May 2020Source: Pharmacology &TherapeuticsAuthor(s): Jie Yu, Bingling Zhong, Qingwen Xiao, Lida Du, Ying Hou, Hong-Shuo Sun, Jin-Jian Lu, Xiuping Chen
Abstract Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most prevalent cancer among children, and multidrug efflux mediated by overexpression of ABC transporters is the major impediment to successful chemotherapy in this malignancy. The goal of this study is to identify the non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) which may affect the expression levels of ABCA3; the previously identified prognostic biomarker for multidrug resistance (MDR) in childhood ALL (cALL). Bone marrow samples from 64 cALLs, including 46 de novo and 18 relapsed patients, in addition to 30 non-cancer controls were collected, and ncRNAs were nominated using in sil...
We present the P-glycoprotein (P-gp) activity in 2 patients with different outcomes. Both patients had B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia; they were responding properly to the treatment, but one of them had an increment in the P-gp activity that correlates with an increment in the disease manifestation, the patient had to be hospitalized and developed sepsis and subsequently died. P-gp levels were correlated with disease progression. P-gp activity needs to be evaluated during treatment to assess and prevent disease relapse or the patient´s death.
Acute leukemia is the most common cancer in children and involves several factors that contribute to development of multidrug resistance and treatment failure. According to our recent studies, the BAALC gene is identified to have high mRNA expression levels in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and those with multidrug resistance. Several polymorphisms are associated with the expression of this gene. To date, there has been no study on the rs62527607 [GT] single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of BAALC gene and its link with childhood acute lymphoblastic and myeloid leukemia (AML).
Acute leukemia is the most common cancer in children and involves several factors that contribute to the development of multidrug resistance and treatment failure. According to our recent studies, the BAALC gene is identified to have high mRNA expression levels in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and those with multidrug resistance. Several polymorphisms are associated with the expression of this gene. To date, there has been no study on the rs62527607 [GT] single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of BAALC gene and its link with childhood acute lymphoblastic and myeloid leukemia (AML).
Scenario A 5-year-old girl with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia is receiving empirical intravenous antibiotic treatment for febrile neutropenia. On day 2 of her admission you are notified from the microbiology laboratory that she has a blood culture positive with a Gram-negative bacillus. You wonder if she has risk factors for antibiotic resistant Gram-negative bacteraemia and if her empirical antibiotic therapy should be adjusted. Structured clinical question In a child with cancer (patient) what risk factors (‘intervention’) affect probability of growth of an antibiotic resistant Gram-negative organism in blood...
Methotrexate (MTX) is one of the key components of current ALL treatment protocols. This antifolate inhibits de novo nucleotide biosynthesis, hindering DNA replication, hence leading to cell death. However, despite the overall good cure rates in ALL, drug resistance continues to hamper the efficacy of MTX, contributing to relapse of leukemia. Multiple molecular mechanisms underlying drug resistance have been characterized, however, their clinical relevance often remains unclear. We recently identified impaired FPGS splicing, in particular intron 8 partial retention (intron 8 PR), as a possible contributor to decreased FPGS...