Magnetic Resonance Imaging White Matter Hyperintensity as a Predictor of Stroke Recurrence in Patients with Embolic Stroke of Undetermined Source

This study aimed to investigate factors associated with stroke recurrence and new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with embolic stroke of undetermined source (ESUS).
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research

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ConclusionsAttention should be paid to ischemic stroke recurrence as a complication of IV t-PA, and preparation for mechanical thrombectomy is warranted. Further study of the left atrial appendage is needed to clarify the mechanisms of onset.
Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
Conclusions: The Strat-AF study may be an essential step towards the exploration of the role of a combined clinical biomarker or multiple biomarker models in predicting stroke risk in AF, and might sustain the incorporation of such new markers in the existing stroke prediction schemes by the demonstration of a greater incremental value in predicting stroke risk and improvement in clinical outcomes in a cost-effective fashion. PMID: 31548494 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Compared to previously known AF, newly detected AF persistent>24 h was associated with cortex-involved ischemic stroke. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT02156765, https://clinicaltrials.gov. PMID: 31403970 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research
Background: Detection and treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) is a major goal in preventing secondary stroke. Insertable cardiac monitors (ICMs) are available for diagnosis of arrhythmia monitoring in patients with cryptogenic stroke. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based diagnostic evaluation for acute ischemic stroke subtype classification is common in Japan and can be useful for specific diagnosis of cryptogenic stroke. Purpose: We aimed to investigate the detection rate of AF with an ICM in patients with cryptogenic stroke who were diagnosed by MRI.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
We describe a 45-year-old man who presented with nausea, vomiting, and strong occipital headache on the right side. Although no abnormalities on neurological examination or computed tomography imaging were found on admission, peripheral blood cell counts showed polycythemia (hemoglobin 20.6 g/dL) and electrocardiography demonstrated atrial fibrillation. Therefore, anticoagulant treatment with heparin was started immediately. On the following day, the occipital headache continued. Brain T2*-weighted (T2*WI) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and, to a lesser extent, susceptibility-weighted imaging showed dilation of numerous ...
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusion: Intracranial artery calcification is common in patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease and the intracranial carotid artery is most frequently affected. Intracranial arterial calcifications might be associated with imaging markers of SVD and are highly correlated with WMHs, lacunes, and CMBs. Quantification of calcification on CT provides additional information on the pathophysiology of SVD. Intracranial arterial calcification could act as a potential marker of SVD. Introduction Atherosclerosis is a systemic vascular process that is considered a major cause of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular di...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In conclusion, our data support that plasma DAO levels were increased in PSD patients and correlated with brain WMH, independent of age, gender, hypertension, and renal function. Plasma DAO levels may therefore aid in PSD diagnosis. Introduction Stroke is a risk factor for both vascular dementia and Alzheimer's disease (1, 2). Functional recovery develops over the course of 26 weeks after a stroke (3), but the survivors are often left with disabilities. In addition to the sequelae of acute neuronal damage, the 1-year post-stroke dementia (PSD) rates after first-ever and recurrent stroke are ~10 and 30%, respe...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Up to date, no data about PCIS and IVT are available from RTCs. Based on limited results from retrospective clinical studies and case series, IVT is safer for use in PCIS than in ACIS. Patients with brainstem ischemia, vertebral artery occlusion, and absence of basilar or posterior cerebral artery occlusion could be considered for treatment with IVT even in borderline cases. Time to IVT in PCIS seems to be a less crucial factor than in ACIS. IVT for PCIS may be beneficial even after 4.5 h from symptom onset. Introduction History of Intravenous Thrombolysis—The Most Relevant Studies Intravenous t...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The present study suggests that lesion patterns observed from DWI of patients with PFO and SIAD might provide clues to the etiology of infarcts. Single lesions (cortical or subcortical) might be a typical feature of PFO associated strokes, while multiple lesions in one vascular territory might be a specific feature of SIAD associated strokes. Introduction Both patent foramen ovale (PFO) and spontaneous intracranial artery dissection (SIAD) are important stroke risk factors, especially in young and middle-aged adults (1–3). About 25% of patients with ischemic stroke are cryptogenic (4), and PFO is pr...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Johannes Schurig1,2*, Karl Georg Haeusler1,2,3, Ulrike Grittner4,5, Christian H. Nolte1,2, Jochen B. Fiebach1,2, Heinrich J. Audebert1,2, Matthias Endres1,2,5,6 and Andrea Rocco1,2 1Center for Stroke Research Berlin, Charité–Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany 2Department of Neurology, Charité–Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany 3Department of Neurology, Universitätsklinikum Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany 4Insitute of Biometry and Clinical Epidemiology, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany 5Berlin Institute of Heal...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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