A controlled pilot trial of two commercial video games for rehabilitation of arm function after stroke.

A controlled pilot trial of two commercial video games for rehabilitation of arm function after stroke. Clin Rehabil. 2014 Oct 16; Authors: Chen MH, Huang LL, Lee CF, Hsieh CL, Lin YC, Liu H, Chen MI, Lu WS Abstract OBJECTIVES: To investigate the acceptability and potential efficacy of two commercial video games for improving upper extremity function after stroke in order to inform future sample size and study design. DESIGN: A controlled clinical trial design using sequential allocation into groups. SETTING: A clinical occupational therapy department. SUBJECTS: Twenty-four first-stroke patients. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were assigned to one of three groups: conventional group, Wii group, and XaviX group. In addition to regular one-hour conventional rehabilitation, each group received an additional half-hour of upper extremity exercises via conventional devices, Wii games, or XaviX games, for eight weeks. MAIN MEASURES: The Fugl-Meyer Assessment of motor function, Box and Block Test of Manual Dexterity, Functional Independence Measure, and upper extremity range of motion were used at baseline and postintervention. Also, a questionnaire was used to assess motivation and enjoyment. RESULTS: The effect size of differences in change scores between the Wii and conventional groups ranged from 0.71 (SD 0.59) to 0.28 (SD 0.58), on the Fugl-Meyer Assessment of motor function (d = 0.74) was larger than that between the Xa...
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

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Conclusions and significance: The English version of the OGQ was found to be a feasible instrument for identifying occupational gaps following mild stroke and may be suitable to support research and clinical practice with this population. PMID: 31906780 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research
Semin Neurol DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-3400315Cerebellar dizziness and vertigo account for approximately 10% of diagnoses in a tertiary dizziness center. This term summarizes a large group of disorders with chronic (degenerative, hereditary, acquired cerebellar ataxias), recurrent (episodic ataxias), or acute (stroke, inflammation) presentations. Key to the diagnosis is a comprehensive examination of central ocular motor and vestibular function. Patients with cerebellar dizziness and vertigo usually show a pattern of deficits in smooth pursuit, gaze-holding, saccade accuracy, or fixation-suppression of the vestibulo-ocular refle...
Source: Seminars in Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation MedicineAuthor(s): I Laffont, J Froger, C Jourdan, K Bakhti, LEH Van Dokkum, A Gouaich, HY Bonnin, P Armingaud, A Jaussent, MC Picot, E Le Bars, A Dupeyron, C Arquizan, A Gelis, D MottetAbstractBackground. Few rehabilitation methods have proven their efficacy in increasing sensori-motor recovery and/or function of the upper limb (UL) after stroke. Video games (VGs) are promising tools in this indication.Objective. To compare UL rehabilitation by using VGs and conventional rehabilitation (CR) in patients with sub-acute stroke.Des...
Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Available trials provided insufficient evidence to permit any conclusions about routine use of rPMS for people after stroke. Additional trials with large sample sizes are needed to provide robust evidence for rPMS after stroke. PMID: 31784991 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
(North Carolina State University) Researchers have created a virtual reality clinic to make it easier for stroke survivors to attend physical and occupational therapy sessions. Results from a proof-of-concept study suggest the technology -- and the social connection it facilitates -- are effective at encouraging therapy participation.
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: news
After a stroke, the main goal is to get back home and be as independent as possible. To achieve that goal, most stroke rehabilitation centers focus on helping people to regain lost function, such as the inability to use a hand, to speak, to swallow, or to walk. A great deal of effort is put into functional recovery so that the patient can go home safely and adequately perform activities of daily living (ADLs). There is little effort put into aerobic exercise and conditioning in most stroke rehabilitation programs. A recent systematic review and meta-analysis published in the Journal of the American Heart Association (JAHA)...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Exercise and Fitness Hypertension and Stroke Source Type: blogs
ConclusionSSRI therapy did not improve disability and QOL in multi-ethnic Asian patients with first-ever stroke undergoing rehabilitation.
Source: Drugs in R&D - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Feasibility of six-point Goal Attainment Scale among stroke patients were examined. Thirty-five subacute and chronic stroke patients with upper limb function problems were included (December 2015–March 2017). Sixty-minute conventional therapy and 30-minute occupational therapy was provided on every consecutive weekday, for 4 weeks. Beside Functional Independence Measure, Action Reach Arm test, Fugl-Meyer upper extremity assessment motor function subtest and six-point Goal Attainment Scale were collected. The content of the previous tests was linked with International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Heal...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a treatment used in the rehabilitation of stroke patients aiming to improve functionality of the plegic upper extremity. Currently, tDCS is not routinely used in post stroke rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to establish the effects of bihemspheric tDCS combined with physical therapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) on upper extremity motor function.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: Different combinations of aspects facilitated and hindered whether or not participation changed. To support people with stroke in their endeavour to retain or recapture participation, social support is important to consider in relation to transportation, activities and places outside the home. PMID: 31564178 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research
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