Amedeo Modigliani and his "great secret": a brief history of medical and social aspects of tuberculosis in the nineteenth and early twentieth century.

Amedeo Modigliani and his "great secret": a brief history of medical and social aspects of tuberculosis in the nineteenth and early twentieth century. Infez Med. 2018 Sep 01;26(3):280-282 Authors: Perciaccante A, Coralli A, Appenzeller O Abstract The pathography of the famous painter and sculptor Amedeo Modigliani (1884-1920) shows that he had tuberculosis and died of tubercular meningitis aged 35. The nineteenth century was characterized by numerous milestones in the history of tuberculosis. In 1853, Hermann Brehmer, first used the term tuberculosis referred to at the time as "phthisis". In 1865, Jean Antoine Villemin demonstrated the infectious etiology of the disease. This was confirmed in 1882 by Robert Koch by identifying the tubercle bacillus. Koch also invented the diagnostic tuberculin test. Charles Mantoux and Florence Seibert improved this test. Identification of the infectious etiology of tuberculosis led to experiments of effective treatments for this disease. The most successful treatment for tuberculosis was by sanatorium regime. From the late nineteenth century, more invasive therapeutic approaches such as artificial pneumothorax were introduced. The advent of streptomycin in 1945 changed the social view of tuberculosis. This previously romanticized disease became a social stigma which was associated with poor social and moral standards; patients were kept in isolation. Fearing social ostracism, Modigliani refused treatm...
Source: Infezioni in Medicina - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infez Med Source Type: research

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