Don't throw away your printed books: A meta-analysis on the effects of reading media on reading comprehension
Publication date: Available online 15 September 2018Source: Educational Research ReviewAuthor(s): Pablo Delgado, Cristina Vargas, Rakefet Ackerman, Ladislao SalmerónAbstractWith the increasing dominance of digital reading over paper reading, gaining understanding of the effects of the medium on reading comprehension has become critical. However, results from research comparing learning outcomes across printed and digital media are mixed, making conclusions difficult to reach. In the current meta-analysis, we examined research in recent years (2000-2017), comparing the reading of comparable texts on paper and on digital devices. We included studies with between-participant (n = 38) and within-participant designs (n = 16) involving 171,055 participants. Both designs yielded the same advantage of paper over digital reading (Hedge’s g = -.21; dc = -.21). Analyses revealed three significant moderators: (1) time frame: the paper-based reading advantage increased in time-constrained reading compared to self-paced reading; (2) text genre: the paper-based reading advantage was consistent across studies using informational texts, or a mix of informational and narrative texts, but not on those using only narrative texts; (3) publication year: the advantage of paper-based reading increased over the years. Theoretical and educational implications are discussed.
Publication date: 1 April 2019Source: Scripta Materialia, Volume 163Author(s): Dong Li, Zongbin Li, Jiajing Yang, Zhenzhuang Li, Bo Yang, Haile Yan, Dunhui Wang, Long Hou, Xi Li, Yudong Zhang, Claude Esling, Xiang Zhao, Liang ZuoAbstractThe first-order inter-martensitic transformation induced by temperature change or external stress is frequently observed in Ni-Mn-Ga alloys. Here, the inter-martensitic transformation is exploited to strengthen the elastocaloric effect. Through the stress-induced two-step structural transformation, i.e., martensitic and inter-martensitic transformation, giant adiabatic temperature change up...
Authors: Mitra A PMID: 30648448 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 17 January 2019Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Juliana B. de Salles Andrade, Isabele G. Giori, Fernanda B. Melo-Felippe, Tamiris Vieira-Fonseca, Leonardo F. Fontenelle, Fabiana B. KohlrauschAbstractThe etiology of obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) is largely unknown, but family, twin, neuroimaging, and pharmacological studies suggest that glutamatergic system plays a significant role on its underlying pathophysiology. We performed an association analysis of six Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) within SLC1A1 gene (rs12682807, rs2075627, rs3780412, rs301443,...
HOW TO sleep: The cold weather can have a huge impact on a person ’s sleep pattern. Not only can it make falling asleep at night difficult, when the temperature drops in the early hours of the morning it can trigger an early wake up. Drinking a certain tea before bed though has been proven to help you enjoy a good night’s sleep.
He proposes changes in state policy to approach universal coverage and asks Congress and Trump for waivers to move toward single-payer system.Medscape Medical News
Companies disproportionately target black and latino kids in unhealthy food ads.
AbbVie Inc said on Friday its blockbuster cancer treatment in combination with chemotherapy agents failed to meet the main goal in a late-stage study of patients with a form of pancreatic cancer.
A new government program was supposed to prevent certain Medicare recipients from cycling in and out of hospitals. Now some experts worry it may be costing lives.
(Reuters Health) - Older adults who have exercised regularly for at least a year may be less likely to experience falls or related injuries than their less active peers, a research review suggests.