Are fungi the secret to a sweet sounding violin? – Science Weekly podcast

From making violins sound beautiful, to beer and bread, to creating life-saving medicine, fungi have an array of very useful attributes. This week, a report demonstrates just how little we know about this kingdom of life and what we are set to gain if we tap into fungi as a resource.Hannah Devlin investigates.Join the discussion onFacebook andTwitterThe more mycologists study fungi, the more they ’re beginning to realise what an intriguing kingdom of life it is. Life-saving drugs like statins, penicillin and the immunosuppressants used in organ donation are all derived from fungi, as is the yeast used in bread and beer. Lesser known is that one researcher from Switzerland is making fungal- treated violins, and their sound is said to match that of a multimillion dollar Stradivarius.Hannah Devlin discusses why Stradivari ’s violins are so hard to re-create and why fungi might help withDr Francis Schwarze from the Swiss research institute,Empa.Continue reading...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Science Environment Fungi Music Source Type: news

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Authors: Oshakbayev K, Bimbetov B, Manekenova K, Bedelbayeva G, Mustafin K, Dukenbayeva B Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of the fast weight loss method on liver steatosis, fibrosis, inflammation, glycemic and lipids features and body composition in patients with severe Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) and Type 2 Diabetes (T2D). METHODS: A 24-week open prospective randomised controlled clinical trial including 80 adult patients (aged 40-65 years) was performed. The patients after randomisation were divided in two groups: Main group followed the fast weight loss method; Control group receive...
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2018Source: Hepatobiliary &Pancreatic Diseases InternationalAuthor(s): Jun Han, Wen-Tao Yan, Bing Quan, Ming-Da Wang, Tian Yang
Source: Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Diseases International - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2018Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): David D. Waters, Priscilla Y. HsueAbstractLipid abnormalities are prevalent among persons living with HIV infection and contribute to increasing the risk of cardiovascular events. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is associated with lipid abnormalities, most commonly hypertriglyceridemia, but also increases in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and total cholesterol. Different classes of ART, and different drugs within classes, have differing effects upon lipid levels, but in general newer drugs have more favorable effec...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsPrior medication adherence predicts post-MI adherence to P2Y12 inhibitors. Increasing accessibility of medication adherence data in the medical record may be an important tool to identify patients at higher risk for post-MI medication non-adherence and target efforts to improve adherence.
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: This systematic review suggests that there is an association between atorvastatin treatment and NOD. Moreover, it showed that atorvastatin in high dose causes worsening of the glycemic control in patients with DM. PMID: 30425742 [PubMed]
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research
Higher plasma fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) levels predict incident cardiovascular events in type 2 diabetes patients. However, whether FGF21 levels predict cardiovascular events in statin-treated patients in the general population is unknown. We investigated whether FGF21 levels predict major cardiovascular event (MCVE) in the Treating to New Targets (TNT) trial participants.
Source: Metabolism - Clinical and Experimental - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionSAAE are associated with increased expenditures following MI compared with HSA.
Source: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
By ANISH KOKA MD  Seema Verma, the Trump appointee who runs Medicare, has had an active week. The problem facing much-beloved Medicare is one that faces every other government-funded healthcare extravaganza: it’s always projected to be running out of money. Medicare makes up 15% of the total federal budget. That’s almost $600 billion dollars out of a total federal outlay of $4 Trillion dollars. The only problem here is that revenues are around $3.6 trillion. We are spending money we don’t have, and thus there there is constant pressure to reduce federal outlays. This is a feat that appears to be legi...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Policy Hospitals Medicare Physicians Anish Koka Government Health care spending Source Type: blogs
Abstract Background: Cancer survivors suffer from many comorbid conditions even after the cure of their cancers beyond 5 years. We explored the differences in the association of comorbid conditions between the cancer survivors and patients without cancer. Methods: Electronic medical records of 280 adult cancer survivors and 280 age-matched patients without cancer in our suburban internal medicine office were reviewed. Results: Mean age of the cancer survivors was 72.5 ± 13.1 years, and the age of the patients without cancer was 72.5 ± 12.8 years. The number of male cancer survivors was sign...
Source: Clinical Prostate Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: J Clin Med Res Source Type: research
Authors: Klug E, Raal FJ, Marais AD, Smuts CM, Schamroth C, Jankelow D, Blom DJ, Webb DA Abstract South Africa (SA) is home to a heterogeneous population with a wide range of cardiovascular risk factors. Cholesterol reduction in combination with aggressive management of modifiable risk factors, including nutrition, physical activity, blood pressure and smoking, can help to reduce and prevent morbidity and mortality in individuals who are at increased risk of cardiovascular events. This updated consensus guide to management of dyslipidaemia in SA is based on the updated European Society of Cardiology and European At...
Source: South African Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: S Afr Med J Source Type: research
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